- Hardcover: 308 pages
- Publisher: Cambridge University Press (April 13, 1999)
- Language: English
- ISBN-10: 0521630932
- ISBN-13: 978-0521630931
- Product Dimensions: 6 x 0.8 x 9 inches
- Shipping Weight: 1.2 pounds (View shipping rates and policies)
- Average Customer Review: 3 customer reviews
- Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #14,272,831 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
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The Political Economy of NATO: Past, Present and into the 21st Century
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"Sandler and Hartley have nicely filled a big gap in the market for a book on defense economics without algebra. Its judicious mix of history, institutions and analysis and its broad coverage (from organizational design to environmental security) will guarantee it a place on reading lists in political science, international relations and economics courses. The Political Economy of NATO will become the standard reference for anyone wishing to understand the challenges the organization faces in its second half-century." Ron P. Smith, Birkbeck College, University of London
"The next few years may be the most critical point in NATO's history since its creation. In this remarkably thorough and precise book, Sandler and Hartley do a superb job of assessing the history of NATO and its current challenges in the areas of strategy, organization and industrial production. Unlike more tendentious works on NATO, Sandler and Hartley bring a true social science perspective to bear upon the issues. Introducing simple yet powerful models of interstate cooperation, the authors guide the reader through the classic debates on burden sharing within NATO, and into the current issues that will define the essence of NATO for decades to come, including some (such as terrorism and the environment) that have hitherto been peripheral to NATO's primary mission. The book is essential reading for anyone interested in an uncommonly cogent, careful and insightful assessment of the critical choices facing NATO." John Conybeare, University of Iowa
"Sandler and Hartley have done it again. This new book on NATO is a timely, analytical look at the problems and opportunities currently facing NATO in the context of a rapidly changing European context. This is not another 'NATO is Dead' tome, but rather an insightful look at how the organization is undergoing transformation in its membership, mission, and management of threats. This is the new book to read on NATO." Michael Ward, University of Washington, Seattle
"As we approach the millennium, NATO faces unprecedented demands, ranging from the challenges it recognizes, the tasks it accepts, the financing it requires, the membership it embraces, the structure of its organization, and even its continued operation. This book, by two of the world's premier analysts in the field, is unique for its sweeping grasp of the essentials of NATO's diverse and pressing questions. The Sandler-Hartley overview of these issues - useful to academic, policy, and operational circles - will endure well into the millennium which it foreshadows." Martin McGuire, University of California, Irvine
"Sandler and Hartley have provided a helpful introduction to the main policy issues confronting NATO's leadership. While demonstrating how tools of economic analysis can be applied to military issues, they also take due account of strategic and political considerations. They succeed in presenting a sophisticated analysis so as to be largely comprehensible to the non-technical reader, and in discussing issues from a neutral, trans-Atlantic perspective..." Anthony Lanyi, Public Choice
Using simple economic methods while accounting for political and institutional factors, this book puts forward a political economy viewpoint of NATO's current status and its future prospects. A host of NATO policy concerns are addressed including the optimal membership for the alliance, its role in peacekeeping missions worldwide, the appropriate methods for deterring terrorism, and proper procurement practices for the next generation of weapons. Additional topics concern defense burden sharing, arms trade, NATO's institutional structure, and NATO's role vis-a-vis other international organization. Although the analysis is rigorous, the book is intended for a wide audience drawn from political science and economics.
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Todd Sandler and Keith Hartley claim that The Political Economy of NATO "presents conclusions based on rigorous analysis rather than ideology" (p. xii), but the book clearly exhibits a bias toward retaining the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and expanding its missions...
The authors' pro-NATO bias is demonstrated by two conclusions: first, "That NATO must redefine itself and demonstrate that it still has a strategic role to perform if it is to survive during the post-Cold War era"; second, "NATO security must take on a broader definition in the post-Cold War period to include the protection of the environment, resource supply lines, and informational assets" (p. 251)...
Despite Sandler and Hartley's less than convincing analysis of how NATO will help combat the "new" post-Cold War threats, including terrorism, the section on the economics of terrorism is excellent. Sandler and Hartley note that terrorism is difficult to stop because terrorists incur less cost than the targeted country. The government of the targeted country must defend against all types of attack at multiple venues, but terrorists can strike the location that will minimize their cost, where government defenses are weakest. If the government improves the defenses against one type of threat, then terrorism, like water, will flow down the path of least resistance. As an example, the authors note that the fortification of embassies reduced strikes on the buildings but increased more lethal attacks-assassinations of diplomats outside the fortified areas...
Sandler and Hartley also correctly conclude that the law-enforcement model (sharing intelligence and apprehending terrorists) is preferable to the military model (retaliatory strikes) when fighting terrorism. The authors note that President Reagan's military strike against Libya in retaliation for a terrorist attack merely generated more terrorism in response, but they fail to extrapolate that effect to U.S. military action in general...
The informational content of the chapter on NATO's defense industrial base is good, but the chapters on NATO expansion and alliance burden sharing leave much to be desired. In the chapter on NATO expansion, Sandler and Hartley make logical errors, mischaracterize research, and fail to include important published data...
Similarly, in the chapter on burden sharing, the authors distort the issue. Although they make the keen observation that the alliance defense burden will be increasingly skewed toward the larger nations as NATO's primary mission becomes peacekeeping and out-of-area operations, their quantification of U.S. benefits from the alliance are grossly overstated. Based on population, gross domestic product (GDP), and exposed borders, the authors assert that the United States and Canada would derive, by far, more benefits than any other nations in the alliance. Yet the Europeans live near any potential threats, and the North Americans do not. North America will help defend Europe, not vice versa. In a post-Cold War era, when the threats are low and the allies are rich, Sandler and Hartley should have devoted more attention to the important question that they avoid: For the United States, do the net benefits of staying in NATO exceed those of its withdrawal?