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Julian the Apostate

Arch Stanton
The list author says: "After doing a project on Julian I found that I had a long bibliography of sources that I decided to post on here for anyone else looking into this fascinating figure. His life in brief: Constantine the Great's nephew, Family killed while he was a child, became a philosopher, converted to paganism, became a successful military leader, took over the empire from his cousin Constantius, oppressed the Christians, led a failed attack on the Persian Empire where he died at 32. He is famously the last pagan emperor of Rome. I hope this list will prove useful to people. It includes basically every book in English on this man, plus a few general histories where he shows up."
The Last Pagan: Julian the Apostate and the Death of the Ancient World
The Last Pagan: Julian the Apostate and the Death of the Ancient World
"Probably the best biography of Julian out there. It covers all of the basic material and is very well written."
Julian the Apostate
Julian the Apostate
"The most scholarly biography on Julian. The author is very biased in his view that Julian was an antisocial, imperious, religious fanatic. It's also the shortest book on this list. It must be read for it's clear, scholarly analysis but be prepared to make your own opinion."
Julian the Apostate (Debates and Documents in Ancient History)
Julian the Apostate (Debates and Documents in Ancient History)
"This book is not so much a biography as an analysis of all the interpretations of previous authors with a collection of useful excerpts from original sources compiled at the end."
The Emperor Julian
The Emperor Julian
"A very readable book, but he doesn't give footnotes which makes him questionable as a source."
Julian: An Intellectual Biography (Classical Lives)
Julian: An Intellectual Biography (Classical Lives)
"A very complicated book. Mostly deals with Julian's religion. Should be read with the following."
Julian's Gods: Religion and Philosophy in the Thought and Action of Julian the Apostate
Julian's Gods: Religion and Philosophy in the Thought and Action of Julian the Apostate
"Analyzes Julian's religious beliefs. Should be read with Dr. Athanassiadi's book to get both views."
Julian the Apostate
Julian the Apostate
"An older book that goes into more detail with Julian's campaigns."
Julian the Apostate and the Rise of Christianity
Julian the Apostate and the Rise of Christianity
"This book is a crummy, bitter Socialist's take on Julian from the 1930s. Worthless as a source. Avoid."
The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
"Used to be the standard text on the subject. Somewhat outdated now (1776) but it is still useful and a very good read. Julian has been described as being the hero of the work."
The Rise of Christianity
The Rise of Christianity
"Useful for background on the early development of the Christian church."
The Roman Empire at Bay, AD 180-395 (The Routledge History of the Ancient World)
The Roman Empire at Bay, AD 180-395 (The Routledge History of the Ancient World)
"A history of the period from the anarchy through Theodosius. Probably the standard textbook on the time period."
Roman Imperial Policy from Julian to Theodosius (Studies in the History of Greece and Rome)
Roman Imperial Policy from Julian to Theodosius (Studies in the History of Greece and Rome)
Ammianus Marcellinus: Roman History, Volume I, Books 14-19 (Loeb Classical Library No. 300) (English and Latin Edition)
Ammianus Marcellinus: Roman History, Volume I, Books 14-19 (Loeb Classical Library No. 300) (English and Latin Edition)
"The prime Roman historian of Julian's career, Ammianus was an officer serving in Julian's army before he turned to writing history."
Ammianus Marcellinus: Roman History, Volume II, Books 20-26 (Loeb Classical Library No. 315) (English and Latin Edition)
Ammianus Marcellinus: Roman History, Volume II, Books 20-26 (Loeb Classical Library No. 315) (English and Latin Edition)
Ammianus Marcellinus: Roman History, Volume III, Books 27-31. Excerpta Valesiana (Loeb Classical Library No. 331) (English and Latin Edition)
Ammianus Marcellinus: Roman History, Volume III, Books 27-31. Excerpta Valesiana (Loeb Classical Library No. 331) (English and Latin Edition)
The Later Roman Empire (A.D. 354-378)
The Later Roman Empire (A.D. 354-378)
"A better translation, but one that has been abridged and somewhat edited."
Julian, Volume I. Orations 1-5 (Loeb Classical Library No. 13)
Julian, Volume I. Orations 1-5 (Loeb Classical Library No. 13)
"The man in his own words. Julian left enough of his own writings to fill three books. That is far more than any other emperor. They aren't repetitive works either as they range from letters, to panegyrics, to satires."
