No he didn't. That is a misinterpretation of Scripture. He came in the "spirit and power" of Elijah. They both were filled with the same Holy Spirit.
No one was Elijah but Elijah! "Look I am sending you the prophet Elijah before the great and dreadful day of the Lord [the Tribulation] arrives. His preaching will turn the hearts of the fathers to their children and the hearts of the children to their fathers. Otherwise I will come and strike the land with a curse." Mal 4:5
The mention of Elijah was to announce the Messiah's arrival.
Elijah is a utmost example of a prophet of God who preached repentance with messages that were authenticated by signs and wonders. (Luke 1:17; James 5:17-18)
As Elijah came before Elisha whose ministry was one of judgment and redemption, so Elijah will be sent to prepare God's people for the Lord's second coming. John the Baptist ministered "in the spirit and power of Elijah, preparing the world for the Lords first coming. Both John and Elijah were filled with The Holy Spirit who gave them the power to minister using signs and wonders. The New Testament identifies John the Baptist as a prophet who prepared the way for Jesus the Messiah. (Matthew 11:11-15; Luke 1:17) In this respect He came in the power and spirit of Elijah, but He was not Elijah.
"See, I will send my messenger, who will prepare the way before me. Then suddenly the Lord you are seeking will come to His temple; the messenger of the covenant, whom you desire will come, says the Lord Almighty." Mal 3:1
This prophecy is fulfilled in John the Baptist, who came ahead of Jesus preparing the way for the Messiah.
Additionally, most likely Elijah will be one of the two witnesses God sends during the first half of the seven year Tribulation period to preach reconciliation to God, so that souls can believe and be spared God's eternal wrath and judgment and to tell of the Lord's soon return.
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