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Windows Registry Forensics: Advanced Digital Forensic Analysis of the Windows Registry 1st Edition

4.4 out of 5 stars 18 customer reviews
ISBN-13: 978-1597495806
ISBN-10: 1597495808
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Frequently Bought Together

  • Windows Registry Forensics: Advanced Digital Forensic Analysis of the Windows Registry
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Editorial Reviews

Amazon.com Review

Harlan Carvey brings readers an advanced book on Windows Registry. The first book of its kind EVER --Windows Registry Forensics provides the background of the Registry to help develop an understanding of the binary structure of Registry hive files. Approaches to live response and analysis are included, and tools and techniques for postmortem analysis are discussed at length. Tools and techniques will be presented that take the analyst beyond the current use of viewers and into real analysis of data contained in the Registry.

  • Packed with real-world examples using freely available open source tools
  • Deep explanation and understanding of the Windows Registry--the most difficult part of Windows to analyze forensically
  • Includes a CD containing code and author-created tools discussed in the book

An Interview with Harlan Carvey, Author of Windows Registry Forensics: Advanced Digital Forensic Analysis of the Windows Registry

Why do you feel a book on the Windows Registry is needed?

The Windows Registry is perhaps one of the least understood sources of digital evidence on a Windows system. Unfortunately, bad guys have used specific locations in the Registry to remain persistent on systems a lot longer than many analysts actually realize. I think that what most analysts don’t realize is that the Registry is an excellent source of both direct and indirect artifacts.

Don Weber, a friend and fellow IBM alum who’s now with InGuardians, was on an engagement where he found that the bad guys were actually storing executable files in binary Registry values. His find makes me wonder how many times this has occurred but not been “seen” because no one was looking.

Intrusions aside, I’ve also dug into the Registry to perform malware detection. As sometimes happens, malware files will change and avoid detection, but as with malware such as Conficker, some Registry artifacts remained relatively stable across the family. The same has been true for the examinations I’ve performed that involved Zeus, or Z-bot. Understanding this has allowed me and others to determine that malware was on a system, when multiple AV scans were negative.

Finally, the Registry contains a wealth of time stamped data, that when taken in context, can be extremely valuable to an analyst.

Why do you think so many analysts overlook the Windows Registry as a source of data?

For the most part, I think that most analysts really aren’t familiar with the Windows Registry as a source of data. From a purely binary perspective, all the way up to an application-level perspective, I think that most analysts simply aren’t familiar with what is and isn’t in the Registry, and how the Registry can be used to further a wide range of analysis.

Many times, however, when some analysts have become familiar with the Registry as a source of evidence, the pendulum swings too far in the other direction. I’ve seen and received questions along the lines of “where are file copy operations recorded in the Registry?”

As the Windows operating systems become even more sophisticated, analysts who are not actively investigating the Registry now will become completely overwhelmed in very short order.

What is your most memorable experience working in digital forensics?

There’ve been several, and all of them have been like turning a corner and suddenly being face-to-face with someone really famous. Sometimes it’s finding that one artifact that ties everything together, while other times it’s been discovering a whole series of artifacts that are essentially a storyboard or script for what the intruder did while on the system. Sometimes you get lucky and find a log file of what the bad guy did . . . sort of a “/.bash-history” file, but on Windows. Other times, you end up constructing a timeline of systems activity from multiple data sources both on and off a system, and when you look at your results, you have what amounts to that storyboard.

Across the board, however, I think that most memorable experiences have come from taking a step back, developing a “new” analysis methodology, and then having that methodology succeed in some pretty amazing and spectacular ways.


Review

"As an experienced security architect
I’ve been reasonably familiar with the "windows registry" for many years and have frequently used regedit to look at various keys and values (and have sometimes even taken the dangerous steps of changing values!). In my vast library I also have a number of books describing the registry, although I have to say they are somewhat ancient. However, it was not until I read this book I really appreciated the vast amount of information contained in the various registry files. Indeed I was not aware of forensic importance of these files."--Best Digital Forensics Book in InfoSecReviews Book Awards

"It is no exaggeration to say that nearly everything that happens on a Windows system involves the registry―which makes effective examination of the registry absolutely fundamental to good Windows forensics.  By devoting a whole book to this critical Windows artifact, Harlan has delivered a much needed resource to everyone doing forensics investigations of Windows systems.  What I appreciate about this book, however, is that it is much more than a  mere compilation of registry keys important to forensics investigation.  This is a book about how to examine the registry, and it is a good one."--Troy Larson, Principal Forensic Program Manager, Network Security Investigations, Microsoft

"Windows Registry Forensics provides extensive proof that registry examination is critical to every digital forensic case.  Harlan Carvey steps the reader through critical analysis techniques recovering key evidence of activity of suspect user accounts or intrusion-based malware.  Using his extensive experience and research, Harlan's case studies provide behind-the-scenes details that enable every analyst to utilize these techniques immediately in their own investigations.  This book is a must have reference for current forensic knowledge of the Microsoft Registry Windows XP through Windows 7 and should become core knowledge for any serious digital forensic investigator."--Rob Lee, SANS Institute

"Useful to beginning and intermediate practitioners, but even advanced examiners may fi nd registry information here that they were not previously aware of. Anyone working in digital forensics or incident response who has not made registry examination integral to their process must read and absorb this book. The information is vital to Windows examinations…. Windows Registry Forensics easily succeeds in its mission to convey the value of integrating registry examination into the forensic process. It provides valuable information relevant to a wide range of investigations. And Mr. Carvey’s conversational writing style makes the book easy to read...."--Digital Forensics Magazine

