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The Theology of B. B. Warfield: A Systematic Summary Hardcover – September 2, 2010
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“Serious Christians who have dipped into Warfield find his writings to be a wholly admirable mix of rigorous exegesis, mature theological synthesis, and frank devotion to Christ. Much of his work is known only to specialists, not least because when Warfield first published it, it was scattered over many journals and books. Indeed, a fair bit of it was never published. Zaspel’s Warfield remedies the problem admirably: one hopes and prays that it will entice a new generation of readers to delve deeply into Warfield’s contributions.”
—D. A. Carson, research professor of New Testament, Trinity Evangelical Divinity School; cofounder, The Gospel Coalition
“B. B. Warfield’s distinguished achievements as a systematic theologian have been obscured by the episodic, ad hoc publication of his major theological statements. But even if Warfield did not think it necessary that he write a single, connected systematic theology, it is nonetheless most welcome that Fred Zaspel has done the job for him! The result is a very useful compendium that gives both admirers and detractors of Warfield a full and coherent account of his theology. All who are in the least interested in Warfield or who care at all about vigorous Calvinist theology will find this a most valuable book.”
—Mark A. Noll, Francis A. McAnaney Professor of History, University of Notre Dame; editor, Protestantism after 500 Years
“B. B. Warfield does not need an introduction for evangelical Christians. He is well known as a major conservative theologian at the close of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth centuries. His scholarship in biblical, historical, and doctrinal fields was often without a match. As a Professor in Didactic and Polemic Theology in Princeton Theological Seminary, he was content to use the three volumes of Charles Hodge’s Systematic Theology as the textbook and to pour out the fruits of his labor in a flow of searching articles in a number of theological reviews. Many of these have been republished in book form, but they have not been systematically arranged in one text. That is what Dr. Zaspel has done in culling from the great mass of Warfield’s writings his actual statements in the order they could have followed had Warfield written a one-volume Reformed theology. In this form Warfield may enjoy a renewed effectiveness for our age. With great enthusiasm I highly recommend this volume and hope it will receive a wide reception.”
—Roger Nicole, ETS Co-founder and its Seventh President
“B. B. Warfield was without doubt the greatest of the theological minds of Old Princeton, and he remains a towering influence within both his own confessional Presbyterian tradition and wider conservative evangelicalism. Nevertheless, while his writings are still in print, clearly written, and very accessible, their occasional nature means that there is no convenient way of gaining from them a good grasp of the overall shape of his theology. Until now, that is. In this volume, pastor-theologian and passionate Warfield aficionado Fred Zaspel has produced a work of historical and theological synthesis that sets Warfield’s thought in context and offers a comprehensive account of his thought on the major loci of theology and the controverted points of his day. In this, Fred has left us all—the veteran Warfield fan and the neophyte—deeply in his debt.”
—Carl R. Trueman, Paul Woolley Chair of Church History and professor of church history, Westminster Theological Seminary; author, The Creedal Imperative and Luther on the Christian Life
“Well before the transdenominational convergence of what we now call the evangelical church, B. B. Warfield spent forty years as the Presbyterian Horatius, holding the bridge that leads into the citadel of the Westminster Standards against those he saw as spoilers from the wastelands of liberalism. A heavyweight academic and a complete player in the fields of systematic, exegetical, historical, and polemical theology, he scattered his wisdom in hundreds of articles, which this book surveys and integrates with great skill. Warfield can now be seen in his full stature as the godly giant that he was, thanks to Fred Zaspel’s labor of love. Best thanks, and hallelujah!”
—J. I. Packer, Board of Governors' Professor of Theology, Regent College
“This work is long overdue. That a theologian of the stature of B.B. Warfield should not have had a comprehensive overview of his entire corpus such as this one by Dr Zaspel says far more about the thinking of Evangelicals and the ranks of the Reformed in the twentieth century than it does about Warfield. This truly excellent and eminently readable work will serve both as a primer to Warfield's thought as well as an outline of the systematic theology he never wrote. Highly recommended.”
