- File Size: 915 KB
- Print Length: 338 pages
- Simultaneous Device Usage: Unlimited
- Publication Date: May 12, 2012
- Sold by: Amazon Digital Services LLC
- Language: English
- ASIN: B0082XPOG2
- Text-to-Speech: Enabled
- Word Wise: Enabled
- Lending: Enabled
- Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #43,581 Free in Kindle Store (See Top 100 Free in Kindle Store)
Evolution, Old & New Or, the Theories of Buffon, Dr. Erasmus Darwin and Lamarck, as compared with that of Charles Darwin Kindle Edition
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Butler quotes extensively from Buffon, Erasmus Darwin (Charles Darwin's grandfather) and Lamarck. Butler departs from Charles Darwin in believing that organisms are designed. But where is the designer? Butler's answer is that the organism's designer is itself, or rather its complete ancestry. These days we could express this by saying that its designer is its genome, but in those pre-genetics days, all they could say was "heredity". Butler follows Lamarck, who made variation directed, and the result of perceived need; at what level of consciousness is not at all discussed.
The book ends with two curious appendices. The first quotes adverse responses to the first edition. The second hopes that the Roman Catholic Church - to which Butler does not belong - might evolve into some form which would eventually unite the whole of mankind.