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Napoleonic Friendship: Military Fraternity, Intimacy, and Sexuality in Nineteenth-Century France (Becoming Modern: New Nineteenth-Century Studies)
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“[Napoleonic Friendship] is a work of solid historiography and level-headed literary analysis.”—The Gay & Lesbian Review
“[A] solid contribution to military and literary history. . . . At a time when Americans are changing their attitudes and policies toward gays openly serving in the military, this book offers a valuable overview of the French system, which has been less punitive to gays than our own.” —Nineteenth-Century French Studies
"Brian Joseph Martin's Napoleonic Friendship is a provocative book. Original and challenging, if not convincing on all points, it forces readers to take a new look at the very male world of life in the Napoleonic armies and, for its veterans, life after their military service. Though historically grounded in the world that emerged from the French Revolution, it has implications for both the historical study of other militaries and political debates today."—H-WAR
“Much of Martin’s analysis, and especially his deconstruction of tender relations between men, which challenge traditional notions about male homoerotic relations, especially in a military setting as essentially sexual rather than affectionate, is fascinating.”—The Historian
“This book suggests a revolution in how we frame our discussion of intimacy. The field of queer studies has often stressed that, historically, men were more likely to realize their same-sex longings than women, but did so through anonymous casual encounters, often at the expense of actual intimacy and enduring relationships. Martin turns that paradigm on its head, and argues that men did indeed find enduring forms of intimacy through the shared trial and experiences of membership in the military. He brings to the surface a narrative that has just been waiting to be given voice.” (Melanie Hawthorne, Texas A & M University)|“This eye-opening study fills a significant lacuna in our understanding of nineteenth-century French literature and the history of relations among men. Ambitious in scope, Napoleonic Friendship explores the intense, intimate male friendships fostered by military reforms from the revolutionary period to World War I. Informed by queer theory and masculinity studies, Martin’s analysis of the memoirs of military men and of the novels and lives of Balzac, Stendhal, Hugo, Zola and Proust deftly avoids the temptations of anachronism. His fresh and often moving account evokes a patriarchal world without women where homosociality, and sometimes homosexuality, were both desirable and necessary.” (Margaret Waller, Pomona College)