The Theory of Moral Duality: How Destructive Political Ideas Work Kindle Edition
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- Publication date : April 1, 2017
- File size : 1509 KB
- Word Wise : Enabled
- Print length : 311 pages
- Language: : English
- ASIN : B06XZRVBC9
- Enhanced typesetting : Enabled
- X-Ray : Not Enabled
- Text-to-Speech : Enabled
- Lending : Enabled
- Best Sellers Rank: #984,274 in Kindle Store (See Top 100 in Kindle Store)
- Customer Reviews:
Top reviews from the United States
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This book is not necessarily about practical solutions, it is very philosophical. Masi has several ideas about how to apply the theory, but this book does not provide ways to fix government in the short term. This book is about changing the way we think about government and ideology to work toward peace in human society.
One thing that I would like to be expanded upon is xenophobia and racism in the context of the theory of moral duality. How do we manage a person's right to believe whatever they want--including someone of a certain race being inferior--with the right to safety and life?
In a nutshell, this book says there are two levels of morality: one on the micro level and one on the macro level. The micro level is governed by moral quality and the macro level is governed by moral quantity. To illustrate, I am a big fan of argyle socks. I wear a pair almost every day. This is well and good, because it's a personal choice that effects only me. My wife, and a few others, may think my near obsessive preference in socks is strange, but no real harm is done. This is an example of a choice on the micro level. However, what if I decide that everyone should wear argyle socks and attempt to force them to do so? I've just moved my actions to the macro level. By forcing my personal preference on others, I've created a destructive situation-- people who disagree with me are guaranteed to rebel. Now, apply this process to a government and you have a major premise of Masi's book.
In subsequent chapters, Chris goes on to discuss the destructive potential of the political theories of guys like Thomas Hobbes, Immanuel Kant, John Rawls and Robert Nozick. Even Karl Marx isn't spared (the author was born, educated and raised in East Germany.) These point by point examinations become laborious at times, but never boring.
Why should you read this book? Because it will help you better understand the times in which we live. Nationalism and Xenophobia are on the rise, both in the USA and Europe. With this book, Chris Masi shows you how to spot the destructive tendencies of any government before it's too late. The sub-title says it well: in politics (and life) we need to learn to deal more kindly with one another.
For instance, Mr. Masi cites the terrible outcome of the French revolution and the benevolent outcome of the American revolution. He apparently overlooks the American genocide of the aboriginal peoples and the racially based chattel slavery.
The difference is not one of morality but who the people chose as objects for internal and external oppression. The real common theme was the displacement of the causes of their misery from their own actions to those outside themselves. The French chose their internal enemies as the aristocrats, and monarchies, the Americans chose the abolitionists, and the aboriginals. (Of course the aristocrats saw the internal enemies as the revolutionaries, and the abolitionists thought it was those who upheld the institution of slavery.) In both cases and in all other cases cited whether fascistic, or socialistic it is the human insistence of projecting the blame for bad results on others, rather than their own actions, that leads to the de-humanization of the others and the justification of genocide. The duality is not moral, it is a monolithic characteristic of the human species.
I don't know if there are sufficient reasons to finish a book so evidently based on false premises.