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Transforming the Economies of Developing Countries: Unraveling contemporary impediments to food security, the endemic vicious cycle, access to autarky ... bio-diversity in Developing Countries Paperback – July 12, 2012
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The Amazon Book Review
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From the Author
This book gives fascinating insights into some of the bottlenecks and solutions to the endemic vicious cycle facing Developing Countries today. The book is a well balanced account on unraveling contemporary impediments to food security, the endemic vicious cycle, access to autarky and a sustainable bio-diversity in developing countries. This book is different from most macro economics books because not only were there highlights on contemporary economic data but the significance of bio-diversity, integrity, accountability, probity, fairness were stressed and linked to finding a sustainable solution to the vicious cycle facing most Developing Countries. The book has several charts supporting the general premise of the book. Information collected were from several sources including the newspapers, editorials, the Internet, secondary sources and live interviews from people on the ground in Developing Countries. It also has a reference section that supported every account written in the book.
My contact number is 248 543 1412 or I could be reached via my E-mail address: email@example.com, amazon.com/dp/1475155298, or facebook.com/DevelopmentPublications?sk=app_278592948831507, createspace.com/3753615
From the Inside Flap
A closer look at the economies of Developed Countries shows the bulk of the labor force, as high as 98 per cent is engaged in the Secondary and Tertiary Sectors combined while the remainder 2-4 percent is engaged in the Primary Sector. Note that these figures vary from Developed Economy to Developed Economy.
Conversely, in Least Developed and Developing Countries between 50-80 percent of the labor force is found in the Primary Sector while a much smaller percentage can
be found in the Secondary and Tertiary Sectors.
This situation is an irony because despite the fact that the bulk of the labor force is engaged in the Primary Sector in Least Developed and Developing Countries, they have on several occasions been vulnerable to food insecurity, poverty, diseases and "near" to bankrupt economies. Despite this most Developing Countries still continue to rely heavily upon several primary goods whose prices have perpetually remained low. On the flip side most Least Developed and Developing Countries are potentially rich with their richness coming from a wide range of natural resources encompassing fantastic climatic and weather systems with a few exceptions, minerals, bio-diversity and fertile lands. On record, the tropical rain forests which are located in Least Developed and Developing Countries support the greatest bio-diversity on Earth. Despite these advantages the paradox is that most of the poorest people on earth today could be found in Least Developed and Developing Countries.
Further, despite the fact that attempts have been made by well intentioned International organizations, foreign governments, both International and local NGOs and governments in Under Developed and Developing Countries to break away from this endemic vicious cycle or finding a lasting solution to this crisis, the status quo still remains. Are Developing and Under Developed Countries doomed to face this vicious cycle perpetually or there is a way out? The answer to this question lies in a general overhaul of fishing, mining, forestry, hunting, quarrying and farming practices and moving a step beyond selling primary goods unprocessed. In other words there is the need for a paradigm shift whereby primary goods have to be processed or focusing on the production of higher-value-added products from primary goods via value capturing and value addition methodologies before the sale of such goods. There is also the need to adopt good agricultural practices, a move from subsistence farming to commercial/mechanized farming, the retraining of farmers in up to date farming techniques that recognize the importance and the co-existence of farming and the restoration and conservation of nature (Bio-diversity), a shift in focus in an overwhelming percentage of GDP emanating from the Primary Sector to the Secondary and Tertiary Sectors, an improved infrastructural network, more diversified economies, permaculture farming and the gradual shift in the bulk of the labor force from the Primary Sector to the Secondary and Tertiary Sectors to facilitate processing and industrialization (value addition), stemming the high population growth rates, consistently focusing on R&D and an acceleration in the granting of patents to Developing Countries. This transformation will usher in an era where Developing Countries will not only contribute significantly to the publication of Scientific literature but also most of their Universities will be seen in the world ranking of top 500 Universities and an exponential acceleration in the granting of Patents to Developing Countries.
When these measures are correctly implemented in the absence of other devastating factors like political instability, mismanagement, coup d'états, tribalism, civil wars, corruption, mass pest invasion, bad governance, greed, nepotism, drought, the destruction of farmlands and flooding, it could then mark the beginning of the earnest quest for a sustainable food security era, national wealth creation, increased farm productivity, access to cheaper, cleaner renewable energy sources, reducing the impact of greenhouse gases on the eco-system, job creation, the enhancement of indigenous technology and industrialization. One of the factors that also influenced the writing of this book is the growing threat, significance and negative implications of global warming and Ozone depletion and the need to put measures in place globally to not only restore but also conserve nature to ensure the very sustainability of humanity. Further it is for this very reason that the United Nations declared a World Day to combat desertification (WDCD) on June 17 yearly and globally. This event was not only
set aside by the United Nations for nations to reflect on the environment but also to sensitize the public on the delicate balance existing between desertification, land degradation, drought and the production of natural resources.
This event lays particular emphasis on fragile Eco-systems in arid and semi-arid regions globally. The urgency of global warming and the consequent implications to livelihood sustainability has accurately been summed up by Hans Herren, President of the Millennium Institute, an International NGO "We keep on measuring CO2 levels and these are going up, no matter what we do. Even if we would stop driving today, this will continue, and the consequences will be quite dramatic. But we keep on talking; referring to new reports, organizing new meetings, and the CO2 levels keep on rising. Sustainable agricultural practices could absorb a third or more of the CO2, instead of being a source of emissions. One way to change that is to reward sustainable farmers for the positive externalities they create, rather than charging them with extra labeling costs" (Herren, 2011).
The challenge the author will like to throw to Developing Countries, stakeholders and sympathizers is that if the " Asian Tigers" and the "Tiger Cubs" Nations and other developmental States like Chile, Ireland, Mauritius and Botswana have succeeded in improving their lot economically via manufacturing and the processing of primary goods (Value Addition and Export Diversification), why should Developing Countries sit on the sidelines and anguish in misery and hopelessness? The manifestations of such sufferings in Developing Countries are galore and come in the form of the endemic food insecurity and hunger situations (case in point the extreme 2011 famine situation in the Horn of Africa), malnutrition, high unemployment, diseases, near to bankrupt economies, bad governance, huge national debts, poor infrastructure, hyper inflation and a rather slow pace in development, high population growth rates, weak national currencies and less than robust and vibrant economies. Today, many analysts view export development and diversification as the new engine of growth. Consequently, in the light of the experience of successful exporting countries, there is a growing consensus in economic literature that outward-oriented policies combined with selective market friendly interventions can help countries grow more, and reap the benefits of trade liberalization. There is also a growing consensus that patterns of economic development is associated with structural change in exports and increased export diversification. In virtually all regions of the world, the patterns of trade have changed from primary exports to manufactured exports of labor intensive types and subsequently to more resource intensive manufactures, but Africa is one of the rare regions where exports remain predominantly of primary nature (Samen, 2008). There is, therefore the urgent need for a paradigm shift in Africa and all other Developing Nations yet to join the bandwagon.
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