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The Religion of Technology: The Divinity of Man and the Spirit of Invention Paperback – April 1, 1999
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The Religion of Technology is equal parts history and polemics. Noble explores the religious roots of Western technology by linking today's secular technophilia with the ancient Christian dream of humanity's redemption. Noble argues that, historically, the most powerful technological advances (Newtonian physics, the engineering profession, space exploration) have been driven by explicitly spiritual and humane ambitions, but that the last several decades have brought a new kind of technology that is impatient with life and unconcerned with basic human needs. The Religion of Technology is an authoritative, erudite, and often persuasive book. --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.
From Library Journal
For social historian Noble (history, York Univ., Toronto), Western culture's persistent enchantment with technology finds its roots in religious imagination. Despite their varied guises and pursuits, science and technology suggest nothing more than our "enduring, other-worldly quest for transcendence and salvation." The pearl of great value is Noble's contention that science and technology aren't guilty of amorality: that was never the intent. Rather, he claims, new technologies aren't about meeting human need; they transcend it. Salvation through technology "has become the unspoken orthodoxy." Such is the new Gnosticism. This is a dense, fascinating study of technology and Christianity. Not satisfied with easy equivalencies, Noble challenges the idea of post-Enlightenment science as a secular brave new world and quietly offers that what we're really hoping for is our reentry into Eden. Recommended for science and religion collections.?Sandra Collins, Pittsburgh Theological Seminary Lib.
Copyright 1997 Reed Business Information, Inc. --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.
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Top Customer Reviews
I would have liked a much deeper engagement with the causes and nature of this shift in thinking, but according to the author, "the reasons remain obscure". It is a bit frustrating throughout the book that the author is apparently completely ignorant of the existence of Christianity outside of western Europe, and the significant and enlightening differences between the two. For example, Eastern Christianity never identified the "image of God" with both body and soul, but emphatically only the soul. Likewise, chiliasm (millennialism) never took hold in Eastern Christianity (Orthodoxy), where the quest for perfection was always a quest for internal perfection, a paradise of the heart, not paradise on earth. A discussion of this difference would have been enlightening, or at least a deeper look at this shift in the West that the author identifies - it seemed like a crucial point to me.
Overall, his engagement with his subject is a bit superficial. Granted, this is a work of pop history not an academic text, but his heavy reliance on secondary sources left me wondering if his analysis was just the rehashed conclusions of works that support his thesis rather than a critical engagement with the subject matter. For example, is his emphasis on the influence of Joachim of Fiore accurate? Is he fairly presenting the theological position of Scotus Erigena, or distorting it to fit his thesis? Am I being misled for the sake of his ultimate motives?
By the time I reached the end of the book, I felt justified in this feeling as the author's ultimate position is finally revealed. He opens the book saying "It is the aim of this book to demonstrate that the present enchantment with things technological - the very measure of modern enlightenment - is rooted in religious myths and ancient imaginings." In the final chapter, tellingly titled "The Politics of Perfection", he explicitly states his true thesis - to demonstrate that the "religion of technology" is ultimately driven not by a desire to improve this world, but by the basically religious desire to transcend and escape this world.
The problem with this thesis is that it is easily contradicted by a fair reading of today's technological futurists like Ray Kurzweil, who, in "The Singularity is Now" certainly expresses desire to transcend this world through technology, but also constantly justifies advances in genetic engineering, nanotech, and advanced AI robotics by discussing the tremendous benefits to humanity and the promise of greatly alleviating human suffering. To oppose these technologies is to perpetuate massive human suffering for the sake of Luddite ideology, according to Kurzweil. This only confirms my suspicions that the author is more concerned with grinding his axe than with really getting to the bottom of these issues.
Despite my reservations, I still give the book four stars because, for me, it has provided a fascinating introductory study of connections between certain tendencies in Christian thought and the technological impulse. The author has done a good enough job that I had a thrilling read, and a lot of resources to keep me busy in my own research for years to come.
This is meant, I think, to be a popular book rather than an academic text. The author has his story-line and sticks too it fairly well: as with any 'popular' book, if you dig from one discipline into its minutia, you're going to find flaws and biases. Books can be great still. Because it is a popular book dealing with more or less of an arcane area, it does have a tendency to ramble between lots of stuff that most people generally haven't heard of: if you sit back and let the whole picture come into focus, I have found, in the end, you're still left with a worthwhile read.
To the reviewer who said that this book only focused on the development of technology and its interplay with religion in the West: it could be argued that only in the West could the author's thesis be proved: religious devotion was a cause of technolgical development and not vice-versa (i.e. religion/religious groups reacted to technology in the form of change in doctrine, practice, etc.: like the development of the different 'modern' branches of Judaism in the nineteenth century OR changes in Islam toward fundamentalist, anti-Western belief caused partially by technology... I can't think of any better non-Western examples...)
This is a worthwhile read; I'm pretty sure that its worth the fifteen dollars or whatever it costs. Buy it if you're in the mood for a challenging, good read on this sort of subject matter....
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