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The Java¿ EE 5 Tutorial (3rd Edition) 3rd Edition

2.9 out of 5 stars 13 customer reviews
ISBN-13: 078-5342490299
ISBN-10: 0321490290
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Editorial Reviews

About the Author

Eric Jendrock leads Sun's Java EE Tutorial and Java WSIT Tutorial teams.

Jennifer Ball has documented JavaServer Faces technology, the Java2D API, deploytool, and JAXB.

Debbie Carson documents the Java EE, Java SE, and Java WSIT platforms.

Ian Evans documents the Java EE and Java Web Services platforms, and edits Java EE platform specifications.

Scott Fordin has written numerous articles and Sun guidebooks on Java, XML, and web service technologies.

Kim Haase documents the Java EE platform and Java Web Services, including Java Message Service (JMS), Java API for XML Registries (JAXR), and the SAAJ.

Excerpt. © Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved.

About This Tutorial

This tutorial is a guide to developing enterprise applications for the Java Platform, Enterprise Edition 5 (Java EE 5). Here we cover all the things you need to know to make the best use of this tutorial.

Who Should Use This Tutorial

This tutorial is intended for programmers who are interested in developing and deploying applications on the Sun Java System Application Server Platform Edition 9.

Prerequisites

Before proceeding with this tutorial, you should have a good knowledge of the Java programming language. A good way to get to that point is to work through The Java&38482; Tutorial, Fourth Edition, Sharon Zakhour et al. (Addison-Wesley, 2006). You should also be familiar with the relational database features described in JDBC API Tutorial and Reference, Third Edition, Maydene Fisher et al. (Addison-Wesley, 2003).

How to Read This Tutorial

The Java EE 5 platform is quite large, and this tutorial reflects this. However, you don't have to digest everything in it at once. The tutorial has been divided into parts to help you navigate the content more easily.

This tutorial opens with an introductory chapter, which you should read before proceeding to any specific technology area. Chapter 1 covers the Java EE 5 platform architecture and APIs along with the Sun Java System Application Server Platform Edition 9.

When you have digested the basics, you can delve into one or more of the five main technology areas listed next. Because there are dependencies between some of the chapters, the following list contains a roadmap for navigating through the tutorial.

  • The web-tier technology chapters cover the components used in developing the presentation layer of a Java EE 5 or stand-alone web application:
  • Java Servlet
  • JavaServer Pages (JSP)
  • JavaServer Pages Standard Tag Library (JSTL)
  • JavaServer Faces
  • Web application internationalization and localization
  • The web services technology chapters cover the APIs used in developing standard web services:
  • The Java API for XML-based Web Services (JAX-WS)
  • The Java API for XML Binding (JAXB)
  • The Streaming API for XML (StAX)
  • The SOAP with Attachments API for Java (SAAJ)
  • The Java API for XML Registries (JAXR)
  • The Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB) technology chapters cover the components used in developing the business logic of a application:
  • Session beans
  • Message-driven beans
  • The Persistence technology chapters cover the Java Persistence API, which is used for accessing databases from Java EE applications:
  • Introduction to the Java Persistence API
  • Persistence in the Web Tier
  • Persistence in the EJB Tier
  • The Java Persistence Query Language
  • The platform services chapters cover the system services used by all the Java EE 5 component technologies:
  • Transactions
  • Resource connections
  • Security
  • Java Message Service
  • The Connector architecture

After you have become familiar with some of the technology areas, you are ready to tackle the case studies, which tie together several of the technologies discussed in the tutorial. The Coffee Break Application describes an application that uses the web application and web services APIs. The Duke's Bank Application describes an application that employs web application technologies, enterprise beans, and the Java Persistence API.

Finally, the appendix contains information about Java encoding schemes that may be helpful to the Java EE 5 application developer.

About the Examples

This section tells you everything you need to know to install, build, and run the examples.

Required Software

The following software is required to run the examples.

Tutorial Bundle

The tutorial example source is contained in the tutorial bundle. If you are viewing this online, you need to click on the Download link at the top of any page.

