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Globalization and Austerity Politics in Latin America (Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics) Paperback – March 14, 2013
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"Today's integrated capital markets provide great opportunities for, and impose tight constraints on, governments in the developing world. In Globalization and Austerity Politics in Latin America, Stephen Kaplan provides a careful analysis of how and why Latin American governments have responded to the contemporary international economic environment. He shows, with cross-national statistical analysis and careful case studies, that governments respond to both international financial and domestic political pressures. Globalization can constrain national policies, but it does so within a domestic political context. This is a careful, thoughtful study that will be of great interest to scholars and students of Latin America, and of the political economy of development more generally." - Jeffry Frieden, Harvard University
"Why have governments on the left in Latin America adopted surprisingly conservative macroeconomic policies? Kaplan offers a sophisticated explanation of when and why we have seen this shift. By focusing on the internal political dynamics of financial market actors, he makes a convincing - yet nuanced - argument about the power of bond markets to shape government policies in a globalized world." - Kathleen McNamara, Georgetown University
"In an era of financial openness, some developing countries enjoy more autonomy vis-...-vis capital markets than others. Why? Stephen Kaplan convincingly suggests that the ways in which governments finance their debt and the ways in which political elites view their country's economic history both play a role. In nations that have experienced inflationary crises and that borrow via bonds (rather than from banks), conditions are ripe for a 'political austerity cycle.' Kaplan's analysis points to the importance of both ideational and material factors, and of both domestic and international forces, on elites' behavior in contemporary Latin America." - Layna Mosley, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
"In this deeply insightful and original book, Stephen Kaplan not only offers a fresh interpretation of how global financial markets constrain domestic policy makers in developing countries, but he explains the conditions under which these constraints are more or less confining. This is a first-rate contribution to the study of the political economy of democracy and development, and it breaks new ground in understanding how domestic policy choices are conditioned by international financial dependence." - Kenneth M. Roberts, Cornell University
In an age of financial globalization, are markets and democracy compatible? The book explores the effect of financial globalization on Latin American economic policymaking. It investigates why left-leaning politicians from countries with high poverty and wage inequality often adopt conservative, market-oriented policies. Employing a multi-method research strategy that includes country studies from Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, and Venezuela, the book investigates how relations between international creditors and national debtors affect economic policy choices. It finds that high bond market indebtedness and a history of inflation crises make austerity more likely, even during periods of political survival.
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