About the Author
Chris Ofili (born 1968) is an English painter noted for works referencing aspects of his African background. He is one of the best-known Young British Artists, a Turner Prize winner, and the source of one of the New York art world's biggest scandals. It was Ofili's painting, a depiction of a black African Virgin Mary surrounded by images from blaxploitation movies and close-ups of female genitalia cut from pornographic magazines, that caused then-Mayor Rudolph Giuliani to close the infamous Sensation exhibition at The Brooklyn Museum in 1999.
Edouard Manet, (1832-1883), is known for his depictions of cafe life in Paris, including The Bar at the Folies-Bergere, and for his nudes, as in such the iconic Olympia and Le dejeuner sur l'herbe. His Impressionist-era work, with its stark black-and-white motifs and dark outlines, has also been called early Modern.
Damien Hirst dominated the British art scene of the 1990s. The leading figure of the YBAs (Young British Artists), he has become one of the best known British artists of the later 20th Century. Hirst has exhibited his work worldwide including at the Gagosian Gallery, New York; the Tate Gallery, London; MFA Boston; White Cube, London, and the Dallas Museum, Texas, among many others.
Jeff Koons was born in York, Pennsylvania, in 1955. The former Wall Street commodities broker rose to prominence in the mid-80s and has been the subject of numerous solo museum exhibitions, such as those seen at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, the Bilbao Guggenheim, and the Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago. Koons currently lives in New York.
French sculptor and draughtsman Auguste Rodin was born in Paris in 1840 and died in Meudon in 1917. He is the one of few sculptors of the modern age regarded in his lifetime and afterwards to be on a par with Michelangelo. Both made images with widespread popular appeal, and both stressed the materiality of sculpture. Rodinis most famous worksothe Age of Bronze, The Thinker , The Kiss, the Burghers of Calais and HonorE de Balzacoare frequently reproduced outside a fine-art context to represent modern attitudes that require poses and encounters freed from allegory, idealization and propriety. Today major collections of his work on permanent display are at the MusEe Rodin (Hotel Biron, Paris), the Rodin Museum (Philadelphia), and the California Palace of the Legion of Honor (San Francisco).
Tom Sachs was born in New York in 1966. His famously crafty work has been exhibited in solo shows at galleries throughout Europe and the United States, including at Mary Boone Gallery, where the artist's exhibition of homemade working guns and real bullets got his dealer arrested. More recent one-person exhibitions include the Fondazione Prada, Milan (2006) and the Deutsche Guggenheim, Berlin (2003). Sachs is represented by Sperone Westwater, New York, and Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, Paris.
Richard Serra was born in San Francisco in 1939 and received his BFA and MFA at Yale University. He has exhibited extensively in major museums and exhibitions throughout the world, and has created site-specific sculptures for both public and private venues in North America and Europe. His most recent projects include an exhibition at the Museo Archeologico and Piazza del Plebiscito in Naples (2004), and an eight-part permanent installation "The Matter of Time" at the Guggenheim Bilbao, which was inaugurated in 2005. A survey exhibition of his work will be exhibited in Summer of 2007 at The Museum of Modern Art.
Kara Walker was born in Stockton, California in 1969. She received a BFA from the Atlanta College of Art in 1991 and an MFA from the Rhode Island School of Design in 1994. The artist is best known for exploring the raw intersection of race, gender, and sexuality through her iconic, silhouetted figures. Walker's work has been exhibited at the Museum of Modern Art, the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, and the Whitney Museum of American Art. A 1997 recipient of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Achievement Award, Walker was the United States representative to the 2002 Sao Paolo Bienal in Brazil. A full-scale museum survey opened at the Walker Art Center in February 2007. Walker currently lives in New York where she is on the faculty of the MFA program at Columbia University.
Born in 1960 in Jamaica, Renee Cox was the subject of Mayor Guiliani's censure for her controversial Yo Mama's Last Supper, exhibited at the Brooklyn Museum of Art. The artist currently lives in New York.
Amy Adler was born in 1966, New York City. Her work has been exhibited in spaces at the Taka Ishii Gallery, Tokyo; the Contemporary Museum, Baltimore; the Casey Kaplan Gallery, New York, and the San Jose Museum of Art, California, among many others.