After you have installed the tutorial bundle, the example source code is in the INSTALL›/javaeetutorial5/examples/ directory, with subdirectories for each of the technologies discussed in the tutorial.

Application Server

The Sun Java System Platform Application Server Platform Edition 9 is targeted as the build and runtime environment for the tutorial examples. To build, deploy, and run the examples, you need a copy of the Application Server and Java 2 Platform, Standard Edition 5.0 (J2SE 5.0). If you already have a copy of the J2SE SDK, you can download the Application Server from: http://java.sun.com/javaee/downloads/index.html

You can also download the Java EE 5 SDK--which contains the Application Server and the J2SE SDK--from the same site.

Application Server Installation Tips

In the Admin configuration pane of the Application Server installer:

  • Select the Don't Prompt for Admin User Name radio button. This will save the user name and password so that you won't need to provide them when performing administrative operations with asadmin. You will still have to provide the user name and password to log in to the Admin Console.
  • Note the HTTP port at which the server is installed. This tutorial assumes that you are accepting the default port of 8080. If 8080 is in use during installation and the installer chooses another port or if you decide to change it yourself, you will need to update the common build properties file (described in the next section) and the configuration files for some of the tutorial examples to reflect the correct port.

In the Installation Options pane, check the Add Bin Directory to PATH checkbox so that Application Server scripts (asadmin, wsimport, wsgen, xjc, and schemagen) override other installations.

NetBeans 5.5

The NetBeans integrated development environment (IDE) is a free, open-source IDE for developing Java applications, including enterprise applications. NetBeans 5.5 supports the Java EE 5 platform. You can build, package, deploy, and run the tutorial examples from within NetBeans 5.5, which you can download at http://www.netbeans.org/downloads/index.html. For information on creating enterprise applications in NetBeans 5.5, see http://www.netbeans.org/kb/55/index.html.

Apache Ant

Ant is a Java technology-based build tool developed by the Apache Software Foundation (http://ant.apache.org), and is used to build, package, and deploy the tutorial examples. Ant is included with the Application Server. To use the ant command, add JAVAEE_HOME›/lib/ant/bin to your PATH environment variable.

Registry Server

You need a registry server to run the examples discussed in Chapter 19. Instructions for obtaining and setting up a registry server are provided in Chapter 19.

Building the Examples

The tutorial examples are distributed with a configuration file for either NetBeans 5.5 or Ant. Directions for building the examples are provided in each chapter. Either NetBeans 5.5 or Ant may be used to build, package, deploy, and run the examples.

Building the Examples Using NetBeans 5.5

To run the tutorial examples in NetBeans 5.5, you must register your Application Server installation as a NetBeans Server Instance. Follow these instructions to register the Application Server in NetBeans 5.5.

  1. Select Tools→Server Manager to open the Server Manager dialog.
  2. Click Add Server.
  3. Under Server, select Sun Java System Application Server and click Next.
  4. Under Platform Location, enter the location of your Application Server installation.
  5. Select Register Local Default Domain and click Next.
  6. Under Admin Username and Admin Password, enter the admin name and password you specified while installing the Application Server.
  7. Click Finish.

Building the Examples on the Command-Line Using Ant

Build properties common to all the examples are specified in the build.properties file in the INSTALL›/javaeetutorial5/examples/bp-project/ directory. You must create this file before you can run the examples. We've included a sample file, build.properties.sample, that you should rename to build.properties and edit to reflect your environment. The tutorial examples use the Java BluePrints (http://java.sun.com/reference/blueprints/) build system and application layout structure.

