The list author says: ""THE TEN ESSENTIALS" - Survival & Outdoors' Pursuits: (a work in progress).
The original list of Â10 essentialsÂ to provide your own outdoorsy survival kit came from ÂThe MountaineersÂ in Seattle many years back.
The following is my take on this idea - I have seen other writers and groups expand the original essentials into their own versions of a Â10 plusÂ list, with sometimes up to 14, 15 or more items on itÂ With some adjustments, and using some new(er) categories, as mentioned by a couple of the writers mentioned above, I have come up with a flexible list of my own here - similar to their original lists, but which is flexible and adaptable for anyone to use in their own situations - which I have also used in blogs and essays, and on a couple of forums:
This list hopefully gives the flexibility to adjust your kit to suit the circumstances of each trip.
Note, here - I donÂt consider items like cell-phones, EPIRBS, GPSÂs, walkie-talkies, and like to be "essentials" - I may take some of these technologies myself on some trips, but I would still count such things as (sometimes unnecessary..) luxuriesÂ High techÂ items fail, batteries will run flat, all can have inherent restrictions (GPS's and Mobile phones can be out-of-range..), and many people donÂt learn to use them correctly, anyway. Relying on technology can also give novices a false sense of security/optimism, especially where they donÂt bother to learn even some basic skills before venturing out.
Here, you can make allowance for local climate and weather, and take "essentials"/basics with you to suit each case - any rate, my "10 categories of essentials" are:"
"# FOUR: "NAVIGATION" * Navigation: Map and Compass, [and know how to use them]; A Map case, map measurer, maybe an altimeter, and protractor can also be added for serious route finding... < A good compass for basic uses.."
"# SIX: "FIRE STARTERS" * "Fire starting": matches/Âlighter, maybe a candle (stub, or birthday candle..) and Âfire startersÂ; < Waterproof Matches are a good cheap start ~ keep boxes in your pocket, day pack and main pack - along with a disposable cigarette lighter, plus a "flint & steel" firestarter..."
"# NINE: "PROTECTIVE CLOTHING" * Extra Clothes - when and where needed Â to suit the worst expected conditionsÂ Rain jacket (& pants?), hat and gloves, fleece jacket or vest.. < A good breathable rain jacket should be on of your first purchases."
"# TEN: "CARRYING GEAR" * "Carrying": a daypack/ÂbumbagÂ for day trips - something larger for overnighters or longer - need somewhere to stash extra food and spare clothes, as well as some of the other ÂessentialsÂ listed here... < Organiser pouch keeps some basic "essentials" handy ~ can be worn on a belt, over the shoulder or attached to a pack.."
"< a Day Pack, of around 18-35 litres capacity, may be necessary for longer day trips ~ or may even do for some "minimalist" overnighters, where you don't need to carry your shelter and sleeping bag.."
"> an 'Internal Frame' backpack/rucksack of around 75-85 litres capacity becomes necessary for multi-day and expedition-length journeys.. No need to go overboard on capacity, as too large a pack will only encourage many people to pack too much."