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Tacit and Explicit Knowledge Paperback – June 1, 2010
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His basic notion is that explicit knowledge is knowledge that can be represented as a string and passed through an intermediary (such as the Internet) without any loss of information. A string is a general term to represent characters, numbers, computer codes etc. The book is a fascinating exploration of the differences between human and artificial intelligence and links together many of the interesting experiments (both thought and actual) that have been published in the last 50 years.
He introduces some very interesting ideas. For example, the degree to which tacit knowledge is required to understand strings, even compose them in the first place.
He revisits Michael Polanyi's discussion on riding bicycles with the notion of somatic tacit knowledge, knowledge that becomes part of our body for the performance of mechanical tasks. He argues that this can be reduced to mechanical instructions, even though these instructions could not reasonably be performed by human in the required timescale. What attracted my attention was a footnote in which he dismisses actor network theory as "the so-called actor network theory has succeeded brilliantly in the academic market place by cleverly failing to acknowledge this obvious asymmetry and claiming that its absence from the theory represents a philosophical insight.Read more ›
Explicit knowledge is easily taught skills that are specifc and goal directed, but the elements of explicit knowledge are isolated and don't necessarily lead to a deep understanding of a topic. Whereas Tacit knowledge is far harder to pick up, almost needs to be learnt from a master, but is far more powerful and integrated when it is learnt. For example, basic welding can be broken down into explicit training elements and is learnt easily by most people, but building a sculptural piece out of steel that contributes to the world of creativity can not be broken down and takes many years of trial and error and a much furrowed brow.
What this book does well: it is a very readable and steps through the history of the development and study of tacit knowledge. It builds up the differences between explicit and tacit knowledge in incremental steps. It also provides a dsicussion of some alternates to the dicotic view of knowledge.
While not addressed directly this book explains the reason for the failure of most internet based education in that they attempt to address tacit ideas whereas the media it is better suited to present explicit learning.Read more ›