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Survival gear: "The Ten Essentials"

David Laurie "Bush Walker"
The list author says: ""THE TEN ESSENTIALS" - Survival & Outdoors' Pursuits:
(a work in progress).

The original list of “10 
essentials” to provide your own outdoorsy survival kit came from ‘The Mountaineers’ in Seattle many years back.

The following is my take on this idea - I have seen other writers and groups expand the original essentials into their own versions of a “10 plus” list, with sometimes up to 14,
15 or more items on it… With some adjustments, and using some new(er) categories, as mentioned by a couple of the writers mentioned above, I have come up with a flexible list of my own here 
- similar to their original lists, but which is flexible and adaptable for anyone to use in their own situations - which I have also used in blogs and essays, and on a couple of forums:

This list hopefully gives the flexibility to adjust your kit to suit the circumstances of each trip.



Note, here - I don’t consider items like cell-phones,
EPIRBS, GPS’s, walkie-talkies, and like to be "essentials" - I may take some of these technologies myself on some trips, but I would still count such things as (sometimes unnecessary..) luxuries…


High tech’ items fail, batteries will run flat, all can have inherent restrictions (GPS's and Mobile phones can be out-of-range..), and many people don’t learn to use them correctly, anyway.
Relying on technology can also give novices a false sense of security/optimism, especially where they don’t bother to learn even some basic skills before venturing out.

Here, you can make allowance for local climate and weather, and take "essentials"/basics with you to suit each case -
 any rate, my "10 categories of essentials" are:"
Oakley Men's Radar Iridium Sunglasses
Oakley Men's Radar Iridium Sunglasses
"# ONE: "ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION" * “Environmental protection”: sunscreen, and insect repellent; hat, sunglasses; a bandanna, and maybe specialised or suitable footwear - where needed;"
K2 Endurance Suncare Sunblock, SPF 50
K2 Endurance Suncare Sunblock, SPF 50
"< Example of a suitable sunscreen ~ SPF30+, Water resistant, easy to apply and long-lasting sports type sun lotions.."
Backwoods Cutter Insect Repellent Pump-6 oz (Discontinued by Manufacturer)
Backwoods Cutter Insect Repellent Pump-6 oz (Discontinued by Manufacturer)
"< Insect Repellent ~ a necessity, not a luxury, these days ~ repel flies and mozzies; help deter ticks and mites.."
Platypus Big Zip SL (1.8L)
Platypus Big Zip SL (1.8L)
"# TWO: "WATER" * Water: [and water treatment/purification if going out for more than a couple of hours..];

 < Step 1. A hydration bladder/water bag, or two water bottles, to hold plenty of water.."
Potable Aqua Water Treatment Tablets
Potable Aqua Water Treatment Tablets
"< Water purification tablets are a good start ~ stash some in your pocket, and through your survival, first-aid and mess kits - and they are (relatively) economical.."
General Ecology First Need XL Water Purifier
General Ecology First Need XL Water Purifier
"< a quality water filter/purifier for filling the water bag or bottles.."
SteriPEN Adventurer Handheld Water Purifier
SteriPEN Adventurer Handheld Water Purifier
"< a new 'high-tech' variety of water purifier - quick, convenient and easily carried - but a little more expensive."
AlpineAire Foods Freeze-Dried Meals (Six Packages)
AlpineAire Foods Freeze-Dried Meals (Six Packages)
"# THREE: "EXTRA FOOD" * Sufficient Food: plus a little extra..

 < One freeze dried meal per day, plus one extra, gives an easy start to meal planning and preparing rations..."
Clif Bar Clif C Fruit and Nut Bar, Blueberry, Qty 12
Clif Bar Clif C Fruit and Nut Bar, Blueberry, Qty 12
"< Along with fruit and nuts, chocolate, "Scroggin"/trail mix, and cheese and crackers, Energy Bars are a good snack food for day long on-track grazing.."
Mainstay Emergency Food Rations - Case of 10 Packs
Mainstay Emergency Food Rations - Case of 10 Packs
"< including some type of high calorie "survival rations" like these is a convenient way of having a spare/extra day's worth of food added to your pack for multi-day excursions."
Silva Explorer 203 - Compass
Silva Explorer 203 - Compass
"# FOUR: "NAVIGATION" * Navigation: Map and Compass, [and know how to use them];

