I don't know the answer to your question. We lived in São Paulo for three years; my wife controlled the sauva which was causing the famine which was the major reason for the 45-year life span at the time, circa 1970, and the kissing bug which was the carrier of Chagas' disease. I figure there must be, at a minimum, 25 million people alive in Brasil now who wouldn't have been had she not done her work. She was Officer-in-Charge of the UNDP in 1973, a GS-26 position. (The presidency of the USA is a GS-25 position.)
But Donald, why are you writing this here?
Ahh! Your question about subtitles brought back some interesting experiences. I remember going to American movies in São Paulo with Brazilian subtitles. I was laughing out loud at dialogue that didn't get translated in the subtitling, while the folks around me couldn't understand why I was laughing. Similarly, I went to Italian movies w/Brazilian subtitling when the audience around me was laughing and I couldn't see why. . . .