Resistance and Rebellion: Lessons from Eastern Europe (Studies in Rationality and Social Change) 1st Edition
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"...a good building block in development of a general approach to an important subject and contains a comprehensive bibliography." CHOICE
"...the book's contributions should be of interest to a wide audience of scholars concerned with collective action and comparative methodology." Contemporary Sociology
"This book presents an innovative attempt to examine how and why, at certain times, ordinary people decide to incur grave risks by rebelling against overwhelmingly powerful oppressors. . . . The substantive findings reported in Resistance and Rebellion should be of great relevance both to area specialists and to social movement experts. Petersen's impressive methodology, moreover, will stand as an illuminating example of research design for many researchers in positive political science and sociology across various sub-fields." Social Movement Studies
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But I don't think this theory adequately explains the combustible nature of Lithuania or the Soviet borderlands in general in their see-saw between Hitler and Stalin. First, these societies were not particularly violent in normal daily life. There is no Balkan or Caucasian cult of personal honor and blood revenge. It was the occupation that created the conditions of violence by kicking over the established states, institutions, and routines that hedged people's behavior. They resisted, in short, because they paradoxically had the freedom and opportunity, as well as the necessity, of resistance.
Secondly, the resistance wasn't (and never is) as universal as its participants wish to believe. There are always large segments of the native population who don't want to get involved in resistance violence, whether from principal or timidity. As Alexander Statiev presented in "The Soviet Counter-Insurgency in the Western Borderlands," much of the partisans' time and effort went into policing the locals and purging their own ranks as in resisting the enemy, with often counter-productive results that the occupiers turned to advantage.
As I said, a good work with a good analysis but doesn't go far enough, in my opinion, in analyzing its subject.