Migration and Brain Drain: The Case of Malawi
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About the Author
- Paperback : 306 pages
- ISBN-10 : 0595218628
- ISBN-13 : 978-0595218622
- Product Dimensions : 8.25 x 0.77 x 11 inches
- Item Weight : 1.54 pounds
- Publisher : iUniverse (April 24, 2002)
- Language: : English
- Best Sellers Rank: #18,035,628 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
- Customer Reviews:
Top review from the United States
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The Swedish geographer Reidar Oderth has written a very worthwhile study on the migration of graduates and university students from Malawi. Malawi, for decades suffering under dictatorship that forced many intellectuals into exile, passed through a process of democratisation during the beginning of the 1990's. A new, freely elected government gained power in 1994.
Oderth's thesis evaluates the impact of these political changes upon the migration of graduates and students, with emphasis on the UK as one of the major recipient countries. The study indicates that the brain drain from Malawi did not decrease after 1994, rather the opposite. The impact of the democratisation has been strongly counteracted by a deterioration of the economic situation in the country. Further, the abolition of currency and administrative restrictions in Malawi has facilitated emigration.
The study reviews the present state-of-the-art concerning theories to explain the observed migration patterns. These include, among others, theories based on the push-pull model as well as micro, meso and macro concepts. Theories of time-geography have also contributed to give a new dimension to migration research.
While it is obvious that the limitations in Oderth's survey data partially made the study difficult, he has put a lot of effort in collecting and analysing statistical data, interviews and literature. The study therefore gives an important contribution to our knowledge of the extent of migration of educated citizens of a poor African country as well as some indications of their causes and consequences. Further studies to deepen our knowledge of the processes of migration and brain drain should therefore have a high priority in research on development issues of the Third World.
Per Lindskog, PhD in Geography
Linköpings universitet, Sweden
Lindskog has worked at the University of Malawi during five years as lecturer