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Independent Birth of Organisms. A New Theory that Distinct Organisms Arose Independently from the Primordial Pond, Showing that Evolutionary Theories are Fundamentally Incorrect Hardcover – August, 1994
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There is no scientific theory that has ever been propounded to explain the origin and diversity of organisms on earth that does not involve evolution. Independent Birth of Organisms is the first ever written book that proposes a new theory for the origin and diversity of life on earth without involving evolution in any manner. It explains how all of the existing molecular, organismal and fossil evidence supports this revolutionary new theory, and it easily accommodates all of the contra-evolution evidence that has dogged evolutionists since Darwin. This is the only theory that can explain both the commonality and distinctions among organisms. How can a complex organism come about essentially from earth itself? Can even the human species originate directly from a primordial pond? Can life and organisms more advanced than us exist in other star systems in the Universe? The book shows that the answer is yes to all these questions. The book also shows how Charles Darwin's theory of the Origin of Species is fundamentally incorrect, showing where Darwin went wrong. -- The Author
About the Author
Dr. Periannan Senapathy is president and CEO of Genome International Corporation, a biotechnology R&D firm in Madison, Wisconsin, that develops computational analysis tools for advanced genome research, and Genome Technologies, LLC., that develops technology for large-scale genome sequencing. Prior to founding GIC and GT, Senapathy spent ten years engaged in genome research for the National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland (1980-87), and the University of Wisconsin-Madison (1987-90). Throughout his career, he has regularly published his research findings in various scientific journals.
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Senapathy's theory can be taken in two parts: an explanation for the origin of life, and an explanation for the diversification of life. These two parts form a coherent whole united by the basic thesis that life originated by random combinations and recombinations of genetic material in a primordial genetic soup, with only (relatively) slight subsequent modification of the resulting organisms. The style meets the layman where he is, but does not leave him there, educating the reader by painless, even enjoyable, degrees into an understanding of the issues involved in such a theory.
One aspect of Senapathy's theory which particularly intrigues me is that it is a remarkable example of lateral thinking (something I'm not all that good at and therefore admire all the more), which, incidentally, further distinguishes Senapathy from creationists. As I understand it, creationism has tried to discard the following assumption: if organisms are morphologically parallel, they must be genetically related. Rejecting that can be pretty difficult to defend, to say the least, when the evidence is closely examined. Senapathy differs from creationists in that he accepts that all organisms are genetically related, and that this relationship is manifest in morphological similarity, but he rejects a different assumption. The assumption is this: if organisms are genetically related, they must have a common ancestor. Senapathy demonstrates (brilliantly, it seems to me) that organisms can be genetically related without a common ancestor and indeed must be related without a common ancestor because they are genetically related and at the same time genetically unrelated in a way that defies the scenario of common descent.
This theory is not, and does not pretend to be, Gospel truth; as with all scientific theories, it will be subject to change. The book does make a strong case, however that this is to date the explanation for the diversification of life best supported by scientific data. More involved technical debates and discussions have already begun subsequent to the publication of this book, and will be necessary to flesh out the theory in satisfying detail for specialists. But as a seminal work, this book is first rate.
This is quite a stunning book, swimming against the tide of Darwinian evolution. The best part is that he is not trying to make the Bible the be all to end all.
The main point is that the whole ball of wax started in the swamp, with organisms developing into what they were from their Deoxyribonucleic Acid. He figures that once an organism has something that can survive and procreate, it does not change the original DNA. The DNA stays as it is come heck or high water. I liked his development of his theory. There are a lot of problems with Darwin's theory and this takes a lot of them and makes them right.
Now, there is talk of DNA in the ground and water that bacteria pick up and use to survive antibiotics. I find it interesting that it happens and it sort of makes what this book says, true and false. The DNA is not forever, but can be adapted to the environment to an extent. Bacteria will not become moles or mice, but they can use this random DNA to help themselves procreate.
- Indeed, Senapathy's theory essentially is a theory of random adaptation, the accidental origin of complexity, in other words: the Boeing-747 argument.
In Antiquity basically two solutions for the origin of organisms were developed: design and accident. The creationists Socrates and Plato argued for design. The Atomists Empedocles and Epicurus argued for accident. The atomists needed an infinite universe to explain why accident could produce highly improbable adaptations such as the eye.
Charles Darwin (1859) improved the 'accident theory' by eliminating the huge improbabilities and replacing them by natural selection. The result was that the need for infinite time and space were eliminated.
Senapathy (1994) solution is non-creationist and non-Darwinist. But he does not invoke an infinite universe and infinite time, so he bears the full burden of the Boeing-747 argument, and at the same time he dismisses the greatest improvement since Antiquity of the atomist theory: common descent, gradual evolution, natural selection and random variation. Therefore, he has all the disadvantages of the 'accident theory' and must do without all the advantages of Darwinian evolution. Sadly, and unfortunately, that is the status of Senapathy's theory. For those interested in the details and the reasons, I wrote an extensive book review, which can be found on my website (use google).
In the Amzon bookdescription the author Senapathy described his own book as:
"There is no scientific theory that has ever been propounded to explain the origin and diversity of organisms on earth that does not involve evolution."
After David Sedley (2007) 'Creationism and its Critics in Antiquity'
Creationism and Its Critics in Antiquity (Sather Classical Lectures)
we know for sure that Senapathy's claim to be the first to develop a non-creationist and non-evolutionary explanation of the origin of species, is wrong.
The philosophers of Antiquity, discussed already issues that we today call the Creation-Evolution controversy. The Atomists were the first to develop a naturalistic explanation of the universe and the origin of species. It is clearly the merit of philosopher Sedley to show this to us.