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Ideology and Economic Reform Under Deng: 1978-1993 0th Edition
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Zhang examines the period 1978 - 1993 and aims to explore the juxtaposition of ideological currents and economic reforms that took place beneath the guiding light of Deng Xiaoping .It starts with a brief introduction that focuses on the relevance of ideology in China in the post-Mao era arguing that, in the era of reform, Ideology is still a very important topic because ideological orientations have influenced policy preferences, which undoubtedly, has had a marked effect on China's modernization path. Zhang (1996: 3) breaks the study into three important groups of questions which are: What have been China's ideological trends since 1978 and Why?; How have these ideological trends influenced China's economic reforms and why?; and what conclusions can be reached on the role of ideology in economic reform during Deng's period of influence?
After the introduction, Zhang uses a chronological format in his study breaking the chapters down into timeframes, or "cycles".Read more ›
Neither Chinese liberals and conservatives abandon the Party in their pursuit of change - thus, ideology has become an important vehicle for communicating regime values to Party members and the whole population. Legitimacy of the government never solely relies on practical accomplishments, but also relies on ethical and moral power. Ideological renovations tend to be presented within a Marxist framework. Reformers led by Deng have attempted to gradually transform orthodox doctrine into a more elastic and pro-business ideology which retains some essential socialist values. Thus, Deng's 'socialism with Chinese characteristics.'
China population grew from 575 million in 1952 to 975 million in 1978. After Mao's 1976 death, the Cultural Revolution Left was led by Mao's chosen successor Hua Guofeng, and intended the revive the ideological and charismatic authority that had characterized Maoism - 'upholding whatever policy decisions Chairman Mao made, steadfastly carrying out policy decisions Chairman Mao made.' Hua had no ideas of his own, a fact pointed out by Deng in 1989. Public outcry for change was high and Hua instead stressed 'continuity;' Deng understood that the crisis provided a major catalyst for change and seized the opportunity as he had tried (was exiled) in 1975.Read more ›