- File Size: 4879 KB
- Print Length: 421 pages
- Simultaneous Device Usage: Unlimited
- Publisher: Cosmology Science Publishers (October 25, 2015)
- Publication Date: October 25, 2015
- Sold by: Amazon Digital Services LLC
- Language: English
- ASIN: B01774NGPW
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Quantum Physics of Time:: Cosmology, Brain, Mind, and Time Travel Kindle Edition
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The third chapter looks at how biological organisms and their brains may involve quantum mechanical and chaotic dynamics and how these processes may assist with the survival of the organism. Particularly, King suggests that weak quantum measurements and quantum entanglement may be utilised by organisms in order for them to exercise free will and navigate future events.
In the fourth chapter, J.R. Smythies puts forward his "materialist dualist" thesis that conscious experience exists in a phenomenal space-time that intersects with physical space-time.
Chapter five looks at the notion put forward by materialist views of mind that consciousness is just a epiphenomena of the brain. The writer contends that observer effects in quantum theory along with our conceptual understanding of some neuropsychological disorders entail that scientist must take conscious or mental properties as casually real effects in the world.
Chapter six takes a look at the philosopher Kant's view of time as fundamental to how the mind has knowledge of the world. This chapter goes on to look at how hallucinatory states as seen in psychiatric and neural disorder can cause distortions in our temporal experiences and our sense of reality. This chapter asks if hallucinatory experiences can give us other realities that are commeasurable with our own?
Chapter seven is a brief chapter that posits that consciousness occurs in the brain in discrete moments - approximately 4 times per second. The writer argues that these moments of consciousness are connected by "consciousness vectors" - where a vector describes something with a direction and magnitude. The idea is not very much elaborated on in the chapter.
Chapter 8 looks how the psychological presentation of the "Now" or present differs in its representational nature from the psychological future and past. The writer argues that the mental representation of the future and past leads to an abstract "timeless" depiction of the physical world.
In Chapter 9, Corballis looks at what is referred to us "mental time travel" or the psychological ability to remember the past and imagine the future. Corballis argues that Mental Time Travel evolved naturally from Evolution and that animals may have the capacity for Mental Time Travel but possibly not in regards a sense of self or self narrative. Corballis argues that in humans language involves and evolves Mental Time Travel. The chapter also looks at the hippocampus' involvement in MTT in the brains of both humans and animals.
Chapter 10 extends on the previous chapter by looking at "chronethesia" which is the more narrative aspect of Mental Time Travel possessed by humans and involves the subjective projection of the self in time in relation to the body and our knowledge of death or our own mortality.
Chapter 11 sites Corballis' examination of episodic memory and sense of self and argues that examples of mental or brain disorder such as schizophrenia and alzheimers show how episodic memory and sense of self can come apart. In disorders such as Alzheimers someone may retain as sense of "I" or acting self but lose a conceptual sense of self or a "me" sense of self.
Chapter 12 is a short article on the hippocampus, episodic memory and mental time travel. Evidence is sited for similar hippocampal structures used in both humans and birds for spatial processing and imagination.
Chapter 13 looks at how past, present or future orientated thinking in people can influence personality traits, social and cultural structures. The chapter also looks at the different neural structures associated with past, present or future orientated thinking.
Chapter 14 is a long chapter that looks at the notion of time in physics and temporal anomalies in conscious experience. The chapter explores: time as understood in Einstein Special and General Relativity; Quantum theory - looking at quantum entanglement and the Everett Interpretation of Multiple Universes; Godel or Rotating Universes and Tachyons - that involve violations of causation or so-called "backward" causation; the psychological phenomena of Deja Vu and evidence for human precognition.
Chapter 15 explores the psychiatrists Carl Jung's notion of Synchronicity (meaningful coincidences) and suggests that they could be explained by quantum entanglement. The chapters suggest that Freudian unconscious, pre-conscious and conscious states may be entangled "qu-bit" states in the brain. The article is brief and although it states it entails a "no-collapse" model of quantum processes it does not elaborate why. Nor does it explain why the writers feel that "mental states are non-reducible (just correlated) to brain states."
Chapter 16 looks at an Everett "Many Worlds" interpretation of quantum mechanics where perceptions or mental events are fundamental. The writer argues that quantum theory entails that there are many worlds or "channels" of experienced events which can be explicated better with addition of what he calls an "anthropic quotient" which is a measure of the rate of conscious thought or thoughts per unit of time.
Chapter 17 looks again at time as in relates to Einstein's theories and the "Many Worlds" model of Quantum Mechanics. This chapter is written by the same person who wrote chapter seven (Joseph) and covers much of the same territory with some of the same paragraphs copied verbatim. However, the chapter focuses more on how the Many Worlds Model of QM can be used to account for possible temporal paradoxes created by time travel.
Chapter 18 closes with a purely physics perspective of how time travel may occur with black holes and/or worm holes. Amongst other ideas, this chapter looks at how the gravitational effects of black holes could create "tears" in the fabric of space-time which cause time to travel backwards or from future to past thus creating mirror universes.
Overall this book is a fascinating read for anyone interested in questions regarding the nature of consciousness, time and reality. However, all the chapters in this book should be seen as a brief introduction into many of the contributing writers ideas. One feels that hours if not years could be spent elaborating on and challenging some of the ideas in this book. After all, the ideas in this book cover a vast and controversial scope of science, philosophy and psychology.