About the Author
S. Hale Shakman has been involved with analysis of health and related programs since 1966-9, when he served with the U.S. State Department's Agency for International Development (A.I.D.) in Washington, D.C. As Program Officer for the Vietnam Program's Public Health Sector, he participated in the overall planning, development and coordination of both direct assistance and training efforts, including oversight of American Medical Association and American Dental Association education contracts, assessments of health facility and construction needs, and coordination with U.S. military and other free world contributors. This included two temporary assignments to Vietnam totaling 5 months, and a Meritorious Service award. He subsequently served in a program management capacity at the Office of Economic Opportunity in Washington, D.C. Shakman left government service to accept the position of Deputy Director of International Programs (Operations) for the Pathfinder Fund, a private non profit population and health service organization. Later, as an independent consultant and writer, he assisted Maryland, Washington State and Alaska in developing Administration on Aging sponsored nutrition programs; researched, designed and wrote the Planning and Operations Guide for the National Summer Youth Sports Program (sponsored by the President's Council on Physical Fitness and the N.C.A.A.); designed an information system to serve disabled children in the Headstart Program; and compiled and edited THE BLACK PAGES Directory and Resource Guide for People of Color Publications in San Francisco. Additional publications include articles in USA TODAY and the British journal Nature. Following graduation from Northwestern University (BA), Shakman was accepted into Georgetown University Graduate School's direct to PhD program in History of Political Thought, earning honors and election to Pi Sigma Alpha honor society. He withdrew with permission from Georgetown to accept temporary assignment to Vietnam for the U.S. Department of State. He was subsequently a participant in the Scholars' Colloquium at the Library of Congress, and resumed and completed his PhD program requirements in History of Dentistry by special petition through the American Academy of Biological Dentistry. This current volume, MEDICINE'S GRANDEST FRAUD PHD, comprises his Dissertation. Shakman is Executive Director of the Institute of Science in Santa Monica, California.