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Texas, New Mexico, and the Compromise of 1850: Boundary Dispute and Sectional Crisis Hardcover – February, 1996
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the advantages of a protective system and an integrated economy. Clay corresponded with Carey, who influence is evident in Clay’s major speech to the Committee
of the Whole on March 30 and 31.”
“The speech ... used the phrase “American System” in its soon to be famous domestic context for the first time ... but it gained wide currency, and Clay used
is as a campaign document, distributing it in those states that benefitted most from a tariff.”
The House passed the 1824 tariff by five votes, and thus cemented the American system into economic policy.
While Henry Clay had little to do with the Missouri Compromise of 1820, he had a a lot to do with the “Compromise of 1850, which actually revolved a great deal
around the territory of New Mexico, which has been “acquired” by the US in the war against Mexico, vocally opposed by Abraham Lincoln, during his short tenure in
the U.S. Congress, where he challenged President Polk to identify “the spot” where American blood had been spilled by Mexican forces.
However, Lincoln was careful to not oppose any appropriations for the War, which essentially stole everything from New Mexico to California from Mexican sovereignty.
Arizona did not yet exist as a word, and this no man’s land was called “Deseret”. THere were 15 slave holding states, and 15 non slave states in the Union, so the balance was precarious,
and Texas would add another slave holding state, to be balanced by California. The big question was where the Texas boundary would lie after the Mexican war.Read more ›