—Michael A. G. Haykin, professor of church history and biblical spirituality, The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary
“B. B. Warfield was the last towering figure in a long line of Old School Presbyterian intellectuals known for their unshakable faith in the truth of Scripture and their practical, experiential Calvinism. That strain of scholarly conviction had a long history in New England, especially in Princeton. Its seeds were planted by New England’s earliest Puritan ministers—men such as John Cotton and Richard Mather. It gained widespread influence (and set down roots in the soil of Princeton) under the ministry of Jonathan Edwards. It gave birth to Princeton Theological Seminary under the leadership of Archibald Alexander. Charles and A. A. Hodge carried on the legacy at Princeton Seminary, and when the younger Hodge died in 1886, B. B. Warfield became that institution’s fourth Principal. He also was its last great conservative theologian. Both profound and prolific, Warfield produced an invaluable body of theological and polemical writings that remain immensely influential—because the issues Warfield contended with are virtually the same issues that trouble the church today.
“Fred Zaspel’s work is the first detailed, readable digest of Warfield’s theology, and it is an immensely helpful volume. Dr. Zaspel puts Warfield’s published writings in clear perspective against the theological issues that dominated that era. He also shows how those same issues—and Warfield’s clear and persuasive teaching—remain relevant to us today. Dr. Zaspel writes with such clarity and simplicity that this volume will be a valuable help and encouragement to lay people and serious theologians as well—a highly recommended addition to anyone’s library.”
—John MacArthur, Pastor, Grace Community Church, Sun Valley, California; President, The Master's University and Seminary
“The great B. B. Warfield was essentially an occasional writer. His works are largely made up of learned articles, encyclopedia entries, and popular journalism. Fred Zaspel had the great idea of rendering this vast body of material into a compendium, a Warfield systematic theology. He clearly has what it takes to do the job superbly well: a love for his subject, care and attention to detail, and, above all, a thorough knowledge of Warfield’s writing. The result is a book that does not replace the Warfield volumes, but provides an accurate, thematic entry into them. It will be of inestimable benefit to all students of this outstanding Reformed theologian. Well done!”
—Paul Helm, Teaching Fellow, Regent College; author, The Secret Providence of God
“The ‘Lion of Old Princeton’ roars and purrs in this helpful survey. The author finely displays the passion and wit as well as intellectual credibility of Warfield’s remarkable work.”
—Michael Horton, J. Gresham Machen Professor of Systematic Theology, Westminster Seminary California; author, Core Christianity: Finding Yourself in God's Story
About the Author
Fred G. Zaspel (PhD, Free University of Amsterdam) serves as the pastor at Reformed Baptist Church in Franconia, Pennsylvania, an adjunct professor of systematic theology at the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, and the executive director of Books At a Glance. He is the coauthor of New Covenant Theology and has published numerous booklets, articles, and book reviews.
Sinclair B. Ferguson (PhD, University of Aberdeen) is professor of systematic theology at Redeemer Seminary in Dallas, Texas, and the former senior minister of the First Presbyterian Church in Columbia, South Carolina. He is the author of several books, the most recent being By Grace Alone: How the Grace of God Amazes Me. Sinclair and his wife, Dorothy, have four grown children.
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I've raised the review to three stars on the promise of an updated kindle version. When the time comes that I can actually get a fixed kindle version I will remove this review.
At nineteen, Benjamin Warfield graduated first in his class, not from high school, but from Princeton University. After further education, he spent time preaching in Presbyterian churches and teaching at Western Theological Seminary before he began his career at Princeton, where he taught from 1887 to 1921. Warfield is known as one of the last of the great Princeton Theologians, "a towering figure in the counterattack against liberalism." Even those who disagree with his theology say that he "had the finest mind ever to teach at Princeton Theological Seminary."
J. Gresham Machen, one of Warfield's colleagues, said that Warfield "has done about as much work as ten ordinary men." That's hard to deny when we consider that Warfield wrote "more than 40 books and booklets, nearly seven hundred periodical articles, more than a thousand book reviews," and so on. That's too much for most of us to survey, but no need to worry, Fred Zaspel has done the work for us. Besides the above, Zaspel gleaned from Warfield's unpublished manuscripts, sermon notes, lecture notes, and even Warfield's student's class notes. There's a heap of research packed into these 600 pages, and there are thirteen pages of bibliography and innumerable footnotes to prove it.
