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Introduction by Peter Gay
Translated and edited by Walter Kaufmann
Commentary by Martin Heidegger, Albert Camus, and Gilles Deleuze
One hundred years after his death, Friedrich Nietzsche remains the most influential philosopher of the modern era. Basic Writings of Nietzsche gathers the complete texts of five of Nietzsche’s most important works, from his first book to his last: The Birth of Tragedy, Beyond Good and Evil, On the Genealogy of Morals, The Case of Wagner, and Ecce Homo. Edited and translated by the great Nietzsche scholar Walter Kaufmann, this volume also features seventy-five aphorisms, selections from Nietzsche’s correspondence, and variants from drafts for Ecce Homo. It is a definitive guide to the full range of Nietzsche’s thought.
Includes a Modern Library Reading Group Guide
Beyond Good and Evil is one of the most remarkable and influential books of the nineteenth century. Like Thus Spoke Zarathustra, which had immediately preceded it, Beyond Good and Evil represents Nietzsche's attempt to sum up his philosophy—but in less flamboyant and more systematic form. The nine parts of the book are designed to give the reader a comprehensive idea of Nietzsche’s thought and style: they span "The Prejudices of Philosophers," "The Free Spirit," religion, morals, scholarship, "Our Virtues," "Peoples and Fatherlands," and "What is Noble," as well as chapter of epigrams and a concluding poem.
This translation by Walter Kaufmann—the first ever to be made in English by a philosopher—has become the standard one, for accuracy and fidelity to the eccentricities and grace of style of the original. Unlike other editions, in English or German, this volume offers an inclusive index of subjects and persons referred to in the book. Professor Kaufmann, the distinguished Nietzsche scholar, has also provided a running footnote commentary on the text.
A caustic criticism of nearly every philosophic predecessor and a challenge of traditionally held views on right and wrong, Friedrich Nietzsche’s Beyond Good and Evil paved the way for modern philosophical thought. Through nearly three hundred transformative aphorisms, Nietzsche presents a worldview in which neither truth nor morality are absolutes, and where good and evil are not opposites but counterparts that stem from the same desires.
Beyond Good and Evil was a foundational text for early twentieth-century thinkers, including philosophers, psychologists, novelists, and playwrights. Today’s readers will delight in Nietzsche’s pithy wit and irony while gaining a deeper understanding of his core ideology.
AmazonClassics brings you timeless works from iconic authors. Ideal for anyone who wants to read a great work for the first time or revisit an old favorite, these new editions open the door to the stories and ideas that have shaped our world.
Revised edition: Previously published as Beyond Good and Evil, this edition of Beyond Good and Evil (AmazonClassics Edition) includes editorial revisions.
'Enigmatic, vatic, emphatic, passionate . . . Nietzsche's works together make a unique statement in the literature of European ideas' A. C. Grayling
Nietzsche was one of the most revolutionary thinkers in Western philosophy, and Thus Spoke Zarathustra remains his most influential work. It describes how the ancient Persian prophet Zarathustra descends from his solitude in the mountains to tell the world that God is dead and that the Superman, the human embodiment of divinity, is his successor. With blazing intensity, Nietzsche argues that the meaning of existence is not to be found in religious pieties or meek submission, but in an all-powerful life force: passionate, chaotic and free.
Translated with an introduction by R. J. HOLLINGDALE
* Beautifully illustrated with images relating to Nietzsche’s life and works
* Concise introductions to the novels and other texts
* ALL the published books, with individual contents tables
* Images of how the books were first published, giving your eReader a taste of the original German texts
* Excellent formatting of the texts
* Includes rare translations of Nietzsche’s poetry
* Easily locate the poems you want to read
* Includes Nietzsche’s rare autobiography ‘Ecce Homo’
* Special criticism section, with essays evaluating Nietzsche’s contribution to modern thought
* Scholarly ordering of texts into chronological order and literary genres
Please note: there are no known translations in the public domain of a few early essays. When more translations become available, they will be added to the collection as a free update.