To run the Ant scripts, you must set common build properties in the file INSTALL› /javaeetutorial5/examples/bp-project/build.properties as follows:

  • Set the javaee.home property to the location of your Application Server installation. The build process uses the javaee.home property to include the libraries in JAVAEE_HOME›/lib/ in the classpath. All examples that run on the Application Server include the Java EE library archive--JAVAEE_HOME›/lib/javaee.jar--in the build classpath. Some examples use additional libraries in JAVAEE_HOME›/lib/; the required libraries are enumerated in the individual technology chapters. JAVAEE_HOME refers to the directory where you have installed the Application Server.
    Note: On Windows, you must escape any backslashes in the javaee.home property with another backslash or use forward slashes as a path separator. So, if your Application Server installation is C:\Sun\AppServer, you must set javaee.home as follows:

    javaee.home = C:\\Sun\\AppServer

    or

    javaee.home=C:/Sun/AppServer
  • Set the javaee.tutorial.home property to the location of your tutorial. This property is used for Ant deployment and undeployment.
  • For example, on UNIX:

    javaee.tutorial.home=/home/username/javaeetutorial5

    On Windows:

    javaee.tutorial.home=C:/javaeetutorial5


  • Do not install the tutorial to a location with spaces in the path.

  • If you did not use the default value (admin) for the admin user, set the admin.user property to the value you specified when you installed the Application Server.
  • If you did not use port 8080, set the domain.resources.port property to the value specified when you installed the Application Server.
  • Set the admin user's password in the admin-password.txt file in the INSTALL›/javaeetutorial5/examples/common/ directory to the value you specified when you installed the Application Server. The format of this file is AS_ADMIN_PASSWORD = password . For example:

    AS_ADMIN_PASSWORD = mypassword

Tutorial Example Directory Structure

To facilitate iterative development and keep application source separate from compiled files, the tutorial examples use the Java BluePrints application directory structure.

Each application module has the following structure:

  • build.xml: Ant build file
  • src/java: Java source files for the module
  • src/conf: configuration files for the module, with the exception of web applications
  • web: JSP and HTML pages, style sheets, tag files, and images
  • web/WEB-INF: configuration files for web applications
  • nbproject: NetBeans project files

Examples that have multiple application modules packaged into an enterprise application archive (or EAR) have submodule directories that use the following naming conventions:

  • EXAMPLE_NAME›-app-client: Application clients
  • EXAMPLE_NAME›-ejb: Enterprise bean JARs
  • EXAMPLE_NAME›-war: web applications

The Ant build files (build.xml) distributed with the examples contain targets to create a build subdirectory and to copy and compile files into that directory; a dist subdirectory, which holds the packaged module file; and a client-jar directory, which holds the retrieved application client JAR.

Further Information

This tutorial includes the basic information that you need to deploy applications on and administer the Application Server.

See the Sun Java™ System Application Server Platform Edition 9 Developer's Guide at http://docs.sun.com/doc/819-3659 for information about developer features of the Application Server.

See the Sun Java™ System Application Server Platform Edition 9 Administration Guide at http://docs.sun.com/doc/819-3658 for information about administering the Application Server.

For information about the Java DB database included with the Application Server see the Apache web site at http://db.apache.org/derby.

Typographical Conventions

Typographical conventions used in this tutorial are listed below.

  • italic: Emphasis, titles, first occurrence of terms
  • monospace: URLs, code examples, file names, path names, tool names, application names, programming language keywords, tag, interface, class, method, and field names, properties
  • italic monospace : Variables in code, file paths, and URLs
  • italic monospace ›: User-selected file path components

Menu selections indicated with the right-arrow character →, for example, First→ Second, should be interpreted as: select the First menu, then choose Second from the First submenu.

Feedback

To send comments, broken link reports, errors, suggestions, and questions about this tutorial to the tutorial team, please use the feedback form at http://java.sun.com/javaee/5/docs/tutorial/information/sendusmail.html.

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Product Details

  • Paperback: 1360 pages
  • Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional; 3 edition (November 13, 2006)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0321490290
  • ISBN-13: 978-0321490292
  • Product Dimensions: 7.4 x 2 x 9.2 inches
  • Shipping Weight: 4.5 pounds (View shipping rates and policies)
  • Average Customer Review: 2.9 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (13 customer reviews)
  • Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #3,262,594 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

Customer Reviews

Top Customer Reviews

By S. Umamaheswarampillai on September 21, 2007
Format: Paperback
The book description says "This book takes a task-oriented, example-driven approach to show you how to build applications for the Java EE 5 platform."

