The list author says: "Abraham Lincoln used brilliant skills to preserve the nation dedicated to the principle that Â“all men are created equal.Â” He was born in a log cabin to a common family. Although his formal education was limited, Lincoln was an avid reader. As a boy, he was impressed by a book about how the Founding Fathers created America with the ideals Â“that all men are created equalÂ” and Rights to Â“Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness.Â” Lincoln worked hard as a young man and became self-educated. He became a very successful lawyer and active in politics. At that time, the dispute over slavery expansion westward heated up. The Missouri Compromise unraveled. Bleeding Kansas became a bloody battleground. Lincoln said that slavery deprived people of the fruits of their labor and the Right to Liberty. The American people elected him president. Seven southern states responded by declaring secession. He said in his first inaugural address, Â“I have no purpose, directly or indirectly, to interfere with the institution of slavery in the states where it existsÂ…Â” The only dispute was slavery expansion westward. Lincoln sought to preserve the union. Four more states declared succession. As the Civil War progressed, abolition of slavery became a war aim. Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation freeing slaves in rebel states. He sought and signed the 13th Amendment to the Constitution abolishing slavery after Congress passed it before he died. He defined the meaning of the Civil War in the Gettysburg Address: Â“Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in Liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure... This nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom...Â” In his second inaugural address, Abraham Lincoln called for Â“malice toward none, with charity for all.Â”"
"This concise biography is the best Lincoln book for general readers (436 pages of text). It captures the real Lincoln: born to a common family, ambitious, thoughtful, clever, failing sometimes but ultimately successful. The writing is outstanding and easy to read. Stephen B. Oates won the Nevins-Freeman Award for Civil War history excellence. He was a narrator in "the Civil War" by Ken Burns."
"This book is highly regarded as probably the most authoritative one-volume Abraham Lincoln biography. It won the Lincoln Prize. The author previously won the Pulitzer Prize twice for other books. David Herbert Donald won the Nevins-Freeman Award for Civil War history excellence."
"This outstanding book won the Pulitzer Prize and is the best single-volume book on the Civil War, bar none. It covers all the battles and so much more, including the long-series of political events leading up to the war, the economic forces, history tidbits, etc. Also consider the outstanding illustrated edition. James M. McPherson won the Nevins-Freeman Award for excellence in Civil War history."
"This very popular book is best for Lincoln's administration and his leadership style. It won the Lincoln Prize and was nominated for the Pulitzer Prize. It lacks some biographical details about Lincoln so I personally would read this after a regular Lincoln biography."
"Besides being one of the best Lincoln biographies, this book emphasizes Lincoln the voracious reader, thinker and writer. His Civil War achievements and his word compositions are his enduring gifts to America. This book won several "Best Book" awards and an Award of Achievement by the Lincoln Group of New York."
"This excellent Lincoln biography won the Lincoln Prize. It details the development of his thinking and actions in the context of his spiritual, rational, religious and secular ideas. Lincoln was ethical in a thoughtful way. He never joined a church, yet read the Bible extensively and wrote prose similar to the Bible and Shakespeare. He sought to do GodÂ’s will. Religious leaders influenced him."
"This ultimate Lincoln biography (2,000 pages) won the Lincoln Prize. Lincoln first sought to preserve the Union and not abolish slavery, but he also firmly opposed slavery expansion. Later he sought and signed the 13th Amendment to the Constitution abolishing slavery, which Congress passed before he died. Later, the 14th Amendment guaranteeing equal due process revolutionized the Constitution."
"This book won the Pulitzer Prize. It brilliantly describes America leading up to the Civil War, including society and the political conflicts. The prewar years are essential for understanding the Civil War and Abraham Lincoln."
"This is a great very brief Abraham Lincoln biography (under 70 pages), written by the leading historian of the Civil War era. James M. McPherson won the Nevins-Freeman Award for excellence in Civil War history, and he has won Pulitzer and Lincoln Prizes."
"This book won the Lincoln Prize. This shows Lincoln to be a good person and capable president, bridging ethics, reason, religious reflection and skillful actions to achieve epic accomplishments -- a new birth of freedom."
"This classic book about slavery has stood the test of time. This is the best one-volume book on slavery. Kenneth Milton Stampp won a Lincoln Prize for his lifetime of scholarship, especially the work published in this book."
"This book won the Lincoln Prize. It details Lincoln's evolving and complex relationship with slavery and race, culminating in the Emancipation Proclamation and abolition of slavery through the 13th Amendment. Also read Foner's excellent history of the roots of the Republican Party "Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men" and his Bancroft Prize-winning and Francis Parkman Prize-winning Â“Reconstruction.Â”"
"Abraham Lincoln said at Gettysburg, "This nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom..." Lincoln caused a radical overthrow of the slavery social order. He redefined liberty to mean the liberty promised in the Declaration of Independence. Lincoln won the war. Lincoln quipped, "If the people over the river had behaved themselves I could not have done what I have.""
"This epic Civil War trilogy emphasizes the fighting. It has a slight but reasonable Southern bias. Read this trilogy after the masterpiece Battle Cry of Freedom, which is a broader and more informative introduction. Shelby Foote won the Nevins-Freeman Award for Civil War history excellence. He was a narrator in "the Civil War" by Ken Burns."
"The Amendments to the Constitution following the Civil War transformed the Constitution. The revolutionary 14th Amendment created the modern Bill of Rights to guarantee individual Rights against any government, which previously could be abused by states. It says, "No State shall..." It guarantees equal due process to all. It incorporated the Bill of Rights."
"This classic history of Reconstruction won the Bancroft Prize and the Francis Parkman Prize by the Society of American Historians, and it was a finalist for the National Book Award. Also read the author's classic "Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men" classic history of the roots of the Republican Party."