Michael Altarriba says:
This: "They base their beliefs on general scientific observations and mathematical odds."
would seem to contradict this: "But you cannot argue that they base this belief on proof." if by "proof" you actually mean "evidence."
Art: Unfair! I used the word proof in response to Ashwood's definition of faith:
1. confidence or trust in a person or thing
2. belief that is not based on proof*
I agree with all the evidence you wrote, but remember I was talking about intelligent star-travelling life that may buzz by, but whatever.
Let's apply this important semantic change from 'proof' to 'evidence' to the frontal lobotomy fad. Egas Moniz was a neurologist and not a psychiatrist. On what evidence did he decide to drill holes in the heads of patients and inject alcohol? He published the findings in 1936 that "Their own assessment was that 35% of the patients improved greatly, 35% improved moderately and that in the remaining 30% there was no change. "
So on what evidence were tens of thousands of humans lobotomized over the next 35 years? Were doctors working off of current scientific knowledge that the procedure of shoving ice picks up noses was an improvement, or were they working off of a belief that these were good and valid procedures?
Did the patients and families that submitted to lobotomies have informed consent or did they have "1. confidence or trust in a person or thing" and "2. belief that is not based on proof"?
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