Julian, Volume II. Orations 6-8. Letters to Themistius. To The Senate and People of Athens. To a Priest. The Caesars. Misopogon (Loeb Classical Library No. 29)
Julian, Volume II. Orations 6-8. Letters to Themistius. To The Senate and People of Athens. To a Priest. The Caesars. Misopogon (Loeb Classical Library No. 29)
Julian, Volume III (Loeb Classical Library, No. 157)
Julian, Volume III (Loeb Classical Library, No. 157)
Libanius: Autobiography and Selected Letters (1-50) (Loeb Classical Library No. 478) (Volume I)
Libanius: Autobiography and Selected Letters (1-50) (Loeb Classical Library No. 478) (Volume I)
"The famous pagan rhetorician from Antioch who wrote several panegyrics in praise of Julian both during and after his life. Julian was supposed to have been influenced by Libanius' teachings as a student."
Libanius: Autobiography and Selected Letters,  Volume II, Letters 51-193 (Loeb Classical Library No. 479)
Libanius: Autobiography and Selected Letters, Volume II, Letters 51-193 (Loeb Classical Library No. 479)
Libanius: Selected Orations, Volume II, Orations 2, 19-23, 30, 33, 45, 47-50 (Loeb Classical Library No. 452)
Libanius: Selected Orations, Volume II, Orations 2, 19-23, 30, 33, 45, 47-50 (Loeb Classical Library No. 452)
Zosimus: New History (Byzantina Australiensia 2)
Zosimus: New History (Byzantina Australiensia 2)
"A late history that takes a wider view of events. Zosimus is one of the last pagan chroniclers and unsurprisingly he sees Julian as the embodiment of the pagan ideal. This v=translation is particularly hard to get ahold of, but it's the best out there."
Zosimus, Historia Nova: The Decline of Rome
Zosimus, Historia Nova: The Decline of Rome
"This is an inferior, but occasionally cheaper translation that has both a very loose translation and almost no commentary, even for the confusing bits."
Fragmentary Classicising Historians of the Later Roman Empire, Volume 2: Text, Translation and Historiographical Notes (Arca)
Fragmentary Classicising Historians of the Later Roman Empire, Volume 2: Text, Translation and Historiographical Notes (Arca)
"Eunapius was Zosimus' source for the mid-3rd Century. He only survives in fragments."
Philostratus: Lives of the Sophists.  Eunapius: Lives of the Philosophers (Loeb Classical Library No. 134)
Philostratus: Lives of the Sophists. Eunapius: Lives of the Philosophers (Loeb Classical Library No. 134)
"Eunapius also wrote a series of Lives on various philosophers, including Julian's teachers."
The History of Zonaras: From Alexander Severus to the Death of Theodosius the Great (Routledge Classical Translations)
The History of Zonaras: From Alexander Severus to the Death of Theodosius the Great (Routledge Classical Translations)
"A 12th Century Byzantine history using unknown sources."
Julian: A Novel
Julian: A Novel
"An absolutely brilliant novel. Vidal gets almost everything right in depicting Julian's life and times. It is written as a memoir of sorts written by Julian with annotations and notes by Libanius and Priscus."
Gods and Legions: A Novel of the Roman Empire
Gods and Legions: A Novel of the Roman Empire
"This book is not anywheres near as good as the previous one. I find Ford shallow and uninteresting since his main focus is in telling adventure stories at the expense of plot and setting. Only included for completeness' sake."
The Roman Empire of Ammianus
The Roman Empire of Ammianus
"Probably the best commentary on Ammianus."
Ammianus Marcellinus: The Allusive Historian (Cambridge Classical Studies)
Ammianus Marcellinus: The Allusive Historian (Cambridge Classical Studies)
Ammianus Marcellinus and the Representation of Historical Reality (Cornell Studies in Classical Philology)
Ammianus Marcellinus and the Representation of Historical Reality (Cornell Studies in Classical Philology)
"I don't like this book and am just including it for completeness' sake. Barnes is very fond of Christian writers and concludes from this that any omission by pagan writers is a sign of a massive bias."
Ammianus and the Historia Augusta (Oxford University Press academic monograph reprints)
Ammianus and the Historia Augusta (Oxford University Press academic monograph reprints)
Ammianus on Warfare: An Investigation into Ammianus' Military Knowledge (Collection Latomus)
Ammianus on Warfare: An Investigation into Ammianus' Military Knowledge (Collection Latomus)
Ammianus Marcellinus as a military historian (Historia, Zeitschrift fur alte Geschichte : Einzelschriften ; Heft 27)
Ammianus Marcellinus as a military historian (Historia, Zeitschrift fur alte Geschichte : Einzelschriften ; Heft 27)