- Hardcover: 319 pages
- Publisher: New Page Books (June 1, 2007)
- Language: English
- ISBN-10: 1564149420
- ISBN-13: 978-1564149428
- Product Dimensions: 9.2 x 6.6 x 1.1 inches
- Shipping Weight: 1.5 pounds
- Average Customer Review: 17 customer reviews
- Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #1,705,032 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
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The First American: The Suppressed Story of the People Who Discovered the New World Hardcover – June 1, 2007
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From the Back Cover
"Read Christopher Hardaker's shocking and enlightening book and you will realize that what we are taught about prehistory is often not the truth but a story fashioned by archaeologists to serve their own worldviews, careers, ego and interests. Hardaker does us all a service by exposing the facts and fictions behind conventional wisdom about the peopling of the Americas."
--Graham Hancock, best-selling author of Fingerprints of the Gods
"Famed British archaeologist Sir Mortimer Wheeler once said, `Archaeology is not a science; it is a vendetta.' Chris Hardaker gives a perfect example in his stunning blow-by-blow account of the attempts by the archeological establishment to dismiss and suppress the amazing date of 250,000 years obtained by geologists for the Valsequillo sites in Mexico."
--Michael A. Cremo, best-selling author of Forbidden Archeology
"As a scientist I am embarrassed that it has taken over 30 years for archaeologists and geologists to revisit the bone and artifact deposits of Valsequillo Reservoir. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, data were presented that suggested Early Man had been in the New World much earlier than anyone had previously thought. Rather than further investigate the discoveries, which is what should have been done, they were buried under the sands of time, in the hope that they would be forgotten.
Now we have at least five independent geological age estimates that all indicate an old, pre-Clovis age for the Valsequillo site. We have the choice of accepting the results as correct and concluding that the artifacts are greater than 200,000 years old or arguing that there is something significantly wrong with each of the geological age estimates."
--from the Foreword by Charles Naeser, geochemist, United States Geological Survey
About the Author
Christopher Hardaker earned an MA in anthropology from the University of Arizona and has worked as a field archaeologist for 30 years, dividing his research between the nature of stone tools and using simple geometry to explore architectural traditions ranging from Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, to Washington, D.C. He first learned of the "professionally forbidden" older horizons of New World prehistory in 1977 on a visit to the Mojave Desert's Calico Early Man site established by the legendary Louis S. B. Leakey. It was there that he first heard the name Valsequillo. He is currently analyzing the astonishing 60,000-plus artifacts from Calico.
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The primary source documents for this book were graciously made available to me about a year ago by Virginia Steen-McIntyre, a tephronologist member of the original Valsequillo excavations. In a weekly newspaper column I write, I did my best to synopsize the technical material in those documents for the lay reader but Chris Hardaker's distillation surpasses my own by an order of magnitude. In addition, Chris has ferreted out related but exceedingly obscure material that I have never seen in print before and likely never would have. This would include his account of recent discoveries of advanced tool making in the African Middle Paleolithic, Lorenzo's raid on the Smithsonian for the Armenta's inscribed bone artifact, and his personal account of suppression of student investigation of Carter's Texas Street Site by his California archaeology professor.
Accusations of archaeological coverups abound in the "fringe" literature and in my experience, the majority of them lack foundation. By the same token, over the years I have found a small core of these accusations have a very real basis in fact. Chris Hardaker covers these as well in "The First American" and goes into the mentality and politics that give rise to such baffling suppression. Still, in the end, Chris is left as puzzled as I am, as to why mainstream science would turn its back on its core principles. To even raise the question of conspiracy to suppress knowledge is to invite an avalanche of ridicule and I must commend Chris Hardaker's courage to stand up publicly and face it. Virginia Steen-McIntyre has endured such ridicule for four decades in an effort to keep the profound discoveries in the Valsequillo Valley from vanishing into the black hole of public consciousness and in 2004 finally saw this site reopened by Texas A&M and INAH. We are still waiting for official publication of their findings promised three years ago. In the meantime, we have Chris' account of what he observed at Hueyatlaco along with surviving members of the original excavations. Though there will be howls of protests that this book is doing an end run around the peer review process, Chris has done a yeoman job of making this fascinating story accessible to highly interested laymen such as myself and he has done so in an extremely lively and entertaining style. For those with a taste for dissident but real archaeology, I give "The First American" my highest recommendation.
To demolish your paradigm.
Americas' history is deep in time;
1,000,000 years is just fine.
Most of the book is about the Valsequillo site in Mexico and how it's "impossible" dates were ridiculed then ignored.
The last part of the book is the best. The author tells of so many recent finds that turn archaeological paradigms on the heads. So much of what we "knew" about ancient humans has turned out to be mistaken.
Not having a reputation or funding to protect, I can entertain "heretical" ideas about the peopling of the Americas. Please note that the dates given here are my personal opinion. It is my opinion that humans have been in the Americas at least 250,000 years minimum, maximum of 1,000,000 years.