- Series: Parerga and Paralipomena
- Paperback: 714 pages
- Publisher: Clarendon Press; n Reprint edition (June 28, 2001)
- Language: English
- ISBN-10: 0199242216
- ISBN-13: 978-0199242214
- Product Dimensions: 8.2 x 1.6 x 5.2 inches
- Shipping Weight: 2.2 pounds (View shipping rates and policies)
- Average Customer Review: 12 customer reviews
- Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #1,543,502 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
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Parerga and Paralipomena: Short Philosophical Essays, Volume II n Reprint Edition
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About the Author
E. F. J Payne produced authoritative translations ofThe World as Will and Representation, The Basis of Morality, and The Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason.
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His essay on Fate is amazing. His essay on Spirit seeing proves that representation or mental pictures can rise from the solar plexus by passing our sense organs. Dreams and the phenomena of enlightenment could be interpreted from it.
I also recommend the book The Will's Harmonic Motion: The Completion of Schopenhauer's Philosophy for it builds on Schopenhauer's philosophy and extend it in a very logical way and really as the author claims complete it.
He follows Kant in postulating a dualism of phenomenon-noumenon, but argues that we can understand the latter through our own experience of our wills (Wille), which allows us to realize that the world is simply the will (Wille) manifested as phenomena in the Kantian sense.
Can anyone today accept this Westernized version of Vedanta philosophy as truth? Schopenhauer read the Upanishads, but he didn't know about Ramakrishna (born too late for Schopenhauer) and apparently there was no translation of Patanjali available to him. Vedanta asserts the same thing with the formula "Tat tvam asi", though the Wille is designated Brahman and far from being a relentless meaninglessness is the source of perfect consolation.
Too much scientific and psychological truth has flowed under the bridge of time since Schopenhauer conceived his philosophy. Nietzsche, who began as a follower of Schopenhauer, repudiated him because he realized that dualisms of any kind won't account for the hard fact of material reality and its enigmas. Wagner, a soi-disant disciple of Schopenhauer, got around any difficulties by discarding the aspects of Schopenhauer's philosophy that he didn't find congenial, most importantly S's notions about sexual love. (Well, he was a musician, not a logician, and all was grist to his mill.)
So I don't think anyone now can read Schopenhauer in pursuit of anything more than historical truth, not capital T truth. (Those who can read German, I understand, will appreciate S's excellent prose style, far superior to the wooden prose of Kant and Hegel.)
If you're interested in playing with Schopenhauer's ideas (I should say "idea", since he claimed that his philosophy was the development of a single idea), then by all means read THE WORLD AS WILL AND REPRESENTATION, his major work. If you want to get at least a modest notion of what he was about, the volume under review, a batch of miscellaneous essays is probably a better choice and a better read.
Definitely read the Payne translation in either case. I don't read German but I'm told by those who do that Payne's work is far superior to that of his predecessors.
If you want just to find out about Schopenhauer, read either Janeway's brief study or Magee's longer one (you can skip a bit with the latter since he attempts to cover everything S wrote).
A major figure in the history of philosophy, definitely the major influence on Wagner, but one of the DWEMs that no longer speaks to us.
Only a master can summarize Plato in a few pages. The only other master who was able to do this was Erwin Schrodinger in his, Mind and Matter. Arthur Schopenhauer is as clever.
All serious students of ideas should own this volume!
In this parerga, Arthur Schopenhauer wrote an essay arguing that, well, most people who get a degree in, say, philosophy, are not philosophers. They are like bureaucrats who get a little office room, as a temp worker, and work their way up the ladder of bureaucracy. Now imagine if the common man or woman started worshipping the bureaucrats because they knew no better? The higher up the rung the bureaucrat is, the more heaps of praise and glory is given to this bureaucrat and the bureaucrat becomes the only authority and the common men and women, who know no better, because they are fed documentaries and books, listen to the opinions of the bureaucracy, and so a momentum builds up.
Schopenhauer writes that a true philosopher, one who's never earned a piece of paper in the machine of bureaucracy, will be ignored by the masses, who worship bureaucrats and by the bureaucrats, who wear stolen clothes.
Schopenhauer argued that because a bureaucrat has a Phd in philosophy, the bureaucrat concludes that Plato was a philosopher, and, therefore, the bureaucrat is now Plato!!! We see this sort of thing all of the time. Schopenhauer wrote this in the 19th Century. It is much worse today.
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This (and its sister volume) lists for a whopping $65.Read more