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Four Views on Divine Providence (Counterpoints: Bible and Theology) Paperback – March 22, 2011
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From the Back Cover
About the Author
Stanley N. Gundry is executive vice president and editor-in-chief for the Zondervan Corporation. He has been an influential figure in the Evangelical Theological Society, serving as president of ETS and on its executive committee, and is adjunct professor of Historical Theology at Grand Rapids Theological Seminary. He is the author of seven books and has written many articles appearing in popular and academic periodicals.
William Lane Craig (PhD, University of Birmingham, England) is research professor of philosophy at Talbot School of Theology, Biola University and lives in Marietta, GA.
Ron Highfield (B.A., M.Th., Harding University; M.A., Ph.D., Rice University), Professor of Religion at Pepperdine University, is the author of Great is the Lord: Theology for the Praise of God (Eerdmans, 2008).and articles in Theological Studies, the Christian Scholars’ Review, the Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society, Faculty Dialogue, the Stone-Campbell Journal, and Restoration Quarterly.
Gregory A. Boyd (PhD, Princeton Theological Seminary) is a pastor at Woodland Hills Church in St. Paul, Minnesota. Previously a professor of theology at Bethel University, several of his many books include Letters from a Skeptic, Repenting of Religion, Myth of a Christian Nation, God at War, and Satan and the Problem of Evil.
Paul Kjoss Helseth (Ph.D. Marquette University) is Professor of Christian Thought at Northwestern College in St. Paul, MN. He is the author of "Right Reason" and the Princeton Mind: An Unorthodox Proposal (Phillipsburg, N.J.: P & R Publishing, 2010), and has co-edited and contributed to Beyond the Bounds (Wheaton: Crossway, 2003) and Reclaiming the Center (Wheaton: Crossway, 2004).
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Top Customer Reviews
Does God ever ordain evil acts?
Does God always get what he wants?
How can anyone reconcile human beings' moral responsibility with God's sovereignty over their acts?
Hoe does God influence the affairs of this world at all?
Four theologians from different church traditions were invited to present their findings based on their reading of scripture and christian tradition.
Paul Kjoss Helseth represents the Reformed tradition and argues that all events owe both their occurrence and mode of that occurrence to God, who causes every creaturely act in such a way as to determine completely its nature and outcome.
William Lane Craig, arguing on behalf of contemporary Molinists, maintains that God knows what creatures will do by virtue of his middle knowledge and that he controls the course of worldly affairs by means of this awareness without predetermining any of his creatures' free decisions.
Ronald Highfield, writing from the Restorationist tradition, articulates what he considers to be a biblical perspective on the subject, which differs in content and emphases from the others.
Finally, Gregory Boyd advocates for open theism, where humans decisions, in most circumstances, can be free only if God neither determines nor even knows what they will be until they are actualized.Read more ›
Another good presentation of an Arminian view is found in Predestination and Free Will: Four Views. This book also has a good presentation of Calvinism (John Feinberg) and open theism written by the late Clark Pinnock.
Let me tell you why I am giving all of the above suggestions, because there is no "one" good book on the subject, as only excellent articles exist from different books on the subject. If you want a good presentation of Calvinism, then buy this text. Some may critique me by not recommending the Middle-Knowledge article as a reason to buy this book. I, however, will stand firmly on the ground that until this model becomes biblical rather than philosophical, it need not be read.
The subject of divine providence is extremely worthwhile and needs to be studied carefully. Read this text, but do not limit yourself to it.
The book features Paul Kjoss Helseth with the view "God causes all things," William Lane Craig with the view "God directs all things," Ron Highland with the view "God controls by liberating," and Gregory A. Boyd with the view "God limits his control."
Helseth's view is clearly Calvinist as he describes God as "omnicausal," predetermining everything in his creation exactly as he wants it. The problem with this view is that it logically leads to God as the author of evil and human beings are held responsible for something God planned.
Craig presents the Molinist position, which states that God exercises his meticulous sovereignty primarily his omniscience, specifically God plans the world factoring in the actions of free creatures utilizing what Molinists call "middle knowledge.Read more ›
Most Recent Customer Reviews
The very fact that there are Four Views based on Scripture that are articulated by these men, is a sign that there is balance to be had when approaching this topic. Read morePublished 2 months ago by Thomas Duell
...Not deeply enough Scriptural. This is not to say that the philosophies contained here-in are not important in their own right, but only that philosophy should be secondary to... Read morePublished 14 months ago by Jonathan E. Lewis
A good presentation of different theological views with rebuttals.Published 15 months ago by L. Osborne
A great handbook for those wishing to explore this difficult, oftentimes obtuse theological issue. All major perspectives are presented in organized and accessible essays.Published 16 months ago by Stephen F. Ashford
This scholarly treatment requires some study, but the effort is worthwhile. The essays detail nuances and differences between Calvinism, Arminianism, and Molinism.Published 16 months ago by Dennis L. Morgan
Top scholars on the topic; great that it has rebuttals and answers.Published 20 months ago by Rodrigues'
I have read over a dozen Counterpoint books, and this is by far the most difficult to understand (and I have two masters from Azusa and Bethel and a doctorate from Bethel... Read morePublished on August 11, 2014 by Alfonso Gilbert