- Series: Economic History of the United States
- Paperback: 454 pages
- Publisher: Routledge (September 30, 1977)
- Language: English
- ISBN-10: 0873321014
- ISBN-13: 978-0873321013
- Product Dimensions: 1.2 x 6 x 9 inches
- Shipping Weight: 13.6 ounces
- Average Customer Review: 3 customer reviews
- Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #1,974,948 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
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The Transportation Revolution, 1815-60 (Economic History of the United States)
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It is very well written, easy to read and has complete references.
I have 7 pages of typed notes from this book, which is much more than the average for this type book. From my notes:
"A coal mine may exist in the United States not 10 miles from valuable ores of iron and other materials and both be useless until a canal is established between them, as the price of land carriage is too great to be borne by either." "A ton of goods could be brought 3000 miles from Europe for about $9, but for that same sum it could be moved only 30 miles in this country". U.S. Senate Committee (1816) American State Papers: Misc II (1834)p 287
A ton mile cost 30-70 cents between 1800 and 1819. Robert Fulton (1814) stated the usual cost of wagonage as 32 cents/ton mile. Transportation cost of wheat to Philadelphia equaled it's value at 218 miles. Or corn at 135 miles. 1819-22 wagon rates fell. Were as low as 12 cents /ton mile in 1822. The deflation of 1819-21 was one of the most drastic in history and caused partly by transportation costs. p-133
Only 100 miles of canals were built by 1816. Only 3 in operation were longer than 2 miles. By 1840 there were 3326 miles of canals. Most canals were built from 1824-40, with spending of $125 million. p-32
Excellent turnpikes cost $5,000-10,000 per mile. Canals typically cost $20,000-30,000 per mile. p-53
Plank roads cost $1,500-1,800 /mi. Average cost of McAdam road in NY was $3,500/mi p-30
"During the 1850s telegraph wire reached nearly every part of the country". P-110
The factory system and market system were not typical before 1850. They appeared along transportation routes. p-215
Other good economic histories of the period are: The Economic Growth of the United States: 1790-1860 by Douglas North and A New Economic View of American History by Atack and Passell.