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Jesus, Last of the Pharaohs: The Israelite pharaohs of Egypt (Egyptian Testament) (Volume 1) Paperback – May 1, 1998
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Here are my problems with this book:
-He states that Abraham and Jacob were pharaohs in the Hyksos era. This is impossible- first of all, Abraham was Sumerian(nobility); also, they lived far before the Hyksos era. There was a Hyksos pharaoh named Jacobaam but this proves nothing, as he was simply named after Jacob. The Hyksos period did not begin until the time of the biblical Joseph- it was preceded by Joseph becoming second in command to the reigning pharaoh, conspiring with him to crash the Egyptian economy, and in the wake of this to move all his fellow Hebrews into Egypt. They lived high on the hog while everyone else was starving. The first or 'great' exodus occurred when the Egyptians had finally had enough and kicked the Hebrews out. This was in the time of the Thera eruption, which caused the 'biblical plagues'. Soon afterwards, the Israelites hired Nubian mercenaries and returned- in the wake of all this chaos, they conquered the Nile delta, officially beginning the Hyksos period. They were thrown out again later(the second 'exodus'- the confusion comes from the fact that these two have now been lumped together as one), ending the Hyksos reign. At that time they conquered and settled the area of Jerusalem. So no, Abraham and Jacob were not Egyptian pharaohs- they were tribal chieftains, as was Solomon.
-He then attempts to support his thesis by stating that the Hyksos were not Semitic/Asiatic invaders but simply the product of a religious dispute! This is laughable! While yes, the Hebrews were experts in astrology and were astute enough to begin worshiping Aries the ram at the appropriate time, while the Egyptians were still holding out and worshiping Taurus the bull- this is simply not proof that the Hyksos were just a religious sect of Egyptians. They were depicted as looking different(black curly hair and beards vs. blonde/red haired like the original Egyptians were) and were by all accounts known as Semitic/Asiatic invaders!
What I did like so far: He recognizes that there were two 'exodus' rolled into one. He recognizes the dissension between those who were embracing the (new) age of Aries and the holdouts still worshiping Taurus the bull. He recognizes that the plagues of the Biblical exodus were caused by the eruption of Thera.
I will update this review after finishing the book.