This volume reexamines a long-standing debate in social psychology about consistency in personality. The controversy centers on the issue of whether there is evidence of consistent and stable expressions of personality characteristics in people's behavior in different situations or whether behavior is largely situation specific. Barbara Krahe reconsiders the concept of consistency in terms of the systematic coherence of situation cognition and behavior across situations. After examining recent social psychological models of situation cognition, she advances an individual-centered methodology in which nomothetic or universal hypotheses about cross-situational coherence are tested on the basis of idiographic or individual measurement of situation cognition and behavior.
Dr. Krahe then reports a series of empirical studies that apply the individual-centered framework to the analysis of cross-situational coherence in the domain of anxiety-provoking situations. These studies are distinctive in that they extend over several months and use free-response data; they are based on idiographic sampling; and they employ explicit theoretical models to capture the central features of situation perception. The results demonstrate the benefits of integrating idiographic and nomothetic research strategies and exploiting the advantages of both perspectives. -- Book Description
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This 1990 volume was written to re-examine the long-standing controversy about consistency in personality from a social psychological perspective. Barbara Krahé reconsiders the concept of consistency in terms of the systematic coherence of situation cognition and behaviour across situations.