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The Philosophical Writings
HOMER AND THE CLASSICAL PHILOLOGY
ON THE FUTURE OF OUR EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS
THE GREEK STATE AND OTHER FRAGMENTS
THE RELATION BETWEEN A SCHOPENHAUERIAN PHILOSOPHY AND A GERMAN CULTURE
THE BIRTH OF TRAGEDY
ON TRUTH AND LIES IN A NONMORAL SENSE
PHILOSOPHY IN THE TRAGIC AGE OF THE GREEKS
THOUGHTS OUT OF SEASON
HUMAN, ALL TOO HUMAN
THE DAWN OF DAY
THE JOYFUL WISDOM
THUS SPOKE ZARATHUSTRA
BEYOND GOOD AND EVIL
THE GENEALOGY OF MORALS
THE CASE OF WAGNER
THE TWILIGHT OF THE IDOLS
NIETZSCHE CONTRA WAGNER
THE WILL TO POWER
LIST OF POEMS
LIST OF POEMS IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER
FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE by George Brandes
NIETZSCHE by John Cowper Powys
NIETZSCHE AND WAGNER by Arthur Johnstone
THE GERMAN WAR-TRIUMVIRATE by CHARLES SAROLEA
PROPHETS OF DISSENT: NIETZSCHE by Otto Heller
NIETZSCHE AND OTHER EXPONENTS OF INDIVIDUALISM by Paul Carus
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Walter Kaufmann's commentary, with its many quotations from previously untranslated letters, brings to life Nietzsche as a human being and illuminates his philosophy. The book contains some of Nietzsche's most sustained discussions of art and morality, knowledge and truth, the intellectual conscience and the origin of logic.
Most of the book was written just before Thus Spoke Zarathustra, the last part five years later, after Beyond Good and Evil. We encounter Zarathustra in these pages as well as many of Nietzsche's most interesting philosophical ideas and the largest collection of his own poetry that he himself ever published.
Walter Kaufmann's English versions of Nietzsche represent one of the major translation enterprises of our time. He is the first philosopher to have translated Nietzsche's major works, and never before has a single translator given us so much of Nietzsche.
Introduction by Maudemarie Clark
This new edition is the product of a collaboration between a Germanist and a philosopher who is also a Nietzsche scholar. The translation strives not only to communicate a sense of Nietzsche’s style but also to convey his meaning accurately—and thus to be an important advance on previous translations of this work. A superb set of notes ensures that Clark and Swensen’s Genealogy will become the new edition of choice for classroom use.
"Hackett’s On the Genealogy of Morality (we now have even the correct title!) may very well change the entire climate for reading Nietzsche in English—especially if read in conjunction with their equally splendid Twilight of the Idols. . . . Competing translations of Nietzsche’s late, utterly influential masterpieces have often made them a chore, rather than a delight, to read; and their introductions generally obscure, rather than illuminate, the texts’ situations. Clark and Swensen (and Polt and Strong) have made the Genealogy and Twilight accessible and exhilarating—while leaving them, as they are, enigmatic and problematic. Finally, readers of Nietzsche in English can—begin!”
—William Arctander O’Brien, University of California, San Diego
“This unique collaboration of an internationally renowned Nietzsche commentator and a scholar of German language and literature has yielded the finest existing edition of Nietzsche’s book in English. The translation itself strikes an intelligent balance between fidelity to the German and readability in English. It is especially welcome for bringing an historically and philosophically sensitive appreciation of Nietzsche to bear on translation issues. (The decision to translate Mitleid consistently as ‘compassion,’ instead of ‘pity’—thus emphasizing for the English-language reader Nietzsche’s opposition to Schopenhauer’s moral philosophy—is but one of many examples.) The Introduction is the most philosophically substantial guide to the Genealogy in any edition, and will be of value to both student and specialist. Most remarkable of all are the notes on the text: the wealth of biographical, historical, philosophical, and literary detail makes the volume the most informative and reader-friendly edition of Nietzsche’s work to date. The notes will also prove fascinating for the scholar, as the editors have tracked down the numerous contemporary scholarly sources on which Nietzsche relied in writing the Genealogy.”