That is a very misleading half truth. You would expect step by step instructions to write and deploy simple examples. Well the authors have decided to take a short cut instead. They say 'Here is a nice little example we have written the other day. And we will just tell you how to deploy and run it!. True, they 'discuss' the code in the text. But obviously that is not as good as guiding you through the process of building and deploying from scratch. As a result, you have to learn some stuff the hard way by struggling with error messages (for example how to set up library references in netbeans when creating Application Clients or how to edit the build.properties before using ant to create JMS resources etc are not mentioned)
In the preface you get a 'road map' diagram to help you 'navigate' through the tutorial. But that doesn't tell the whole story.For example the diagram doesn't really tell you that to learn about Message driven beans (which is around the in the middle of the book) you should first learn JMS( which is near the end of the book) Too many forward references makes this very difficult to use.

I am not saying it is completely useless. With a little pain and some googling you can stumble through this stuff very slowly. But it just could be an awful lot better.

Sun says they have simplified JEE so much with version 5. If that is so why can't they write a complete tutorial that readers new to JEE can read and work through step by step? The biggest criticism leveled against JEE is that it is too complex. By writing a better tutorial Sun can go a long way towards making JEE easier to use.
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Format: Kindle Edition
This book makes sense only if you already know Java EE, but in that case you don't need it. One of the worst tutorial I've ever seen. Wasted a lot of time trying to understand what it says, but that's so hard because it keeps referring to concepts that are be not covered until later chapters (forward referencing). The examples are working, but no clear explanation on what each of them does, how to reassemble them, etc. No step by step guide. Even concepts aren't explained well enough.
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Format: Paperback
Thats a nice Book! the problem is this book is not portable like the java language. I sugest you to read the pdf before buy this book, so, if you like it, then purchase it. The pdf in the sun's site is equals this book, but for me is unbearable to read much time on PC.
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Format: Paperback
"The Java EE 5 Tutorial" is the official tutorial covering all the Java EE technologies.

"As part of Sun's 'The Java Series' this book has the same content as you can find online. Why buy a book you can get for free? Convenience!! You can take it anywhere and read it anytime." - Dave Vick - JavaRanch Review of the J2EE 1.4 version of this book. They eliminated the best part of a hardcopy! At 1300 pages, The Java EE 5 book is too heavy to carry around conveniently. (the 1.4 edition was less than 600 pages) I think it is time to split this book into two volumes. Maybe right after the 500 pages on the front end.

Other things I disliked:

It wasn't clear what was new in Java EE 5.

As in past editions, it reads better online than printed.

There are extensive forward references and lots of repetition. For example, chapter 16 repeats the six steps to open a NetBeans project 12 times!

Many examples didn't explain how/why to do something - like whether to call a web service directly from a JSP.

Most examples used Java 5 syntax inconsistently. It looked like Sun recommends using generics for collections, but precious little else from Java 5.

There were good diagrams and charts and good case studies along with several excellent chapters. Overall, I would say to read the pieces you are interested in online and spend your money on a different book.
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I'm very disappointed in this book. It conveys little in the way of what goes in to the development, and deployment, of J2EE applications. You're left scratching your head, wondering, how a J2EE app.' went from code to production. There is no continuity in their step-by-step process (i.e. process of developing and deploying an EJB, etc.). It would've been nice if they talked more about descriptors and creating Ant files to deploy J2EE apps, but instead they rely on NetBeans. This book is another example of the industry spewing out trash just to make a buck!
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It's a book written by the technical writers. People who have no idea, what they are talking about, what things are important and what are not. It goes on and on and on about the useless details and misses the important things.
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There is a new version available of this book. It was updated in October of 2008 and, best of all, it's a free download. Just google "The Java EE 5 Tutorial" and you'll find it on Sun's website. It's also available as a PDF.
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