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The Fourth Political Theory Paperback – July 20, 2012
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It put my doubts of Putin's authenticity to rest. I think Putin is too Russian to let Mother Russia be treated like a twenty buck whore by the Western NWO.
That's the quick and dirty way to put it. Dugin gives a more ideological explanation of why British liberalism won't go over in Russia without a war:
Classical Liberalism emerged with the 17th century enlightenment. It was about the liberation of the individual from the constraints imposed by theocracy and monarchy. So back then the 17th and 18th century liberals were concerned with obtaining freedoms that we took for granted in the 20th century.
Such things as social mobility through merit rather than class. Freedom of religion. Most important of all, laissez faire economics.
These are not the things that Dugin rejects, per se. The problem is that the impulse to liberation didn't stop while it was ahead. Postmodern LIberalism can't be satisfied with equal rights and opportunity regardless of race, sex or creed under the laws of state. Now they insist that the individual must be free of the constraints of natural law too. That's why - seemingly out of the blue - the US and NATO governments have become obsessed with trivial pursuits such as 'gender neutral' public toilets. That's why Hillary Clinton's personal mission as Secretary of State was applying pressure to force African and Muslim nations to impose gay marriage universally. Whether you or I are for or against these things in our own country isn't the point. Is it acceptable for the Liberal West to unilaterally dictate morals and mores to less powerful nations - because it 'can'?
Dugin nails it. That's exactly what's going on.
When you understand it's the late stage result of a long process of an ideology that doesn't know when to quit, everything going on begins to finally make sense.
This book, his magnum opus, is no different. Dugin thinks outside the box, and his ideas promulgated in this book are innovative. He writes with a clarity and honesty which is both provocative and illuminating. Even though written over ten years ago, is still relevant to and speaks about the present age.
Dugin’s premise is that three great political theories of the 20th Century have failed in one way or another.
The first failed political theory is Western Liberalism.
The second failed political theory is Communism.
The third failed political theory is Fascism.
While liberalism may have won the battle, it lost the war. The two driving forces in Western Liberalism — overemphasis on the individual and its systematic weaknesses due to its own inherent contradictions — have allowed the rise of neo-liberalism which Dugin indicates is destroying what is left of the ideology. While initially established to promote equality and freedom, it has produced the exact opposite. What is following the fall of communism is not a Brave New World ruled by neoliberal ideologues, but a protracted period of uncertainty, with no clear leading ideology. This instability is fueled also by what Dugin calls the “opponents to modernity,” which, had his book been written a few years later, would have included international terrorism.
With no opposing political system to constrain the contradictions inherent in the system, the neoconservative faction of liberalism has so skewed past political distinctions that Left and Right don’t mean anything anymore. Dugin remarks that libertarians and old-guard leftists start agreeing with each other. This is the territory of the Fourth Political Theory.
Dugin’s solution is the subject of this book, the Fourth Political Theory. Dugin’s thesis is not unlike the political alliance proposed recently Ralph Nader in his book, Unstoppable, the Emerging Left-Right Alliance. The only difference is that Dugin published his book ten years before Nader’s. The Fourth Political Theory accepts aspects of the previous three which are still viable and discards other concepts which prove unworkable or irrelevant. From Liberalism Dugin would eliminate the over-emphasis on the individual and keep its sense of freedom; from Communism Dugin would reject the material dialectic and retain its emphasis on class struggle but keep its remedies to alienation produced by Liberalism. Because its system is almost wholly based on virulent racism in one form or another, although that tendency is also shown in liberalism, Dugin would just eliminate Fascism altogether, keeping yet modifying its over-emphasis to nationalism to a general sense of community.
Roughly the last one-third of the book is devoted to related issues regarding Dugin’s current assessment of geopolitical matters. The argument follows standard Continental political thinking, and is interesting in its own right. The truly innovative stuff however is his call for the need to recognize and develop a Fourth Political Theory. This book and the theory it espouses are the incisive, stinging critique of the postmodern world, and very thought provoking.
First of all, this author is Putin's adviser, so we need to know where the thinking is coming from in the rest of the world.
Second, Dugin's political analysis applies just as well to the rest of the world.
Dugin says that we need a new political theory, that the 18th century liberalism that we have been operating from is no longer valid. He says that we should borrow from the past - religion and real values - and construct a new political theory that will engage these values and also update our societies to cope with the processes we now face. I agree with him. Liberalism grew out of the typographical era, when reading the printed word was king. We have long sense moved into the modern era of social media and computers and the Internet. We need to get to know one another better and quit regarding everyone as "the enemy of the month." This will entail electing political leaders that are more conscious of the global village and also the need for national identities as well. It's a good read and excellently translated. And it is an essential book!