- Hardcover: 224 pages
- Publisher: Oxford University Press; 1 edition (June 24, 2010)
- Language: English
- ISBN-10: 0195386833
- ISBN-13: 978-0195386837
- Product Dimensions: 9.3 x 0.7 x 6.6 inches
- Shipping Weight: 1.9 pounds
- Average Customer Review: 57 customer reviews
- Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #632,412 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
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The Twenty-four Hour Mind: The Role of Sleep and Dreaming in Our Emotional Lives 1st Edition
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"Professor Rosalind Cartwright is a true pioneer of sleep research. She was there in the field's formative years and her particular interest in the function and meaning of dreams is reflected in a record of high-quality scientific publications spanning more than four decades. In The Twenty-four HourMind, Cartwright describes both her research as well as that of many other sleep scientists in an exciting, eminently readable and thought provoking narrative. She examines numerous important and intriguing topics, including insomnia, depression, sleep walking, forensic sleep medicine and the role of dreams in human consciousness. In her Introduction, Cartwright writes, 'Come Along. I promise it will be an interesting ride.' The Twenty-four Hour Mind is a promise well kept!"--Michael V. Vitiello, University of Washington, Seattle, and Past President, Sleep Research Society "Rosalind Cartwright has been a leader among psychologists and psychiatrists trying to tease out the purpose of thoughts and images of dreams. Her excellence as a scientist and clinician has earned her the title of Queen of Dreams. Her book takes us across a panorama of laboratory studies and clinical areas. In a reader friendly fashion, she ranges from REM deprivation and dream categorizing studies to the diagnosis and treatment of insomnia, the role of depression in sleep, and the exotica of sleep walking and REM state aggression."--Wilse B. Webb, Department of Psychology, University of Florida "Cartwright's accounts of the earliest and most contemporary laboratory tests of the sleeping and dreaming mind are informative and absorbing; she has a personal, informal style that treats the reader to insights on the unfolding nature of experimental methods and of working with patients. Her descriptions of patients, perpetrators, and her participation as a witness for the defense are spellbinding. In the end, Cartwright entwines the threads of this narrative into a tapestry explaini
About the Author
Rosalind D. Cartwright is Professor Emeritus of Rush University Medical Center's Graduate College Neuroscience Division, and was chair of the College's Department of Behavioral Sciences until 2008. In 1978 she founded the first Sleep Disorder Service and Research Center to be accredited in the state of Illinois. She is the author of numerous journal articles and several books, and has served as an expert witness in sleep-related criminal cases, including one murder trial.
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Top customer reviews
This book takes it a step farther, looking at the impact of “poor sleep hygiene,” as the author calls, it on mental health and, ultimately, our sense of self. She is a preeminent researcher who has been studying sleep for, literally, decades, and she has learned a LOT.
She thinks sleep, and specifically, dreams, help us “down-regulate” stress and unresolved emotional issues, a non-conscious factory that runs nonstop.
“…the mind is continuously active throughout sleep—reviewing emotion-evoking new experiences from the day, scanning memory networks for similar experiences (which will defuse immediate emotional impact), revising by updating our organized sense of ourselves, and rehearsing new coping behaviors…”
And, “When all goes well, we wake refreshed and with a modified strategy for guiding our behavior toward fulfilling our now somewhat revised conception of ourselves. We are always works in progress. Dreams are a window onto the ongoing work of the mind during its essential night-shift.”
Ooof, but when it doesn’t go well. She uses a number of frightening sleep abnormalities (sleep eaters, sleep masturbators, etc.) and worst case scenarios to illustrate that point, including several high-profile sleepwalking murders.
It’s a fascinating and eye-opening reminder that “…the mind, although asleep, is constantly concerned about the safety and integrity of the self.”
She’s a better researcher than writer, so much so that even clunky writing is forgivable. All in all, it’s a fascinating look at the importance of sleep, and dreams, from an unexpected vantage.
The purpose of the mind’s activity during sleep and dreaming is to regulate emotions and maintain and update the integrity of the self-concept. During dreaming, our emotion-evoking events of the day (often the ones that aren’t consciously processed) are linked to similar past experiences. In putting new and old memories together, feelings that would otherwise linger and disrupt our mood and behavior the next day are processed and diffused. The mind also updates the self-system by testing the new emotional experience against our habitual beliefs and thoughts and evaluating whether a new experience supports or challenges who we think we are.
Cartwright covers topics such as depressive disorder, insomnia and its health consequences, divorce, nightmares, post traumatic stress disorder, sleep walking, and other parasomnias.
This book was a practical, entertaining, and fascinating read in the science of the mind and dreams. I highly recommend it!
I first came to Professor Cartwright's research through what I consider to be the mid-century (1940s-50s) pioneering work on empathy. In "The Twenty-Four Hour Mind" there is a connection with empathy through her discussion of processes that may not operate within full awareness but influence our other thoughts, feelings, and - noticeably in our interactions with the world and others - behaviours. As a research psychologist who does not conduct work into sleep and dreaming, but into past experience and empathy, I found this to be both useful to my work but also a wonderful journey through the psychological history and contemporary work of those in the field of sleep research.
In the book, Professor Cartwright sets out her model for the 24-hour mind and how dreaming has a vital function in our daily living. Continuity between our waking and sleeping mental activities is key to her theory, as is the interdependency of these two states. Professor Cartwright draws on her decades of research into REM sleep (the stage of sleep where dreaming occurs) to elucidate her concept of dreaming as down-regulating negative emotions that we have experienced during the day, as well as modifying our self conceptions (schemas) so that we can function better in our daily lives. As she acknowledges, her focus is on when sleep goes wrong in order to tell us more about what it is that it does when it works "right." She discusses at length research into insomnia, depression (drawing on her studies of the dreams of those going through divorce), and the parasomnias; in particular sleep-walking. It is here that I want to get across that Professor Cartwright's book is not only aimed at academics or researchers but anyone interested in the topic of dreams. Her discussion of the stages of sleep is articulate and accessible, and the issues she discusses are likely to resonate with those who seem to have no trouble sleeping, those of us who have at one time or another struggled to find the time to or haven't been able to get good sleep, and those who have been told they engage in behaviours such as sleep-walking - or those who share a bed with these people! Professor Cartwright's discussion of being an expert witness in courtroom cases of homicide where sleep-walking defence was used is fascinating.
At the heart of much of Professor Cartwright's discussion is how Freud's notions of dreams and their relationship to daily life and personality (the famous id, ego, and superego) can be assimilated - or in many cases revised - into this model of the 24-hour mind. Again, Professor Cartwright is able to draw on the main points of Freud for the general reader (and they are fascinating when told by the professor) and then use them in interesting ways for the big payoff when she integrates all the parts of her discussion into the model. The book has a wonderful continuity and I cannot recommend it enough to those with an interest in the topic, either academic or a more general motivation to understand their own sleep and dreams, as well as students at all levels of psychology.