- Paperback: 464 pages
- Publisher: Oxford University Press; 1 edition (June 3, 2011)
- Language: English
- ISBN-10: 0199828237
- ISBN-13: 978-0199828234
- Product Dimensions: 9.2 x 0.9 x 6.1 inches
- Shipping Weight: 1.8 pounds (View shipping rates and policies)
- Average Customer Review: 4.3 out of 5 stars See all reviews (27 customer reviews)
- Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #430,306 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
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Rhythms of the Brain 1st Edition
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"Gyorgy Buzsaki's Rhythms of the Brain is an excellent compendium on the rapidly expanding research into the mechanisms and functions of neuronal synchronization. Buzsaki presents such synchronization as a binding glue that integrates many levels of neuroscientific investigation with one another and with neighboring disciplines...Buzsaki manages to elegantly integrate insights from physics, engineering, and cognitive psychology with contributions from cellular, systems, cognitive, and theoretical neuroscience."--Science
"This is definitely an intriguing book that provides a comprehensive review of current knowledge on brain rhythms...this book is worth the time."--Doody's
"In Rhythms of the Brain, Gyorgy Buzsaki does a remarkable job of summarizing a vast body of literature on the topic...The book is a 'must read' for anyone interested in understanding the functioning of large and complex brain circuits."--Nature
"What makes this book so valuable is its range; Buzsaki has a worldly intellect, open to information from any discipline that provides insight, while insisting on a rigorous distinction between fact and baloney...Perhaps the greatest value of Rhythms of the Brain is that it provides a starting point for students and scientists who see the importance of this field and want to get a solid overview."--Nature Neuroscience
"In this entertaining monograph the author addresses issues related to the genesis of brain rhythms and their contribution to the "invisible operations of the brain"...one of the most thought-provoking and fun books in neuroscience that I have read in some time."--Mathematical Reviews
"Highly original exposition of a broad swathe of modern neuroscience. Indeed, it brings together so many apparently disparate strands, and levels on the reductionistic scale, that it deserves a must read score, especially for neuroscientists looking to get an up-to-date and challenging exposition of many of the big questions, even if they are not fundamentally interested in oscillations per se...If sharp wave ripples, associated with consummatory behavior in rodents, have the same connotations in humans, they too will likely occur in the readers brain as a reward for the attention this book deserves."--Neuron
"The book is beautifully written...This book is seriously recommended for those who truly wonder about the brain and its function."--Neuroscience
"For the non-scientist reader, a really good science book is almost never about science as much as it is about the scientist...But then comes along a book by a literature, engaging scientist. This author, you quickly realize, is willing to take a complex topic and explain, with patience, humility and a modicum of humor as the effort progresses, (1) why he or she thinks one way and not another, (2) discuss with honesty and integrity what is known about the subject and what isn't close to being confirmed and (3) detail candidly the dirty little secrets of the experimental laboratories and the secret little condescensions and the subtle omissions of the experimenters...As it turns out, the rhythms of Dr. Buzsaki's mind have produced a fascinating read that a scientifically curious non-scientist can follow if they are willing to make the effort." --BrainTechnologies
About the Author
György Buzsáki is a Board of Governors Professor of Neuroscience at Rutgers University. His primary research interests are in brain oscillations, sleep and memory, and with more than 200 papers published on these topics, he is among the top 250 most-cited neuroscientists. Dr. Buzsáki is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and honorary member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, and he sits on the editorial boards of several leading neuroscience journals.
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Top customer reviews
My interest in neuroscience started by wondering about all the unique and complex tasks that brain can perform, this book helped me to organize my pieces of knowledge and get a broader perspective on various brain's functions and coordination between them. Since I got this book, in despite my exhaustion from all the student life demands, I was looking forward to my nights to immerse myself another cycle of the book. Although the book is presenting you with the advanced and forefront information of a textbook, but the storytelling style of the author makes it joyful and easy on you to follow.
This book is not only a great source for learning about complicated functions of the brain, but also it serves as an excellent introduction to complex systems. Author's bright views and deep knowledge of the field and sub-fields made the book comprehensible for readers with even little background. Footnotes are another book within this book and introduce great sources for more in depth understanding of the concepts brought up if you are interested in them.
Overall goal of the book is to explain the neural synchronization and its role in coordinating various levels of brain mechanism and uniting them. Author does this by first introducing various underlined mechanisms and organization in context of the brain and the biophysical explanations behind them. Then he introduces the reader to various techniques being used for the study of the brain. In the next chapters he introduces oscillations and their roles to tie up various brain organizations and functions.
Book consists of 13 chapters named cycles with enchanting quotes at the beginning of the chapter. Here I'll provide a short summary of the chapters.
Cycle 1 is the introduction of the book starts with the history of discovering brain waves. Within this chapter author provides an overview of the book and introduces readers to some of the basic terms.
Cycle 2, named "structure defines function" provides overview of the structure of the brain, more specifically neocortex at the cellular level and talks about the connectivity within it in macro level. Author talks about five principal cell types in the brain and how various interneurons provide most efficient and precise connectivity of the circuit. Then in cycle 3, "diversity of the cortical function is provided by inhibition", he further explains how the action of inhibitory (GABAergic) interneurons provide the complexity and precise timing and function of the brain.
Cycle 4, "windows on the brain" is the transition to the neural oscillations. This chapter talks about various microscopic and macroscopic neurophysiological techniques that have been utilized to study the brain activity both in-vitro and in-vivo.
