- Paperback: 416 pages
- Publisher: Crossway; 3 edition (February 29, 2016)
- Language: English
- ISBN-10: 1433549611
- ISBN-13: 978-1433549618
- Product Dimensions: 6 x 0.8 x 9 inches
- Shipping Weight: 1.2 pounds (View shipping rates and policies)
- Average Customer Review: 3.8 out of 5 stars See all reviews (11 customer reviews)
- Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #250,090 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
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Women in the Church (Third Edition): An Interpretation and Application of 1 Timothy 2:9-15 3rd Edition
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“A pivotal text behind a major problem deserves a major book. The pivotal text is 1 Timothy 2:9–15. The major problem is how men and women relate to each other in teaching and leading the Christian church. And the major book is Women in the Church. There is none more thorough or careful or balanced or biblical. The appearance of a third edition is added confirmation of the book’s abiding value.”
—John Piper, Founder, desiringGod.org; Chancellor, Bethlehem College & Seminary
“In an age when ideological dogmatism and sheer speculative fancy often displace sober exegesis, it is refreshing to read a book that tries to wrestle with what the text is saying without cleverly domesticating it. This book needs to be read by all sides in the current controversy.”
—D. A. Carson, research professor of New Testament, Trinity Evangelical Divinity School; cofounder, The Gospel Coalition
“Read it to the end! These chapters unfold the biblical text in depth; they connect us with a world of scholars on all sides; and they interact with a rapidly growing layer of women’s voices writing and speaking on the subject. I’m thankful for a book focused both on academic precision and on loving care for the church, Christ’s bride.”
—Kathleen B. Nielson, Director of Women’s Initiatives, The Gospel Coalition
“The third edition of this outstanding volume of integrated essays about the ministry of women in the Christian church (particularly in relation to 1 Timothy 2) is the most comprehensive treatment to date on the subject. At significant points this series of grammatical, linguistic, exegetical, hermeneutical, and theological essays takes us beyond earlier editions and makes a fresh contribution to our knowledge. The contributors have interacted extensively and courteously with contemporary scholarship as they have sought to grapple with the teaching of God’s Word on this vital issue of women’s ministry and to work through some of its implications. Highly recommended.”
—Peter T. O'Brien, Former Vice-Principal and Senior Research Fellow and Emeritus Faculty Member, Moore Theological College, Australia
“In an age when assertions abound concerning the meaning of this text, the contributors have not only presented the most thoroughgoing and decisive case for the traditional view of 1 Timothy 2:9–15 now available but have also provided a handbook of solid interpretive methodology. Whether or not one agrees with their conclusions, the reader will find the issues clarified, the evidence evaluated, and the text carefully analyzed and applied. I heartily recommend this book to all who are willing to confront and be confronted by the biblical text once again.”
—Scott J. Hafemann, Reader in New Testament, University of St. Andrews
About the Author
Andreas J. Köstenberger (PhD, Trinity Evangelical Divinity School) is the senior research professor of New Testament and biblical theology at Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary in Wake Forest, North Carolina. He is a prolific author, distinguished evangelical scholar, and editor of the Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society. He is the founder of Biblical Foundations, a ministry devoted to restoring the biblical foundations of the home and the church. Köstenberger and his wife have four children.
Thomas R. Schreiner (MDiv and ThM, Western Conservative Baptist Seminary; PhD, Fuller Theological Seminary) is the James Buchanan Harrison Professor of New Testament Interpretation and associate dean of the school of theology at the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary.
Denny Burk (PhD, The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary) is professor of biblical studies at Boyce College, the undergraduate arm of the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary. He also serves as associate pastor at Kenwood Baptist Church in Louisville, Kentucky. Burk edits The Journal for Biblical Manhood & Womanhood and speaks and writes extensively about gender and sexuality. He keeps a popular blog at DennyBurk.com.
Bob Yarbrough (PhD, University of Aberdeen, Scotland) is professor of New Testament at Covenant Theological Seminary in St. Louis, Missouri. He was previously professor of New Testament and department chair at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School. He is the author or coauthor of several books and is active in pastoral training in Africa.
Gloria Furman (MACE, Dallas Theological Seminary) is a wife, mother of four, cross-cultural worker, and writer. In 2008 her family moved to the Middle East to plant Redeemer Church of Dubai where her husband, Dave, serves as the pastor.
