- Hardcover: 380 pages
- Publisher: Harvard Business Review Press (August 2000)
- Language: English
- ISBN-10: 0875848346
- ISBN-13: 978-0875848341
- Product Dimensions: 1.2 x 6.5 x 9.2 inches
- Shipping Weight: 1.6 pounds (View shipping rates and policies)
- Average Customer Review: 4.3 out of 5 stars See all reviews (28 customer reviews)
- Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #133,591 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
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The Entrepreneurial Mindset: Strategies for Continuously Creating Opportunity in an Age of Uncertainty Hardcover – August, 2000
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Top Customer Reviews
For one thing, it is not about entrepreneurs. In fact, the cast of characters is dominated by managers in relatively large organizations. Nor is it about the kinds of coalition-building activities that Gifford Pinchot described in Intrapreneuring (although the topic of political obstacles is addressed). What it is about is strategic innovation. It is a detailed description of an elaborate and exhaustive process for rationally generating (and choosing among) strategic alternatives in the face of uncertainty. This is not a process that the authors have observed while studying entrepreneurs. It is, rather, a description of the tools the authors have developed to work with management teams in established firms to discern original responses to business challenges. Said another way, the book has to do with the process of discovering new things to do - things for which there are no precedents and about which there is very limited data/information - in established businesses.
In some respects, this book constitutes a synthesis (and an impressive one) of themes that have been at work in the strategy literature in recent years. The majority of these themes reflect concerns about how to respond to a business environment in which products rapidly become commodities and (therefore) in which new options are much more strategic hypotheses to be investigated than they are plans to be formalized and funded. Much of the authors' attention is devoted to unearthing new hypotheses from the available data and sorting through them to settle on future courses of action.
The Entrepreneurial Mindset, while easy to read, is not a light narrative by any means. It is, at base, a technical book about a specific approach to strategy development and implementation. It views strategy first as a creative activity and then as a resource allocation problem that terminates in resource allocation decisions first to classes of opportunities and then to specific projects. The search for options ("opportunities" in their terms) occurs at the product/market segment level, not at the business level. Areas considered in search of novel approaches include product features, delivering more value at specific stages of the so-called Consumption Chain, market resegmentation, and radical redesign of the value chain.
There are a few cases in which the authors' actual practice around a task or topic does not become clear until 20 pages or so after their initial presentation of it. Thus, it is hard to derive full value from this material without taking detailed notes and without giving it a second read. (The authors themselves seem to anticipate the need for a twice-through reading, advising us on several occasions that it is OK to skip the next section if this is the first time you've read the book.)
There are none of the traditional "soft" tools of strategy to be found here - no mission statements, value disciplines, driving forces, or what have you. While the book does deal with "Building Breakthrough Competences" in Chapter 8, the approach presented revolves around identifying how to excel on one or more core performance metrics rather than with respect to specific sorts of skills and activity groupings that Hamel & Prahalad adherents have grown used to. Therefore, people whose primary interest is in enunciating over-all themes and affecting corporate culture will not find wisdom on their principal needs here.
As mentioned above, the book incorporates the insights of other researchers - carefully documented in an extensive (and useful) bibliography. Happily, some of the most intriguing of MacMillan's own published ideas have found a place in the process. Other "connections" include:
Pascal, Managing on the Edge - Honda's Five Why's; Wheelwright & Clark, Revolutionizing Product Development - "Types" of development plans; Slywotsky, Profit Patterns - Business model redesign as a strategic response; Porter, "What is Strategy?" in On Competition - Model redesign and unique activities; Brown and Eisenhardt, Competing on the Edge - The idea of "probes."
The list could go on.
Finally, the strategy professional will be pleased with the checklists and questions (called "quizzes") that the authors provide. Some of the very best of these, in my opinion, are:
Sample Questions on Buyer Behavior (pp. 51-52); Is There Potential For Radical Reconfiguration of the Current Business Model? (p. 96); Assessing Market Uncertainty (p. 174); Assessing Technical Uncertainty (p.175); Sources of Competitive Insulation (p.190-191).
In addition, there are many templates to for "mapping" strategies that are quite useful. The notion of "leading indicators" of project progress is a marvelous idea - reminiscent of the principles that Norton and Kaplan have enunciated in their various writings on leading and lagging performance metrics and the Balanced Scorecard.
As a strategy professional, I must admit to one basic reservation about the process described in this book. I cannot imagine how to get a group of busy managers to take the time to do all of these steps in this quantity of detail. There is no doubt in my mind that The Entrepreneurial Mindset presents an ideal way of going about strategy development and selection at the business level. In fairness, the authors point out many cases in which one should modify the process to reflect local custom. Even then - in the absence of some extreme strategic crisis - maintaining interest in and motivation around so exhaustive and elaborate a process rates to be a huge challenge.
The bottom line - It's a relatively technical book aimed at those responsible for strategy development at any level. It does a wonderful job of laying out the details of an exciting process through project implementation. It's a "must read" book because it integrates many current ideas and techniques so well. It's a two-read book. (Actually, I'm on my third time through at the moment.) But it's well worth it.
Bob Nickels 01/15/01
The first 7 chapters provide tools to identify and define opportunities. Chapter 2, for example, details exactly how to set up a database to capture new business opportunities, with fields that describe the product/service and forces that affect its success, such as competition and company position. Chapters 3 through 6 provide usable frameworks which will fill your database with opportunities. The frameworks cover everything from redesigning products and services and redifferentiating for customers to resegmenting and restructuring markets and creating new competencies. The rest of the book covers execution: developing and timing entry strategies, managing uncertainty through discovery driven planning, and creating an entrepreneurial culture.
As a consultant, I have been able to use many of MacMillan's and McGrath's frameworks with my clients. Specifically, chapter 8's opportunity options frameworks have been invaluable to categorize new venture opportunities for our clients in the high-tech and financial services industries, and have aided in determining "go" and "no-go" decisions for further investment. Additionally, as I am an aspiring entreprenuer, I personally use their tools for opportunity assessment to inventory and rate my own business ideas.
I highly recommend The Entrepreneurial Mindset to corporate venturers and entrepreneurs alike. While the book covers a lot of ground, it is able to do so in an easy to read fashion. The tools and frameworks throughout the book keep the reader engaged and turn the theoretical into the applicable. The Entreprenuerial Mindset is an essential desk reference for new venturing and a highly worthwhile read.