"This guide to digital forensics on computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system provides detailed information on the analysis of the Windows registry to detect intrusion and document user actions. The work is divided into three sections beginning with an overview of the registry structure and following with a discussion of registry analysis tools and concluding with an in depth case study of a registry forensics project. Each section includes answers to frequently asked questions and a selection of references for further reading. Illustrations, code examples, tips and warning notes are provided throughout and an accompanying CD-ROM provides copies of registry analysis tools created by the author. Carvey is a computer forensics consultant."--Book News, Reference & Research

"As an experienced security architect I’ve been reasonably familiar with the ‘windows registry’ for many years and have frequently used regedit to look at various keys and values (and have sometimes even taken the dangerous steps of changing values!). In my vast library I also have a number of books describing the registry, although I have to say they are somewhat ancient. However it was not until I read this book I really appreciated the vast amount of information contained in the various registry files. Indeed I was not aware of forensics importance of these files….. An extremely useful book to a forensics investigator, even an experienced one. I would not hesitate in recommending this book to anyone…"--InfoSecReviews.com

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Product Details

  • Paperback: 248 pages
  • Publisher: Syngress; 1 edition (February 7, 2011)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1597495808
  • ISBN-13: 978-1597495806
  • Product Dimensions: 7.5 x 0.5 x 9.2 inches
  • Shipping Weight: 1.2 pounds (View shipping rates and policies)
  • Average Customer Review: 4.4 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (18 customer reviews)
  • Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #94,053 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

Customer Reviews

Top Customer Reviews

By Eric Huber on February 28, 2011
Format: Kindle Edition Verified Purchase
Windows Registry Forensics is another excellent installment of Harlan's continuing research and education efforts relating to Windows forensics. In his previous work, Windows Forensic Analysis DVD Toolkit, Second Edition, Harlan covered the broader topic of Windows forensics. While he did cover registry forensics issues in his previous work, this book drills down even deeper into the subject and provides the reader with a comprehensive view of the inner workings of the Windows Registry. If you couple this book with his previous book, you essentially get Windows Forensic Analysis, Second Edition: The Director's Cut. I recommend this book to anyone who is interested in digital forensics and will be adding it to my "So you'd like to... Learn Digital Forensics" Amazon guide.

Previous reviewers such as David Nardoni have provided excellent detailed overviews of the individual chapters so I won't repeat that level of depth for this review. Harlan takes a "teach them to fish" approach in teaching the reader about the Windows Registry. If the reader is expecting a book with a laundry list of interesting Registry keys, they will walk away disappointed. This isn't to say that there isn't a tremendous amount revealed about individual keys, but it's done in the larger context of Harlan's efforts to teach the reader about the Registry in a comprehensive manner.

The first chapter is where Harlan teaches the reader about fish (the Registry). This chapter explains what the registry is and how to think about it in the context of an examination. The second chapter teachers the reader about the various fishing poles available to them such as Harlan's own RegRipper tool.
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Format: Paperback
After having read the subtitle -- Advanced Digital Forensic Analysis of the Windows Registry' -- I was a bit surprised to find that this book seems to have its roots in 'the number of analysts ... [who] have no apparent idea of the forensic value of the Windows Registry' as the Preface mentions. This suggests the book is not so much for the advanced analyst, but more of an introduction to the area for those who are not yet proficient in analysing Registry information.

Other areas of the book, such as the description of some of the internal structures of the registry, tend to support this. An advanced book would probably not have omitted a description of the security descriptors on registry keys, for example.

This is probably not obvious to the buyer -- who is likely to go by the subtitle. I bought the book largely on the strength of the title, myself, and while I'm not disappointed, it's not quite the book I hoped for.

To the presumed reader, then, the main value is probably to be found in the two chapters of Case Studies. Here is where the value of the registry in a forensic analysis is most clearly described. These chapters are what beginning registry analysts want to read.

The focus of these chapters, though, is on the information in the registry, not where it is located, or to what extent it can be relied on. This is a deliberate decision of the author, and may be sound enugh. It means, though, that the reader is more drawn into using the author's tools, and less into being able to locate the actual keys and values himself with regedit or other tools. In a text for more advanced users, it would have been been a serious error to omit full key/value descriptions; in this type of book, it may lead to more complexity than is strictly warranted.
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Four chapters. You might think that with only four chapters the author could in no way write a book that covers Windows registry forensics. I was a bit skeptical at first too but was quickly proven wrong. I've known Harlan for a few years now and I know that his knowledge of the Windows registry is in the 99th percentile when compared to his peers. Do not think of this as a four-chapter book. Think of this as a continuation of the concepts that Harlan presented in Chapter 4 of his Windows Forensic Analysis DVD Toolkit, Second Edition. With only roughly 100 pages in which to describe the valuable artifacts that reside in the Windows registry, Harlan obviously felt that he needed more room to spread his wing - hence the new book.

Chapter 1 provides a very detailed overview of registry analysis. Harlan really wants analysts to first consider the types of information they need prior to starting a forensic exercise. The `what' and `where' of the registry is detailed at great length in addition to its structure. Though this book shows you where to find the registry and some important keys, the author is careful to not present this as the bible of registry information - knowing full well that the minutiae will change from Windows release to Windows release. What this chapter does provide, however, is a good sense of what types of information can be found within the Windows registry. Chapter 2 provides in-depth coverage of several tools to not only conduct forensic investigations on the Windows registry but also how to interact with the registry (both on the target systems and remotely). The author describes tools that he has crated (and that are freely available) in addition to tools and applications from others.
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