- Hardcover: 229 pages
- Publisher: Courage Books (August 18, 1996)
- Language: English
- ISBN-10: 1561386367
- ISBN-13: 978-1561386369
- Product Dimensions: 1 x 9.5 x 10.5 inches
- Shipping Weight: 2.5 pounds
- Average Customer Review: 16 customer reviews
- Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #7,492,618 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
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J.R.R. Tolkien: Architect of Middle Earth Hardcover – August 18, 1996
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But the author's errors aren't confined to Middle Earth:
Bournemouth isn't (and never has been) in Devon, you can't go 'along' the Carfax, Christopher Tolkien was a don at New College, not University College. Oxford doesn't have four teaching terms a year, the colleges don't award degrees, Exeter College isn't adjacent to Balliol...
He doesn't even know that the pound sign precedes the amount. He has apparently looked at a map of Oxford, but never been there. Indeed, the book reads as though he had never been to Britain.
I agree with the other reviewers: save your money.
That is not to say that the book is all bad (hence the two stars) . Lacking the goodwill and blessings of the Tolkien Estatein writing this book, (that was given to the much praised Humphrey Carpenter,) he ends up basing it upon other writings, a few interviews of Tolkien fans and friends, and a large amount of guesswork, so he does a decent job of establishing Tolkien's early life and getting a few of the good professor's friends and old students to make a quote here and there.He also tells an interesting and factual (!!) tale of The Lord of the Rings' first print run and its subsequent print history. So far so good huh?
The problems start to arise almost at the begining when Grotta states that Tolkien was exceedingly lazy and noncommital, flitting from one project to another, hopelessly muddling things. While there is some degree of truth to this,there is no way anyone can say that these exaggerated terms are true.When you are a highly respected childrens author, , almost unarguably the best writer of English literature in this century, one of the highest decorated professors of language in western culture, and you create an entire world with history and multiple languages along with it, you don't really find time to be lazy.
Also, as in almost every other review of this book, Grotta shows a definate grudge against the Tolkien Estate, not pulling any punches when he mentions it. It is understandable that one might be hurt at the rejection, but hey, it is their choice who gets access to Estate holdings. You don't just let anyone who comes along wanting to write a biography have total and free access to your things, do you?
I will give him some slack because the main bulk of his text was written and published before the Silmarillion was released. This glaringly shows throughout the book though. He later (in a subsequent printing) includes a chapter about the Silmarillion, but he never goes back and fixes his inferrences about the early histories of Middle Earth. He says that there wasn't any evil before the creation of the world, but in the Silmarillion, the first part tells how Morgoth came to be before the creation! There are many more like this.
Another annoyance is in his new chapter on the Silmarillion, you can see that he just skimmed it, or maybe he just bought the cliff-notes. He makes out the Valequenta to be a lesser, almost nonessential work, (is he insane?), and the only real description of any of the stories found within is of Beren and Luthien. He does a quick and ugly job of it, making it sound rather boring, meanwhile he keeps saying that Thingol (the king and father of Luthien) is really Luthien's brother! Arrrggg.....
But one of the most glaring irresponsabilities is this, taking Christopher Tolkien's name and rubbing it around in the dirt. Grotta puts him down at almost every chance. He claims that Christopher actally rewrote huge sections of manuscript (in the Silmarillion), and that it could obviously be told because they weren't worded the way that Tolkien did in his other works, saying they were much more ameturish. Sorry bud, but there isn't any bit of ameture within any of his books, and there was never any intention of it being written in the same style. Actually, most of it was rewritten by Tolkien himself in an effort to fit in with his now published works (Hobbit and LOTR), and at the same time to condense it to a more readable narrative style, because the original works were to large to all be published together. He later goes on to say that he hopes that Cristopher doesn't have any intentions of writing his own fictions, Middle Earth or otherwise, because we can now see how poorly he writes. Ouch! On another note about Christopher, Grotta slips into calling him Tolkien as if it were his father's name, making for total confusion if your not paying close attention.
Another danger point of this book is the choice of artwork. Once again someone has taken the Hilderbrandt brothers' art and strewn it chaotically across the pages of a book. I guess it is rather fitting though that an irresponsibly written book should have irresponsible paintings. I know that these are just their interpetations, but come on, we don't have to make them so popular. Most of their work looks like it belongs in a children's fairy tale, which would be alright for the hobbit maybe, but perhaps they should have taken a que from Tolkien and when he changed his style to epic writing, they should have followed suit with epic paintings.Thay also seem to have a poor eye for the proper details, painting peoples and castles as if Tolkien didn't descibe them properly.
My final word is to avoid it at almost all costs, unless you find a cheap copy like I did to at least make the booksheves look nice.
But the author gets into trouble in the few parts where he attempts to discuss the content of LotR. You can't take seriously an analysis of Lord of the Rings by somebody who gets Moria and Mordor mixed up. There is a discussion of Christian themes in LotR which is interesting until Grotta makes the fantastic statement "Without a spiritual being in Tolkien's mythology who closely conforms to the Biblical archetype of the Devil (Sauron was a flesh and blood creature)...". Huh? The story of Melkor/Morgoth's fall in THE SILMARILLION exactly conforms to the story of Satan's fall and Melkor/Morgoth has exactly the role of Satan. Moreover, many readers of LotR -- including the ones who make a big-budget movie trilogy out of it -- would disagree that Sauron in the Third Age was a "flesh and blood creature". Likewise, later Grotta mentions that Thingol was Luthien's brother, although these are major characters in THE SILMARILLION and the father-daughter relation is very clear and important. None of these mistakes are small details; they show that Grotta isn't really very familiar at all with Tolkien's writings.
But as an easy-to-read overview of Tolkien's life, this book is fine.
Most recent customer reviews
The book left me with two impressions.Read more