- Hardcover: 168 pages
- Publisher: Oxford University Press; 1 edition (March 21, 2012)
- Language: English
- ISBN-10: 0199740119
- ISBN-13: 978-0199740116
- Product Dimensions: 9.3 x 0.9 x 6.3 inches
- Shipping Weight: 14.4 ounces (View shipping rates and policies)
- Average Customer Review: 7 customer reviews
- Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #2,064,025 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
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Tausret: Forgotten Queen and Pharaoh of Egypt 1st Edition
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one cannot but welcome a book-length tratment of a lady who has long lurked in the shadows ... Reign-specific studies are something that continue to be needed in Egyptian history and this is a useful addition to a still-scarce, albeit growing, corpus. * Aidan Dodson, Egyptian Archaeology *
About the Author
Richard H. Wilkinson is Regents' Professor of Egyptian Archaeology at the University of Arizona, director of the University of Arizona Egyptian Expedition, and editor of the Journal of Ancient Egyptian Interconnections.
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Tausret was the wife of Seti II, then regent for the child king Siptah and finally the last Pharaoh of Egypt's Nineteenth Dynasty. After her death a man named Sethnakht becomes Pharaoh and initiates the Twentieth Dynasty.
This book contains the results of recent excavations of Tausret's mortuary temple at Thebes and gives a detailed analysis of the recent re-examination of her tomb in the Valley of the Kings. A number of interesting facts are mentioned in the book, including:
1) Tausret may be the Egyptian King mentioned in the Illiad
2) Chancellor Bay, long thought to have been a supporter of Siptah and Tausret, may have been their political opponent
3) A recently studied ostracon tells us that Bay was actually executed by the King (but it does not tell us which king)
The book is well written; laymen and scholars alike will find it readable and interesting. The authors are all recognized experts in the field and the research is as up-to-date as possible. My only complaints are that the list price of $35 is a bit steep for a book that is only 145 pages long and that some of the color photos should have been Photshopped before being included as some of the colors are more than a little "off". The material is quite interesting however and I would recommend this book to anyone interested in Egyptian history.
Pharaoh Tausret was a descended to Ramesses II, who because of his long reign outlived many of his children and grandchildren. His longevity created a crisis in Egypt because there were very few heirs left to succeed him. His thirteenth son, Merenptah succeeded him, and he reigned for thirteen years. After Merenptah’s death there was dissent among the royal family regarding the succession, in which it involved to have an effect of Tausret. She was the queen consort of Sety II, the eldest son of Merenptah but Setty II was challenged by Amenmesse, whose origins are still unclear, that also claimed himself as Pharaoh. However Amenmesse died a few year later leaving Sety II as the sole ruler of Egypt.
Like Hatshepsut, a female pharaoh who reigned Egypt before her, Queen Tausret was queen regent to Siptah after Sety II’s death. Siptah, was a child and the son of a Canaanite woman and possibly Amenmesse. There was also a man of obscure origins named Bay that rose to become the most powerful man at court. Only Bay ended up being executed by Pharaoh Siptah. However after Siptah’s sudden death there was no other legitimate ruler to succeed the Egyptian throne. In order to help preserve the succession of Egypt during this dynastic crisis, Tauret become pharaoh. Unlike the Hatshepsut, Tausret was sole ruler, and did not dress up like a man but instead kept her female image. Because there was no one to fulfill the queenly duties, she played both the roles of queen and king. The end of her reign is unknown, and the majority of her memory has been erased until the nineteenth century. The very few records of her in ancient history gives her identity as a male king.
Overall, I found this book to be interesting and fascinating. The book not only recounts her reign, but it also analyzes the positions and roles of royal women in Egypt. It also undergoes a detailed study and examination of the archeology of Tausret’s monuments, tomb (Ramesses III usurped her tomb in honor of his father Sethnahkt, who was the successor and possible overthrower of Tausret), and temple. This book shows Tausret as an admirable and skilled ruler that is worthy of taking her place among powerful pharaohs of Egypt. I recommend this book to anyone interested in Egypt and others who are curious of learning about this little-known female pharaoh.