- Series: From Euthanasia to the Final Solution
- Paperback: 448 pages
- Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press; 3rd edition (September 22, 1997)
- Language: English
- ISBN-10: 0807846759
- ISBN-13: 978-0807846759
- Product Dimensions: 5.9 x 1.1 x 9.2 inches
- Shipping Weight: 1.1 pounds (View shipping rates and policies)
- Average Customer Review: 11 customer reviews
- Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #652,960 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
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The Origins of Nazi Genocide: From Euthanasia to the Final Solution 3rd Edition
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Never is a speculation presented without masses of material to back it up. It is a substantial book.
"Holocaust and Genocide Studies"
"If one has time to read only one book among the recent works on Nazi euthanasia, this is it.
Christopher R. Browning, "Times Literary Supplement""
Friedlander has written an excellent piece of historical research which establishes the similarities of the fates of three victim groups.
"Well researched, remarkably balanced in its judgments, and full of fresh insights. It deserves the widest possible readership.
"Journal of Modern History""
"One of the distinguishing features of this study is the meticulous description of the administration of the euthanasia program.
Gordon A. Craig, "New York Review of Books""
If one has time to read only one book among the recent works on Nazi euthanasia, this is it.
Christopher R. Browning, "Times Literary Supplement"
Well researched, remarkably balanced in its judgments, and full of fresh insights. It deserves the widest possible readership.
"Journal of Modern History"
One of the distinguishing features of this study is the meticulous description of the administration of the euthanasia program.
Gordon A. Craig, "New York Review of Books"
[This book] fills a very important gap and should go far to adjust our perspective on the Nazi genocide. . . . Will be much discussed and used by those who want a total picture of Nazi exclusion and extermination policies.--George L. Mosse, University of Wisconsin
Friedlander has written an excellent piece of historical research.--Jewish History
Friedlander has written an excellent piece of historical research which establishes the similarities of the fates of three victim groups.--Jewish History
Friedlander has written a book of great importance for understanding the Final Solution. . . . [He] breaks new ground in his examination of how the machinery of the euthanasia program was duplicated in death camps such as Auschwitz and Treblinka.--Choice
Indispensable for undergraduate and graduate students of the Holocaust and Nazi Germany.--History: Reviews of New Books
A book that is so fundamentally important that it forces us to reconsider our understanding of the origins of the Final Solution.--Congress Monthly
This book should encourage a general rethinking of the issues involved and force a broadening of perspectives. On the basis of extraordinarily wide and successful digging in a vast array of archives . . . Friedlander has built both a case and an account which will be of enormous significance for decades to come. . . . This book will remain essential for an understanding of the internal structure and functioning of National Socialist Germany.--Gerhard L. Weinberg, German Studies Review
Important and valuable. . . . [Friedlander] conveys both new information and stimulating insights based on years of intensive research and deep reflection. He makes an eloquent argument for understanding both Nazi 'euthanasia' and the Final Solution within the wider context of a clearly defined notion of 'Nazi genocide'. . . . A work of major importance. If one has time to read only one book among the recent works on Nazi euthanasia, this is it.--Christopher R. Browning, Times Literary Supplement
Henry Friedlander's brilliant study of the origins of the Final Solution in the policy of Nazi euthanasia is the most detailed and most intelligent study of its kind to appear in the past decade. Documented with great care, it shows the path of the euthanasia policies of the Third Reich, which included among their victims those Jews in asylums and hospitals. No study of the reach and magnitude of this work has yet appeared that as intelligently understands the complexity of the German murder of those labeled as different.--Sander L. Gilman, University of Chicago
A masterful work by a superb scholar.--Tikkun
Well-researched and wide-ranging. . . . The most detailed scholarly inquiry into the management and mechanics of the euthanasia operation yet published. Ten or fifteen years ago, it was rare to see a historian drawing links between the Final Solution and the murder of Germany's handicapped. . . . Friedlander's elucidation of the important continuities of technique and personnel gives us valuable new insights into the inner workings of Nazi genocide.--Robert N. Proctor, American Historical Review
Friedlander's book is soberly written. But it is meticulous in its documentation. Never is a speculation presented without masses of material to back it up. It is a substantial book, in keeping with the importance of the topic and the material amassed here for the first time.--Holocaust and Genocide Studies
Well researched, remarkably balanced in its judgments, and full of fresh insights. It deserves the widest possible readership.--Journal of Modern History
A major and significant work.--Dimensions
Is it possible to present novel views and materials on the origins of the German mass murder of the Jews? Henry Friedlander, a historian . . . and a survivor of Auschwitz . . . succeeds in doing so. . . . The book should be read by . . . medical students and doctors. It is a must for psychiatrists.--Benno MAller-Hill, Journal of the American Medical Association
Admirably researched. . . . One of the distinguishing features of this study is the meticulous description of the administration of the euthanasia program.--Gordon A. Craig, New York Review of Books
A most valuable contribution to the history of Nazism and of the Holocaust.--Kirkus Reviews
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The fact is the euthanasia T4 programme that existed in Germany before WW2 paved the way for the mass exterminations in Poland. Many of the personnel and equipment used in the T4 programme was and were moved from Germany and installed in the murder centres in Poland. Through tweaking this insidious system the Holocaust became the highly industrialized murder machine it eventually did. The writing is precise and backed up by numerous references.
The whole ghastly system slowly becomes clear as you read through the book. A very unsettling read that questions human nature and how far people will descend. You still are left with the question" How could anyone be involved in something so utterly monstrous?"
Of the killing centers, Hadamar is the best known -- a hub, so to speak. Nobody really knows how many people were gassed there. The buses arrived like clockwork, on schedule... Day in; day out.
Significantly, there was little civilian protest until T4 moved on to private Christian instutions. The "euthenasia" program was halted "officially" after several churches protested the gassings of institutionalised patients. (Unofffically, the program went on until AFTER the end of the war!) The members of T4 were absorbed into the killing machine known as the Final Solution. Which, of course, was the goal all along....
I reread The Origins of Nazi Genocide periodically just to remind myself that ANYONE can be marginalised -- including me and thee.
Henry Friedlander does an excellent job of writing and researching into the lives and minds of the doctors and administrators who ran the secret programs that killed first, German children who were born with disabilities, then led to the removal from schools and homes of older children with disabilities to meet their deaths through starvation and drugs, and finally to include adults with disabilities in mass murders. It was on these people that the Nazis perfected their instruments of genocide, and yet, even at Nurenburg their suffering was dismissed as "lives unworthy of life" just because of their disabilities.
This can happen again, especially with the completion of the human genome. NO laws have been suggested to curtail the use of information gleaned from the genome to prevent discrimination of any kind against the disabled. It is of great concern that the disabled community watch opponents of the Americans with Disabilities Act try to get this civil rights act revoked as being expensive, especially since it serves those who many (including Clint Eastwood apparently) feel are not productive members of society. The slippery slope begins at this point, and with these mindsets.
It is imperative that students of medicine and students of science be made to read this book. It is only through education and remembering the children and families whose lives were destroyed that we can avoid allowing this Medical Holocaust from ever happening again. Karen Sadler, Science Education, University of Pittsburgh
Friedlander dismisses the popular notion that public protest ended this program, pointing out that the killing continued even after the initial cancellation in 1941. Officials simply changed the manner of death (lethal injection) and moved killing centers for reasons of secrecy. The church did not succeed in saving anyone.
He also emphasizes the importance of connections in saving lives. Family members could save relations by removing them from state or private institutions. Those with no one to care for them perished. Everyone has a handicap of some kind, sadly a relative few were forced to pay the ultimate price.
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