Warfield was an apologist. In his day, nearly every historic Christian doctrine was under attack. This he could not ignore: "To be indifferent to doctrine is thus but another way of saying we are indifferent to Christianity." Most of his work, therefore, is a response to what he saw as a challenge to the gospel, which is why he is distinguished as "the polemic theologian."
Warfield is best known for his defense of the inspiration and inerrancy of Scripture. These doctrines, Zaspel writes, "were the issues of Warfield's day." Warfield saw, rightly, that "Apart from inspiration there is no reference point and therefore no well-grounded reason for the Christian hope or life. Without an inspired Bible the ground for any of Christianity's teachings is lost." Since Warfield published over 1,500 pages on the subject, it is only right that Zaspel spends a considerable amount of time on it, too. But the doctrine of Scripture wasn't Warfield's only interest. According to Zaspel, it wasn't even his primary interest:
"The person of Christ and his work clearly topped the list of Warfield's many interests as measured by his literary output and preaching....For Warfield, to maintain vigorously and carefully the doctrine of Christ set forth in Scripture is to preserve Christianity itself....Without question, in the person and work of Christ ...we have reached the heart of Benjamin Warfield."
The scope of Warfield's work is vast. "The theological labors of B.B. Warfield touch virtually every department of biblical and theological studies." We can say the same for Zaspel's book.
Zaspel writes for the serious student, so we can't fault him for using scholarly language. Most readers will benefit from a dictionary; I did, and I was happy to learn that "piacular" means "expiatory." But an English dictionary will only get you so far. Some of the questions that Zaspel works through revolve around the meaning and use of Greek words. These sections of the book, though few, give the non-Greek speaking audience trouble. Zaspel is also repetitive, which adds to the bulk of this already not so slim volume, but that will only be apparent to those who read straight through. When viewed as a reference, the repetition is probably necessary. Overall, Zaspel's book is accessible to anyone with a serious interest in Warfield or theology. It is well written, well edited, and well worth both the money and effort. It's hard to imagine anyone ever writing a more definitive work on this great theologian.
I received a complimentary review copy of this book from Crossway.
Pages 27 to 63 give a historic overview of the life of B.B. Warfield, his time in the Theological debate, and issues he dealt with in argument. Old Princeton proudly believed in not creating theology or bringing new philosophies into the academic world of Christian theology. This does not mean those who taught at Old Princeton lived in a vacuum, but had to make the argument that the Bible is inerrant, accurate, and God's chosen revelation. To this I mean B.B. Warfield had to make counter argument to those who would deny the accuracy of the Bible in recording God's Will and History. Princeton Seminary for the first one hundred years was an institution of Higher learning that defended Orthodox Bible theology and Calvinism against corrupted Biblical theology from onset. It was an institution that did not ignore the theology of rationalism and modernism, but made the argument against it. This is the fight B.B. Warfield joined. He defended the Supernaturalism of God's acts in the world: Supernaturalism belongs in Christianity. The Bible is meaningless if one denies the bodily resurrection of Jesus and the virgin Birth.
B.B. Warfield made the argument for the historic accuracy of the Bible and its inspiration from God. This work has seventy pages of Warfield's arguments against those who argue otherwise. The Theological Enterprise did not end here. This work develops his thoughts about Christian apologetics and the development of Christian theology. Arguments are made as proof the existence of God as described in scripture. The nature of God is discussed extensively: an elaborate description of the Biblical presentation of the Trinity, the humanity of Christ, the Deity of Christ, and the two natures of Christ; An expanded discussion of the nature of the Holy Spirit and the works of the Holy Spirit. This work includes forty pages on the anthropology of man which includes Warfield's thought on evolution and Biblical revelation, sin, repentance, and original sin. Also included is Eschatology- nature of God's Church and Soteriology- theology of Salvation.
B.B. Warfield never wrote a systematic theology. He felt Hodge's work adequate. This does not mean Warfield did not respond to what the world was saying about the revelation of God in the Bible. He did through many works. The author Fred G Zaspel attempts to provide a systematic summary of Warfield's arguments about the word of God: The theology of the Bible as argued by B.B. Warfield as compiled by Zaspel. I think this work will add Biblical knowledge to whoever reads it.