Modern European History Series: Making Modern Europe; World Events Over Time Collection
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(Jan 01, 2006)
Transition Period. 1. Population Changes. The role of the devastation of the bubonic plague in the movement from rural manors to towns and rise of guilds. 2. Rise of Capitalism. 3. The Renaissance. Marco Polo travels to China. Rebirth of past cultures. The Arab Empire Scientific revolution. New view of the universe. Shift to secular humanism; non- religious, not anti-religious. 4. Age of Exploration. Role of the printing press. Ambivalent attitudes toward nature. Native populations devastated. 5. Protestant Reformation. Christianity splits into Roman Catholicism and Protestantism in the early 1500s. Luther. Calvin. The concept of religion and economic individualism as an extension of capitalism. 6. Rise of the Nation-State. 7. The Enlightenment. Standards for ethical behavior. 8. The Decline of the Monarchy. American Revolution of 1776. French Revolution of 1789. Overthrow of monarchy. Napoleonic war brings modern age to others. The Industrial Revolution 9. Modern Industrial Capitalism. England begins the factory system, 1780-1830. The impact of the Closure Act forcing millions of peasants to seek work in the cities. The minimizing of costs results in enormous misery. The planned slums, child labor. The impact of the canal system and the railroads. England becomes the most powerful country in the world. Rise of the new force of nationalism, patriotism, and the self-image of superiority. 10. The New Modern Age. In the 19th century. music, art, literature, and poetry show change from the set forms of the conservative period to romantic forms, expressing feelings . Labor saving inventions and advances in science and medicine advance the belief in intellectual and material progress. The division of social and economic thinkers who advocate no interference with trade, with others who press for a more egalitarian society with distribution based on need not profit. Marx's view of capitalism.