- Paperback: 230 pages
- Publisher: Peterson's; 3 edition (December 13, 2002)
- Language: English
- ISBN-10: 0768911737
- ISBN-13: 978-0768911732
- Product Dimensions: 7.3 x 9.2 x 0.5 inches
- Shipping Weight: 10.4 ounces (View shipping rates and policies)
- Average Customer Review: 32 customer reviews
- Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #1,899,282 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
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GMAT: Answers to the Real Essay Questions 3rd Edition
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While some business schools show little interest in the AWA (analytical writing assessment) portion of your GMAT, other schools use the results to help distinguish between the hundreds of students competing for placement in their programs. If your schools of choice consider AWA results when selecting students, you'll need to devote time to your essays as well as to your math and verbal skills. When you take your GMAT, the computer randomly selects two essay questions from its question bank. GMAT CAT: Answers to the Real Essay Questions can help you prepare for all of them. No book is allowed to publish the questions (though this book's appendix will tell you how to download the 180 official AWA questions from the EST's web site)-- but this book does provide you with sample answers to all 180 questions. The authors warn you not to try to use their answers on the exam, as the GMAT readers feel pretty strongly about plagiarism--instead, they provide you with tools to help you compose your own high-scoring GMAT essays and a "scorecard" to help you score your practice essays. The book also offers advice on how to answer both the "analysis of an issue" and "analysis of an argument" questions, and truly practical information about the basic structure of the exam and even the word-processing program you'll be using on your test. Filled with such useful advice, GMAT CAT: Answers to the Real Essay Questions would be a great addition to the serious student's GMAT preparation. --C.B. Delaney --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.
About the Author
Mark Alan Stewart is a California-based test-prep coach and the author of several ARCO guides for the GRE, GMAT, and LSAT.
Frederick J. O'Toole, Ph.D., and Linda Bomstad, Ph.D., are professors of philosophy at California State Polytechnic University in San Luis Obispo, California. --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.
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this book :
ETS has a Criterion Online Essay Evaluation Service, a Web-based
program for students seeking to practice writing. It combines
automated essay scoring with instructional feedback in basic
grammar, usage, style and organization.
According to the Educational Testing Service, 104,000
students and 2,700 teachers are using Criterion in 535
schools, primarily in the United States; four-fifths are
middle or high school students, and the remainder are at
colleges or universities. Such schools hope that Criterion
will help students improve their writing scores on
standardized tests, although some educators are not
convinced the technology will necessarily make them better
The automated essay scoring engine behind Criterion, called
e-rater, has been used to score more than 1.5 million
essays on the Graduate Management Admission Test, or GMAT,
in tandem with human readers. The machine score and the
human score are in agreement 97 percent to 98 percent of
"Our aim is that the system agrees with a human reader as
often as two human readers agree with each other," said
Jill Burstein, a computational linguist at the Educational
Testing Service and the leader of the team that developed
e-rater. "The goal is to simulate the human score."
E-rater cannot read or judge an essay's quality but uses
statistical analysis to determine which linguistic features
are characteristic of each human scoring level, typically
on a scale from 1 to 6.
For example, a high score almost always contains topically
relevant vocabulary, a variety of sentence structures, and
the use of cue terms like "in summary," for example, and
"because" to organize an argument. By analyzing 50 of these
features in a sampling of essays on a particular topic that
were scored by human beings, the system can accurately
predict how the same human readers would grade additional
essays on the same topic.
To develop a model, e-rater must be trained on 450 to 500
essay responses scored by two professional readers based on
a rigorous scoring guide. "If the human scoring is
inaccurate, e-rater will make an inaccurate judgment on the
writer," said Marisa Farnum, the writing assessment
specialist and product manager for Criterion at the testing
service. "It's only as good as the human scoring it learns
A model can be developed for any type of writing that lends
itself to consistent, reliable scoring. "If you can get
human experts to agree, you can get the computer to do it,"
said Richard Swartz, the executive director of the testing
service research unit that developed Criterion. Typically
the system is used to grade only the expository or
persuasive topics that dominate standardized assessment.
The testing service recognizes that e-rater could yield a
high score on an essay with a well-written but illogical
argument. "Right now, e-rater looks at an essay like a bag
of words," Dr. Burstein said. "If you use the right words,
you could in theory get a good score without the argument
necessarily making sense, because it's not at this point
tracking a logical line of argumentation."
But Dr. Burstein points out that deliberately fooling the
system is unrealistic, given the time it takes to do so.
Normally, she said, test takers "give their best attempt at
what they can do, and then you get reasonable, reliable
I scored a 6.0 using the aforementioned New York Times article
dated 4th September, 2003.
Now decide whether you really need the book ?
The [$$]I spent on this book would have been better spent buying into a question bank at Kaplan or something. This part of the GMAT is no big deal, schools generally use these scores only if you wrote an amazing entrance essay but scored a 1 on this section. They just want to see consistency between your score and your entrance essays. Overlook the question list from ETS and save your money.
Most recent customer reviews
if you have enough time, read the book because it will give you an idea...Read more