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The End of the Jihad State: The Reign of Hisham Ibn Abd Al-Malik and the Collapse of the Umayyads (S U N Y Series in Medieval Middle East History) Hardcover – March, 1994
STRETCHING FROM MOROCCO TO CHINA, THE UMAYYAD CALIPHATE BASED ITS EXPANSION AND SUCCESS ON THE DOCTRINE OF JIHAD-ARMED STRUGGLE TO CLAIM THE WHOLE EARTH FOR GOD'S RULE, A STRUGGLE THAT HAD BROUGHT MUCH MATERIAL SUCCESS FOR A CENTURY BUT SUDDENLY GROUND TO A HLAT FOLLOWED BY THE COLLAPSE OF THE RULING UMAYYAD DYNASTY....
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