- Paperback: 360 pages
- Publisher: Princeton University Press (July 1, 1999)
- Language: English
- ISBN-10: 069101034X
- ISBN-13: 978-0691010342
- Product Dimensions: 6.8 x 0.9 x 8.9 inches
- Shipping Weight: 14.4 ounces (View shipping rates and policies)
- Average Customer Review: 2 customer reviews
- Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #1,623,030 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
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Socializing Capital: The Rise of the Large Industrial Corporation in America
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"Socializing Capital is a shining example of the `new economic sociology.' Roy's question is bold because it challenges the economic orthodoxy that the modern corporation arose because of its efficiency. His answer is creative because it weaves together insights from power and institutional perspectives to revise the history of the modern corporation."--Frank Dobbin, Contemporary Sociology
"William G. Roy's ambitious book about the ascendancy of the large industrial corporation in the United States sheds new light on a complex and timely subject.... Socializing Capital is a significant scholarly work, rich in detail, that makes important contributions to the historical study of corporate power."--Scott R. Bowman, American Journal of Sociology
"Richly detailed, this book builds on the significant work of historians, economists, and social scientists who have dominated the field of business history for a generation or more. It is a major contribution. . . . "--Choice
From the Back Cover
"The first thoroughly sociological inquiry into the rise of corporate capitalism I know of, and the most trenchant critique of the prevailing 'efficiency theorists' we are likely to have for some time. The book abounds with stunning insights into the rocky and highly contingent history of the industrial corporation, closely argued and very well documented. These are laurels Roy can rest on for a long time after this immense and exciting effort."--Charles Perrow, Yale University
"Genuinely interesting, well-written, clear, forceful. I was most impressed with the wealth of material that the author presented. Socializing Capital is a story that deserves to be told, and it will receive a lot of attention."--Mark S. Mizruchi, University of Michigan
Top customer reviews
Socializing Capital examines the rise of large corporations in America. While the book focuses on the period around 1900, it examines the development of corporations from the founding of the United States until the twentieth century. Originally, corporations were chartered by state legislatures to perform needed public services especially for developing transportation through canals, turnpikes, and railroads. The economic difficulties of the 1830s and 1840s brought pressure for the separation of state control over corporations. At the same time corporations became an inalienable right rather than a privilege. According to the author, railroads were the first to develop corporations as we know them today; the Civil war being the precipitating event for the creation of the corporate infrastructure. The water shed years for incorporation were 1898 to 1904 in which most transformations occurred. Instead of individual or private owners, companies were owned by groups of investors and stockholders, which in turn led to a new type of property in which the owners actual surrender many of their rights and responsibilities in running a company. In return, they receive limited liability and other benefits of incorporation such as eminent domain and free public land. The author uses the term "socialized capital" to denote this type of property which is held in common by many instead of one or a few. Overall, the author's main thesis is that Efficiency Theory, the theory that corporations thrived because of the increased efficiency of technology and integration, fails to account for the dominance of corporations in America. Instead, the author argues that it reflects the power of business and government leaders to define the situation, a critical feature of the institutionalization process of corporations. In essence, the predominance of corporations in America can best be understood in terms of the power and influence their socialized capital was able to exert. The author tells us that it is better to understand the future of corporate America in terms of its power rather than efficiency.
The book is written on a very high level and appears to be more for a person with a background in business or sociology. It uses many technical terms in long wordy sentences. To the initiated it may prove a profound and thought provoking book. From an historical perspective it is interesting because it reveals the origins of corporate America and reveals the important transformations which it has undergone to bring it to its present day status.
Re-examining the dogmas that surround free markets is one of the most urgent tasks facing social science today. Unfortunately, "Socializing Capital" will turn off most readers. It's repetitive, drenched in sociological jargon, and too quick to editorialize against the sins of corporations. It almost completely ignores the rise of industrial corporations in other countries, which suggests that factors deeper than sheer historical accidents were at work. Worst of all, the author seems more intent on scoring points off of competing schools and scholars then in telling a story gracefully. I'd recommend the book only for specialists already familiar with the literature.