About the Author
Herbert Spencer (1820-1903) was an English philosopher, political theorist, sociological theorist, author, and editor. He served in the later capacity for the Economist from 1843 to 1853. He is perhaps best known for applying evolutionary theory to social development and coined the term "survival of the fittest." His best known works are Man versus the State and the multi-volume System of Synthetic Philosophy.
Jonathan H. Turner is distinguished professor of sociology at the University of California– Riverside and university professor, University of California. He is the author or coauthor of thirty-five books and seven edited books. His works include Contemporary Sociological Theory, Theoretical Sociology: From 1830 to the Present, and The Emergence of Sociological Theory.