Cycle 5, "a system of rhythms: from simple to complex dynamics" as Buzsáki' state in the beginning of the chapter: "The central tenet of this Cycle, which is echoed throughout the book, is that brain dynamics constantly shift from the complex to the predictable." Now that he settled the reader on the essential architecture and wiring system of the brain, he starts his main point of the book, oscillations of the networks in the brain and their synchrony. As throughout the book he settle you down with the terminology and the background on oscillations and then familiarize you with its role in the dynamics of the brain.
Cycle 6, "synchronization by oscillation" builds on the previous chapter and investigate further oscillation, resonance and synchrony. Author distinguishes oscillators and resonance by bringing notion of negative feedback as a requirement for the oscillation. Then he categorizes the neuronal oscillators as chaotic oscillators. Further he talks about the role of the synchrony in emerging the collective behavior of the neurons. He describes neuronal synchrony by a nice analogy: "If you have seen Luis Bravo's Broadway extravaganza Forever Tango, you can picture the qualitative essence of neuronal synchrony: coupling through time by some invisible links." At the end he talks about the neuronal assemblies and their role in self-organization and cognitive function of the brain.
In cycles 7, 8 and 9, respectively "The brain's default state: self-organization oscillations in rest and sleep", "Perturbation of the defined patterns by experience", and " The Gamma Buzz - gluing by the oscillation in the waking brain" author talks about various aspects of the wake sleep cycles. Cycle 7 describes the role of thalamus in relying information and self-organization of the thalamocortical networks in wake sleep cycles.
In cycle 8, he defines sleep as the spontaneous and default state of the brain, talks about the role of the sleep in synaptic plasticity and memory consolidation. IN this chapter he presents various studies and emphasize on the importance of further investigations of brain rhythms in sleep and its role in the awake experiences.
Finally cycle 9, is more emphasizing on the waking experiences and various theories that exist about it. He starts the chapter by investigating "binding hypothesis" and various suggested models for it. Further he introduces gamma oscillation as a dominant field pattern in the waking states that is essential for precise timing and neuronal oscillations. Then he talks about Gamma's possible role in solving the binding problem.
After talking about the waking states in the cycle 9, author transits to talk about perception and action as two characteristics in waking brain in cycle 10, "Perception and action are brain-state dependent". He talks about how brain states are internally coordinated and suggests that: "brain is compelled to interpret and that the interpretation is a combined effect of the physical nature of the input and the temporally evolving spontaneous brain state".
The last three cycles, been the most striving chapters of the book due to dense and cutting edge information that has been presented. But this didn't made it any less joyful and actually they have been my favorite chapters.
Cycle 11, "Oscillations in the "Other Cortex": Navigation in Real and Memory Space", is focused on the memory formation. In this chapter he explore hippocampus organizations and oscillations and its role in memory formation. This was one of my favorite chapters of the book.
Cycles 12 and 13 are where that author puts various pieces of the information presented together as he quotes in the beginning of the chapter to "solve the decisive problems found in organization and order unifying them, resulting from dynamic interaction of parts". These two chapters are least studied, but the author provides us with current investigations and the discussions in the field on these broader problems.
In cycle 12, "Coupling of Systems by Oscillations" author talks about oscillatory packing of the information, and role of the theta oscillation in this processes and coupling of the hippocampus and neocortex. Author investigates the cross frequency coupling of various oscillators in the brain, and mentions that these processes are not studied well enough.
At the end in the cycle 13 "Tough problems", he wraps up the book by putting together all various cycles and at the end he talks about consciousness. In this last chapter author again emphasize the distinct property of the brain: "The most striking, yet perhaps the least appreciated, behavior of cortical net- works is their regenerative, spontaneous activity. This self-generated neuronal activity is what is constantly added to the sensory inputs. Every spike, sensory evoked or spontaneous, in cortical principal cells can reach distant neurons." Author mentions that consciousness is collection of this spontaneous activity and brain's interaction with environment and other brains. He ends the book as: "It may turn out that the rhythms of the brain are also the rhythms of the mind." and add his last footnote that a new story should begin here.
As Buzsáki says in his prelude "Clarity, critical details, and giving proper credit compete for the space, and achieving the appropriate balance is the most difficult thing in writing the book." and once you read the book you would agree with me that he mastered that in this book. Actually that is what makes this book thoroughly interesting and readable despite presence of all these complicated concepts presented.
With just a little background in the field you can definitely enjoy reading this book, my recommendation is re-reading the book, especially if you are new to the field. My second journey through the book helped me to comprehend this dense book, especially the last three chapters, better. Besides I truly enjoyed reading the footnotes and some of the resources presented there, they have been extremely helpful.
You can be assured that this is an equally challenging read for laymen, mathematicians, physicists and neuroscientists. The exposition is relatively complete: he tells you the facts that you need, but he asks you to synthesize across many fields. The payoff: This should be required reading for people who want to investigate how the brain creates the mind. Starting here will put you well ahead of your colleagues.
Also a word of warning: despite, or perhaps because of the completeness of the text, the book may not be very reader-friendly in some places: Full understanding of new theories or topics may require additional reading of the references, chiefly in chapter 11 and 12. Also, everyone I know who read this book took a pretty long time reading it through. In a way, it is not so much an explanation as it is a reference book.
If you have not read other books dealing with this subject, I recommend reading 'A Universe Of Consciousness' by Edelman and Tononi, first.
Most recent customer reviews
need to have some background in neuroscience to appreciate this book
great for undergrads or grad students interested in oscillations