Mary A. Kassian is a distinguished professor of women's studies at the Southern Baptist Seminary, a popular speaker, and an award-winning author. She is the author of several books and Bible studies.
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Top Customer Reviews
There is much focus on single words & phrases in 1 Timothy 2:9–15 without properly addressing the whole of Scripture and its intended trajectory. Appealing to a “plain sense reading” of verse 13, it is assumed that there is an intended creation order of male authority and female submission (are we also to assume this order in the new heavens and new earth?), and therefore no reason to address the whole of Scripture. The final chapter is a roundtable Q&A in which the editors ask people for their thoughts on several issues, but only includes complementarians already in agreement on virtually anything of importance, meaning the entire “discussion” is unhelpful and pointless. Everyone skirts around what women should or should not wear, ignoring a “plain sense reading” of verse 9, while assuming any good Christian using rigorous biblical exegesis will agree with the “plain sense reading” of verse 13.
There are two points made in the text (paraphrased and summarized below) that really need more attention if they are to be at all convincing:
1) //Ephesus was not unlike any other Greco-Roman city, and therefore Paul’s words (their “plain sense meaning”) must be for all people at all times.// There is much effort made to demonstrate the lack of uniqueness in the culture of Ephesus, but it wasn’t enough to demonstrate how Paul’s text //can under no circumstances// be culturally based.
2) //Paul did not use the exact words and phrasing in this passage as he did in another passage that referenced husbands and wives, so the Greek text here must mean men and women even if used to refer to husbands and wives elsewhere.// This is almost a side note in the text that is quickly brushed to the side. Again, there needs to be much more effort and evidence for this argument to convince.
(I received a digital copy of the book without page numbers, so forgive the lack of specific locations for references above.)
All in all, this volume is the most thorough of any complementarian arguments I’ve read in a single source, but it fails to convince on a number of levels in the same manner spoken of other positions. One section fervently appeals to the reader by pulling in references to a number of female PhDs that agree with the authors all at once, as if to say, “See! Smart women agree with us!” It was a low point in the text. This may be useful to students and scholars as a resource of the traditional complementarian position if they need one in their library.
For those interested, I read and addressed the text from a position of neither traditional complementarianism nor pure egalitarianism. I find fault with both extremes on some level, and reviewed this book as one expecting a thoroughly convincing exegetical argument, which I did not find.
*I received a complimentary digital copy of the reviewed book from Crossway through the Blog Review Program in exchange for this honest review.
Denny Burk has also provided a brand new essay in this volume. His essay discusses the different approaches to the translation of this passage that have been taken, especially analyzing the various shifts that have taken place in the NIV 1984 and TNIV 2002 and the TNIV 2005 and NIV 2011. This essay will provide helpful background information for readers of the English Bible as well as good scholarly discussion for students of the Greek New Testament.
Many of the other essays in the 3rd edition contain significantly updated and reworked material. Köstenberger’s chapter includes an examination of the syntax of verse 12: “I do not permit a woman to teach or to exercise authority over a man” (ESV). He includes extensive research on syntactic parallels in both Scripture and ancient Greco-Roman literature that continues to undergird his conclusion that the two verbs “teach” and “exercise authority” cannot be merged into a single idea that is more restrictive than either word would be separately (for example, “seizing authority to teach a man”).
The book concludes with a brand-new virtual round-table discussion with many familiar names such as Rosaria Butterfield, Gloria Furman, Trillia Newbell, and Darrin Patrick. This virtual round-table discussion aims to provide a series of observations concerning the application of 1 Timothy 2:9–15 to the lives of men and women today.
Köstenberger claims in the introduction: “It is my conviction that the phalanx of highly credentialed scholars who contributed to this volume cannot easily be charged with merely spouting patriarchal propaganda. Readers of this work will find extensive engagement with primary sources; judicious, transparent interpretation; and responsible, charitable interaction with opposing views” (23). In my reading of this book, I certainly found this claim to be true.
So for complementarians who have lingering questions based on a deluge of new scholarship or new claims in the broader evangelical world, take up and read. This book will be the go-to volume for such inquiry for many years to come. For egalitarians who desire a thorough exposition of the opposing side, take up and read. The judicious scholarship in this volume will certainly satisfy your desire to further investigate the subject. And for those who do not have firm theological convictions one way or the other, take up and read. This book will provide a clear and helpful entryway into the conversation.