- Paperback: 228 pages
- Publisher: Routledge; 1 edition (January 17, 2012)
- Language: English
- ISBN-10: 1412846242
- ISBN-13: 978-1412846240
- Product Dimensions: 6 x 0.5 x 9 inches
- Shipping Weight: 11.2 ounces (View shipping rates and policies)
- Average Customer Review: Be the first to review this item
- Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #5,608,636 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer - no Kindle device required.
To get the free app, enter your mobile phone number.
The Lowering of Higher Education in America 1st Edition
Use the Amazon App to scan ISBNs and compare prices.
“Mr. Toby’s main proposal is to require good grades and test scores from those seeking federal student loans. This requirement, he believes, would improve incentives for academic performance and mitigate the inevitable trade-off between widening access to college and maintaining educational standards.”
—Mr. Wildavsky, WSJ.com
“Toby’s focus is the United States, but much of what he writes is applicable to countries like Canada that have also taken an open access, universal education approach… Toby takes great care to provide strong arguments supported by empirical evidence, providing readers with a well-documented book.”
—James Côté, Canadian Journal of Sociology
"Jackson Toby has hit the jackpot with this incisive critique, showing how lax admission and academic standards of Americans universities have damaged both secondary and higher education. His proposal to tie student loan assistance to academic performance is absolutely spot on."
—Richard Vedder, Director, Center for College Affordability and Productivity
"The distorted roles that college and the college degree have acquired in American life constitute, in my view, our most serious educational problem. But saying what needs to be said requires stepping on toes, and Jackson Toby is not afraid to do so. He brings to this wonderful analysis the erudition of a scholar, the personal experience of a long-time professor, and the clear writing of a journalist. Somehow the issues he raises must become part of a national dialogue."
—Charles Murray, WH Brady Scholar at the American Enterprise Institute and author of Real Education: Four Simple Truths for Bringing America's Schools Back to Reality
"With the authority of a lifetime devoted to college teaching, Jackson Toby tells hard and painful truths that most professors would prefer to keep hidden. There are too many students in American colleges today; many of them are under-prepared, don't want to study, can't do the work, but stay anyway, cosseted by grade-inflating professors. Worst of all, well-meaning but ill-considered government aid policies make a bad situation worse by placing the least suitable students in classes where most of them are destined to fail."
—Patrick Allitt, Goodrich C. White Professor of American History, Emory University, and author ofI'm the Teacher, You're the Student: A Semester in the University Classroom
"Jackson Toby, a particularly acute critic of the American high school and American higher education, here makes a sharp argument against the unexamined grain of much current discussion about college access: That it should be available to almost everybody, and almost everybody will benefit from it. As he demonstrates, higher education must always depend on the willingness of the person to be educated to cooperate and participate. He argues that merit--willingness to work at education, and capacity to do so--should and must remain a key determinant of access to higher education, and its depreciation in the rush to universal access harms both high-school and college education. His powerfully argued book makes an important contribution to the issue of access to college, how wide, for whom, and on what basis."
—Nathan Glazer, Professor of Education and Sociology Emeritus, Harvard University, and author of We Are All Multiculturalists Now
"Although the overwhelming majority of American scholars are employed by colleges or universities, remarkably few have conducted serious research on the world they inhabit. We are fortunate that Jackson Toby is an exception. The Lowering of Higher Education in America is a learned, fascinating, penetrating, clear-sighted, tough-minded, and sobering analysis of our system of higher education."
—Stephan Thernstrom, Winthrop Research Professor of History, Harvard University
"Toby has seen higher education change greatly over the decades. In his new book The Lowering of Higher Education in America (Praeger), he pulls no punches in explaining how the mania for promoting "access" to college for as many people as possible has driven down academic standards and expectations. It's unconventional thinking par excellence."
—Dr. George Leef, director of The John William Pope Center
"Toby, a retired professor of sociology and criminology at Rutgers U., contends that financial assistance for college should be based on academic performance. He describes how colleges weaken education by giving students a sense of entitlement; how they make it easy for too many underprepared students to get accepted; what the costs of underprepared students are; how grade inflation undermines academic achievement; how students spend their time at college and how this affects retention rates; whether attending college improves job prospects; how federal grants and loans have universalized financial aid; and how public policy should change."
—Reference & Research Book News
"[A]n excellent book...This one is on numerous ACTA staff members' personal reading lists, and we recommend it most highly!"
—Inside Academe, the offical newsletter of the ACTA, American Council of Trustees and Alumni
“The book is well organized, with the chapters building Toby’s case in a logically progressive manner. Moreover, his section headings are clear, rather than cryptic or cutesy, and these headings are often stated as research questions, making it easy for readers to follow his argument.”
—Canadian Journal of Sociology
“[A] fine book, a cornucopia of facts about today’s colleges and the fun-loving unprepared youngsters struggling to obtain degrees to nowhere.”
—Robert Weissberg, Academic Questions
From the Inside Flap
Few in the United States will dispute the assumption that every high school graduate should be entitled to go to college regardless of financial need. But should everyone be able to go regardless of academic preparedness? Jackson Toby explores the idea that federal financial aid programs, all of which peg student aid to need alone and not to academic performance, are dragging down college admissions and academic standards to the point where America's schools, students, and economy will no longer be globally competitive.
After a half-century of teaching, distinguished educator Jackson Toby concludes that our current system all too often gives both high school and college students the impression that college is an entitlement and not a challenge. The Lowering of Higher Education: Why Student Loans Should Be Based on Credit Worthiness is Toby's unflinching look at this broken system and the ways it can be fixed. This volume documents just how far college admission standards have fallen and measures the cost of remedial programs designed to get underprepared high school students to the level they should have been at in the first place.
Toby is both pointed and frank in his discussion on the issue of grade inflation, which rewards laziness while demoralizing hard-working students. To reverse the national decline of academic standards in American colleges, Toby proposes a radical solution: Let federal student aid be tied to academic performance as well as financial need, incentivizing students to develop serious attitudes and study habits in high school and keep them up in college.
Browse award-winning titles. See more