—Brian Leiter, University of Texas at Austin
Nietzsche's first published book, The Birth of Tragedy is a compelling argument for the necessity of art in life
This landmark work of criticism is fuelled by Nietzsche's enthusiasms for Greek tragedy, the philosophy of Schopenhauer and the music of Wagner, to whom the book was dedicated. Nietzsche outlined a distinction between two central forces in art: the Apolline, representing beauty and order, and the Dionysiac, a primal or ecstatic reaction to the sublime. He believed the combination of these states produced the highest forms of music and tragic drama, which not only reveal the truth about suffering in life, but also provide a consolation for it. Impassioned and exhilarating in its conviction, The Birth of Tragedy has become a key text in European culture.
Translated by Shaun Whiteside
Edited by Michael Tanner
'One of the greatest books of a very great thinker' Michael Tanner
Beyond Good and Evil confirmed Nietzsche's position as the towering European philosopher of his age. The work dramatically rejects traditional Western thought with its notions of truth and God, good and evil. Nietzsche seeks to demonstrate that the Christian world is steeped in a false piety and infected with a 'slave morality'. With wit and energy, he turns from this critique to a philosophy that celebrates the present and demands that the individual impose their own 'will to power' upon the world.
Translated by R. J. HOLLINGDALE With an Introduction by MICHAEL TANNER
In Beyond Good and Evil, Nietzsche addresses deep philosophical concepts such as the truth, nobility, and morality. He attacks the dogmatism of traditional philosophy and advocates for a more experimental method towards philosophical exploration. Through 296 aphorisms, he weaves together a thought-provoking work that challenges traditions with his distinct yet mature point of view.
“There is no such thing as moral phenomena, but only a moral interpretation of phenomena”
“The vanity of others runs counter to our taste only when it runs counter to our vanity.”
“Madness is something rare in individuals — but in groups, parties, peoples, and ages, it is the rule.”
“The strength of a person's spirit would then be measured by how much 'truth' he could tolerate, or more precisely, to what extent he needs to have it diluted, disguised, sweetened, muted, falsified.”
The companion book to Beyond Good and Evil, the three essays included here offer vital insights into Nietzsche's theories of morality and human psychology.
Nietzsche claimed that the purpose of The Genealogy of Morals was to call attention to his previous writings. But in fact the book does much more than that, elucidating and expanding on the cryptic aphorisms of Beyond Good and Evil and signalling a return to the essay form. In these three essays, Nietzsche considers the development of ideas of 'good' and 'evil'; explores notions of guilt and bad consience; and discusses ascetic ideals and the purpose of the philosopher. Together, they form a coherent and complex discussion of morality in a work that is more accessible than some of Nietzsche's previous writings.
Friedrich Nietzsche was born near Leipzig in 1844. When he was only twenty-four he was appointed to the chair of classical philology at Basel University. From 1880, however, he divorced himself from everyday life and lived mainly abroad. Works published in the 1880s include The Gay Science, Thus Spoke Zarathustra, Beyond Good and Evil, On the Genealogy of Morals, Twilight of the Idols and The Antichrist. In January 1889, Nietzsche collapsed on a street in Turin and was subsequently institutionalized, spending the rest of his life in a condition of mental and physical paralysis. Works published after his death in 1900 include Will to Power, based on his notebooks, and Ecce Homo, his autobiography.
Michael A. Scarpitti is an independent scholar of philosophy whose principal interests include English and German thought of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, as well as exegesis and translation theory.
Robert C. Holub is currently Ohio Eminent Scholar and Professor of German at the Ohio State University. Among his published works are monographs on Heinrich Heine, German realism, Friedrich Nietzsche, literary and aesthetic theory, and Jürgen Habermas.