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The Jewish Trinity: When Rabbis Believed In The Father, Son And Holy Spirit Paperback – July 23, 2003
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This is a really, really bad book. The author believes, incredibly, and against all Bible translators and historical theologians - Christian and not, trinitarian and not - that the ancient Jews were trinitarians, and that this important fact was deliberately hidden by a cabal of dastardly "unitarian" Jews in the inter-testamental period. This is literally a conspiracy theory book. Of course, the conspirators were so good, they hid all evidence of their anti-trinitarian activity. (See p. 22.)
Mind you, we know with certainty that the doctrine of the Trinity arose no earlier than the NT - really, more around 200-400 CE - as Christians tried to make sense of what the New Testament says about Jesus, God, and God's Spirit. It's an anachronism to talk of pre-Christian trinitarianism. It was a genuinely new idea and doctrine - even if, as many commenters hold, the OT can legitimately be read as containing many hints and pointers to the (later revealed) doctrine.
The book is nearly unreadable - chapter after long chapter of poorly written, Bible reference heavy, repetitive, unordered, poorly argued paragraphs, riddled with typos, and more importantly, with argumentative howlers. The author lards his prose throughout with faker arguments like "This suggests that...", and rarely interacts with the (real) scholars who would disagree with his bold assertions - which would be basically all of them, in many cases!
This is not a serious piece of theology or Bible interpretation. He desperately overreaches throughout. Even the Shema "Hear O Israel..." is (mis)interpreted as *asserting* the Trinity doctrine (not merely being consistent with it, or somehow suggesting it). (p. 113) Just pick up any study bible or commentary, and see how many of Natan's exegetical flights of fancy the real scholars agree with. The author loves to find a passage where "Yahweh" occurs more than once, and then, without any justification, assert that the first means the Father, the second the Son, etc. This is crystal-ball exegesis, or rather plain old eisegesis (reading what you want into the text, rather than extracting what it actually means).
In sum, this is a really bad apologetics book. Non-expert readers may be impressed by the author's constant use of Hebrew and superficial acquaintance with some of the scholarly literature, but if you really want a defence of the Trinity as a biblical doctrine, you really ought to look elsewhere. Citing this book against anti-trinitarians will only show your own ignorance!
As an example, on page 26, the author boldly proclaims, "The Majestic Plural Concept is at Odds with Unitarianism", and then proceeds to make arguments using such language as "seems artifical and contrived", "would necessarily be", "one would expect", and "suggests that". The author does not understand basic rules of Hebrew grammar, and must use conditional language to argue forcefully.
A numerically plural noun in Hebrew has a plural suffix, a plural verb, and a plural adjective. In virtually every occurrence in the Old Testament, Elohim has a singular verb and a singular adjective, despite having a plural noun, because it refers to just one being. There are only a few cases where Elohim is used as a majestic plural when it does not refer to YHWH (e.g. 1 Kings 11:33), rather another singular entity.
There are only nine instances in the entire Old Testament where Elohim is used with a plural verb or plural adjective to seemingly refer to YHWH. This is a linguistic phenomenon known as attraction, and in each case, does not refer to YHWH as a plural of personalities. There is an obvious reason for the Shema - because YHWH is one, and not three.
If anyone is interested in this subject further, may I suggest you google Nehemia Gordon and read his treatise on this subject, entitled "Elohim: Plural or Singular?" It will take about 30 minutes. Gordon doesn't have to put in forceful language like "seems artificial and contrived" because he doesn't have to. Truth always triumphs over error.