Menakem makes the important point that unless we face the trauma held in our bodies we are likely to let the hurt spill over often violently into hurting others. He claims that the trauma from the white experience in Europe prior to coming to America got taken out on people of color creating generations of trauma. White behavior was justified in the minds of white people by the attitude of white body superiority. Menakem provides exercises to find calm and face one's own trauma so it isn't taken out on others. This is very practical advice, but in presenting it he is extremely repetitive failing to go much beyond his original premise. He does point out the need for cultural change before any major shift will happen and is clear that both whites and blacks must find their own path. He also discusses trauma in police and its devastating impact on Black Americans. The police portion is extremely important and needs to be presented to police departments throughout the USA.