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The Two Fundamental Problems of Ethics (The Cambridge Edition of the Works of Schopenhauer) Paperback – March 27, 2014
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About the Author
- Item Weight : 15.9 ounces
- Paperback : 334 pages
- ISBN-10 : 1107414741
- ISBN-13 : 978-1107414747
- Dimensions : 5.99 x 0.76 x 9.02 inches
- Publisher : Cambridge University Press; Reprint edition (March 27, 2014)
- Language: : English
Best Sellers Rank:
#1,470,369 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
- #5,895 in Philosophy of Ethics & Morality
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The debate between free will and its lack of (determinism) has been, even till this day, for some still inconclusive. Although, in the ensuing arguments between the two opposing views, determinism has the edge by a long-shot. Determinism's primary argument is causality, determinists argue that if the world is cause and effect then everything necessarily follows henceforth, both complex and simple alike, the fact that we can't comprehend why somethings happen does not negate that it followed the cause-effect principle.
Schopenhauer, argues in favor of the deterministic point of view, and even goes so far as to claim that no person can ever be a true philosopher unless they figure the illusion behind freedom. Schopenhauer gets in detail about the intellect, consciousness and proving how deterministic all of humanity's affairs are, however, despite this, he does give some credit to free will, one argument being responsibility, if we did not have free will Schopenhauer argues, then why is it that we feel responsibility, he tries to argue against this by claiming that this is a pre-disposition of nature and makes an attempt to bring the argument back to causality, but yields to it and explains that this isn't something he entirely understands.
At the conclusion of the book, Schopenhauer, although highly deterministic does not entirely submit to determinism and ponders on the idea that there is perhaps a free-will within us that decides at one point in our livelihood as to what and who we will be and from thenceforth all our actions become deterministic just from that single choosing. Perhaps this is why he titled his work "The two fundamental problem of ethics" as this problem of free-will is very highly problematic and difficult to figure out. It is very easy subscribe to the idea of determinism as it makes highly reasonable points in a systematic manner. However, there will always be that shroud of doubt as was the case with Schopenhauer because we do not fully comprehend the entirety of life and human intellect itself is limited.
A good philosophical read 5/5