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Making Moral Judgments: Psychological Perspectives on Morality, Ethics, and Decision-Making 1st Edition, Kindle Edition
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About the Author
Donelson R. Forsyth is a social and personality psychologist who studies groups, leadership, ethical thought, and the psychological bases of teaching and learning. He is a professor at the University of Richmond, US, where he holds the Colonel Leo K. and Gaylee Thorsness Endowed Chair in Ethical Leadership. He has authored or edited ten books (including Group Dynamics, now in its seventh edition) and over 140 chapters and articles on ethics, groups, and related topics. He was recognized as the Outstanding Group Psychologist by the American Psychological Association in 1996, and received the State of Virginia Outstanding Faculty Award in 2002.--This text refers to the hardcover edition.
- File size : 3761 KB
- Word Wise : Enabled
- Print length : 210 pages
- Publication date : October 17, 2019
- Language: : English
- ASIN : B07V6BRRNX
- Publisher : Routledge; 1st edition (October 17, 2019)
- Enhanced typesetting : Enabled
- Text-to-Speech : Enabled
- X-Ray : Not Enabled
- Simultaneous device usage : Up to 4 simultaneous devices, per publisher limits
- Lending : Not Enabled
- Best Sellers Rank: #5,194 Free in Kindle Store (See Top 100 in Kindle Store)
- Customer Reviews:
Top review from the United States
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The following are comments I have made on parts of the text. Kindle locations are in brackets .
 “The elementary forces in ethics are probably as plural as those of physics are.” (From quote of William James) Not if a grand theory of everything is found then there would will be only one force. Still four is a lot less complicated than the forces (if this is a valid metaphor) ethics appears to have.
 “We are all psychologists of a sort, for whenever we encounter other people we set to work deciphering them. We do not passively observe those around us, but instead actively scrutinize others’ actions, drawing inferences about their dispositional tendencies, their preferences and attitudes, and their intentions and designs. When we meet other people we intuitively gather the data we need to make these inferences: We appraise their appearance, their gestures, their words, and their actions.” This is known as folk psychology in philosophy of mind. This is a default position, which eliminative materialism seeks to replaced with a detailed neuroscience.
 “Haidt’s (2001) social intuitionist model of moral judgment, for example, suggests that a quick, emotional intuition or “gut feeling” often guides people’s moral judgments, and that these emotional reactions may prompt them to make moral decisions that are not entirely consistent with reason. Only after the judgment is made does cognition’s role become activated as a post hoc justification tool.” It is not an either/or thing. You think and feel together.
 “Taken in combination, these five theories [discussed earlier] provide a fuller explanation for morality than any one taken separately.” This is because morality is not so simple of a phenomenon, so multiple viewpoints are needed, like multiple philosophical approaches, including a good dose of pragmatism.
 Some “assume that the judgments of some individuals are guided by a deliberate and rational review of the relevant issues.” It is more likely that moral judgments are some of the quickest judgments we make. Reasoning usually comes after our gut reactions to moral situations and enter into the evaluation of what to do or not to do about it.
 “German Nazis somehow believed that killing all their fellow citizens whose religion was Judaism was morally acceptable.” They were not killed because of their religion, but because of the absurd racial and warp conspiracy theories.
I found the book good as far as it goes. The authors’ and his collaborators ethics position theory is interesting and looks to be well researched. How helpful this work will be in the overall picture of morality I am not so sure, but I admit to not being all that interested in this side of morality; I much prefer the philosophical side.
If you are interested in morals from the psychological side it might be worth a read. If your looking for a more philosophical analysis and while the book touches on it some, it might not be the best read for you.