 A Map case, map measurer, maybe an altimeter, and protractor can also be added for serious route finding... < A good compass for basic uses.."
Brunton 8099 Pro Eclipse Compass
Brunton 8099 Pro Eclipse Compass
"< a handy style of sighting and range-finding compass, for more serious navigation needs.."
Seattle Sports GPS/Audio Chart Case
Seattle Sports GPS/Audio Chart Case
"< A Map Case both protects the map to some degree, and keeps a lot of the navigation aids together."
Medique 40038 Pocket First Aid Kit, 38-Piece
Medique 40038 Pocket First Aid Kit, 38-Piece
"# FIVE: "FIRST AID KITS" * First Aid kit, [and, again, some practical know-how]; < Start with a pocket sized kit, adding extras to suit where you're going..."
Coghlans Waterproof Matches 10 Pack
Coghlans Waterproof Matches 10 Pack
"# SIX: "FIRE STARTERS" * "Fire starting": matches/’lighter, maybe a candle (stub, or birthday candle..) and “fire starters”; < Waterproof Matches are a good cheap start ~ keep boxes in your pocket, day pack and main pack - along with a disposable cigarette lighter, plus a "flint & steel" firestarter..."
Ultimate Survival Technologies StrikeForce Fire Starter
Ultimate Survival Technologies StrikeForce Fire Starter
"< a neat flint and steel combo', in it's own carry case, with room to store a little tinder.."
Four Seasons Survival Tinder-Quik Fire Tab
Four Seasons Survival Tinder-Quik Fire Tab
"< though it would be a lot cheaper to prepare your own at home, bought fire-starting "tinder" is quick and convenient."
Gerber 22-80016 Recon White, Red, Blue, and Green LED Flashlight, Black
Gerber 22-80016 Recon White, Red, Blue, and Green LED Flashlight, Black
"# SEVEN: "LIGHTING - Torches and Headlamps" * "Illumination": torch, and/or headlamp; plus spare batteries, and maybe bulbs, o-rings... < Start with a fairly basic, pocketable flashlight.."
Petzl E48 PBY Zipka Plus 4-LED Headlamp, Black and Yellow
Petzl E48 PBY Zipka Plus 4-LED Headlamp, Black and Yellow
"< A compact headlamp can be more convenient when moving around of a nighttime, and handy for tasks like cooking, climbing.."
LumaPro 2XTH1 Pen Light, 2 AAA Batteries, LED
LumaPro 2XTH1 Pen Light, 2 AAA Batteries, LED
"< A penlight-sized torch with AAA or AA batteries could provide a "backup" to the two main light sources.. * A Candle lantern or fluoro' lamp may also come in useful for base camps."
Victorinox Swiss Army Huntsman II Knife
Victorinox Swiss Army Huntsman II Knife
"# EIGHT: "KNIFE" * Knife, and/or multi-tool; and maybe a knife sharpener.. < A Swiss Army Knife is always a good start for a basic tool kit..."
Leatherman 830040  New Wave Multi-Tool with Nylon Sheath
Leatherman 830040 New Wave Multi-Tool with Nylon Sheath
"< Leatherman style multi-tools add a variety of tools and flexibility, but at a weight disadvantage.. * I like my "New Wave" tool, all the same.."
Buck 327TTS Nobel-Titanium
Buck 327TTS Nobel-Titanium
"< Often a simple clip knife can be more convenient, and is easily carried on your person as a "backup" knife to your main tools.."
DMT FWF  Diafold Sharpener Fine
DMT FWF Diafold Sharpener Fine
"< And, a pocket size knife sharpener is always handy for maintaining an edge on knives and multi-tools."
Arc'teryx Mens Sidewinder SV Jacket
Arc'teryx Mens Sidewinder SV Jacket
"# NINE: "PROTECTIVE CLOTHING" * Extra Clothes - when and where needed – to suit the worst expected conditions…

 Rain jacket (& pants?), hat and gloves, fleece jacket or vest.. < A good breathable rain jacket should be on of your first purchases."
Bula High Loft Fleece Beanie
Bula High Loft Fleece Beanie
"< A warm fleecy beanie cap can be a lifesaver in wet, cold and miserable conditions.."
Outdoor Research Men's Helios Sun Hat
Outdoor Research Men's Helios Sun Hat
"< Likewise , a sun hat with a decent width brim is a necessity on all but the coolest days, and can also keep light rain off your head.."
Maxpedition FR-1 Pouch
Maxpedition FR-1 Pouch
"# TEN: "CARRYING GEAR" * "Carrying": a daypack/’bumbag’ for day trips - something larger for overnighters or longer - need somewhere to stash extra food and spare clothes, as well as some of the other ‘essentials’ listed here... < Organiser pouch keeps some basic "essentials" handy ~ can be worn on a belt, over the shoulder or attached to a pack.."
ALPS OutdoorZ Trail Blazer Hunting Day Pack
ALPS OutdoorZ Trail Blazer Hunting Day Pack
"< a Day Pack, of around 18-35 litres capacity, may be necessary for longer day trips ~ or may even do for some "minimalist" overnighters, where you don't need to carry your shelter and sleeping bag.."
EVEREST 6,500 Cu In Internal Frame Backpack By High Peak
EVEREST 6,500 Cu In Internal Frame Backpack By High Peak
"> an 'Internal Frame' backpack/rucksack of around 75-85 litres capacity becomes necessary for multi-day and expedition-length journeys.. No need to go overboard on capacity, as too large a pack will only encourage many people to pack too much."
3 list items are no longer in our catalog.